The Curious 16th Century Case of Peter Stubbe: The Werewolf Of Bedburg

The Curious 16th Century Case of Peter Stubbe: The Werewolf Of Bedburg

Was it the work of the devil, witchcraft, or insanity?

One of the first werewolf accounts is retold in Ovid’s Metamorpheses. It tells of King Lycaon and his punishment by Zeus for serving human flesh. But the Greeks likely stole the idea of lycanthropy from an old Phoenician cult dating back to 1200 BCE. Whatever the case, there have been historical accounts from all over Europe. One such was Peter Stubbe, a verified werewolf killed for his admitted crimes in 1589 CE.

A pamphlet resurfaces

The source of this story is a pamphlet circulated in London during 1590. It was a reprint of a lost German publication from the year before. Only two copies of the English pamphlet survive; one is in the British Museum, the other in Lambeth.

The pamphlets were found by Montague Summers, an English clergyman and author of the 1928 book, The Werewolf. In his book, he reprints the entire 16-page publication. It details the life and death of Peter Stubbe, witness accounts, and his trial.

An inclination towards evil

Let us begin with his story. He is called Stumpp and Stumpf in the German. He was born in the village of Epprath near the country-town of Bedburg in the Electorate of Cologne. His age is unknown as the local church registers were destroyed during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). He went by the alias Abal, Abil, and Ubel Griswold. He was likely renamed Stubbe (Stumpf in German) after his left hand was cut off, leaving a stump.

Sometime in the 1580s, he was left a widower of two children. One was a daughter named Beele (Sybil) and the other a son of unknown age. Surprisingly, he was a relatively wealthy farmer of his rural community. But it was said in the pamphlet that “from his youth was greatly inclined to euill.”

After being stretched on the rack, Stubbe admitted to practicing black magic since the age of 12.

The werewolf belt

Stubbe claimed he made a pact with the Devil to turn himself into a beast. He was able to do this with a magical girdle the Devil gave him which transformed him into a beast. The pamphlet describes his form as “the likeness of a greedy, devouring wolf, strong and mighty, with eyes great and large, which in the night sparkled like fire, a mouth great and wide, with most sharp and cruel teeth, a huge body, and mighty paws.”

When he removed the belt, he became a man again. For 25 years this went on. The pamphlet paints him as a serial killer. He murdered livestock, women, and children. He admitted to the killing of 14 children and the murder of 2 pregnant women.

The pamphlet describes his murder of the pregnant women in detail, saying he ripped the babies from the womb and “ate their hearts panting hot and raw.” You can see why they tortured him. He later called the baby hearts, “dainty morsels.”

No belt was ever found.

Executed on October 31, 1589

Peter Stubbe was put to the wheel and tortured with hot pincers. It’s said they ripped the flesh from his body in ten places. Then they broke his arms and legs with the blunt side of a wood-cutting axe to prevent him from returning from the grave. Then he was beheaded and burned.

In the pyre beside him was the tortured bodies of his daughter and mistress. They were flayed and strangled with collaboration in witchcraft. He was said to have had an incestuous relationship with his daughter and his mistress was a distant relative, also seen as incest.

After his burning, they placed his head on the dead corpse of a wolf and spiked it outside the town as a warning.

Cover Image Credit: Pexels

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If You've Ever Been Called Overly-Emotional Or Too Sensitive, This Is For You

Despite what they have told you, it's a gift.

Emotional: a word used often nowadays to insult someone for their sensitivity towards a multitude of things.

If you cry happy tears, you're emotional. If you express (even if it's in a healthy way) that something is bothering you, you're sensitive. If your hormones are in a funk and you just happen to be sad one day, you're emotional AND sensitive.

Let me tell you something that goes against everything people have probably ever told you. Being emotional and being sensitive are very, very good things. It's a gift. Your ability to empathize, sympathize, and sensitize yourself to your own situation and to others' situations is a true gift that many people don't possess, therefore many people do not understand.

Never let someone's negativity toward this gift of yours get you down. We are all guilty of bashing something that is unfamiliar to us: something that is different. But take pride in knowing God granted this special gift to you because He believes you will use it to make a difference someday, somehow.

This gift of yours was meant to be utilized. It would not be a part of you if you were not meant to use it. Because of this gift, you will change someone's life someday. You might be the only person that takes a little extra time to listen to someone's struggle when the rest of the world turns their backs.

In a world where a six-figure income is a significant determinant in the career someone pursues, you might be one of the few who decides to donate your time for no income at all. You might be the first friend someone thinks to call when they get good news, simply because they know you will be happy for them. You might be an incredible mother who takes too much time to nurture and raise beautiful children who will one day change the world.

To feel everything with every single part of your being is a truly wonderful thing. You love harder. You smile bigger. You feel more. What a beautiful thing! Could you imagine being the opposite of these things? Insensitive and emotionless?? Both are unhealthy, both aren't nearly as satisfying, and neither will get you anywhere worth going in life.

Imagine how much richer your life is because you love other's so hard. It might mean more heartache, but the reward is always worth the risk. Imagine how much richer your life is because you are overly appreciative of the beauty a simple sunset brings. Imagine how much richer your life is because you can be moved to tears by the lessons of someone else's story.

Embrace every part of who you are and be just that 100%. There will be people who criticize you for the size of your heart. Feel sorry for them. There are people who are dishonest. There are people who are manipulative. There are people who are downright malicious. And the one thing people say to put you down is "you feel too much." Hmm...

Sounds like more of a compliment to me. Just sayin'.

Cover Image Credit: We Heart It

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Buying New Clothes Every Month Has Been The Key To Helping Me Become Happy With My Body Again

Loving my body in new outfits has boosted my self image so much.


Being body-positive has been really hard for me to do throughout 2019, despite there being an overwhelming surge in body-positivity around me, whether through my friends and family or YouTube. I look in the mirror and what I see is someone I want to make a jean size or two smaller like in the past. That being said, I've slowly been coming around to accepting the body I have now, instead of bashing it constantly. A key way I've come to accept the body I'm in now is through buying myself something new every month, like a new T-shirt or a pair of jeans or sneakers that help me see myself in a positive light. When I'm in a new outfit, I feel invincible. I don't think about how pudgy my stomach is, or about the hair I have growing in random places, like my neck or on my nose (yes, not just in, but ON too).

My bank account tends to suffer as of recently because of this, but it's worth it when I can genuinely feel good in what I am wearing every day. I like to wake up and think about how many outfits I can put together, ready to post my #OOTD for Snapchat without caring what anyone thinks. I've let social media dictate how I feel about myself more than I care to admit. I see how perfect all the models are in everything they're wearing from brands I know and love, yet when I try the same thing on, it's a whole different ugly story.

I don't enjoy trying things on to avoid the shame I feel when things don't fit me right, or if something that I thought would flatter me actually makes me look like a sack of potatoes. Instagram has really hurt my body image a lot — enough to make me delete it for a week after one post sent me spiraling. Going through those bumps made me finally realize it's not my fault if something doesn't fit. Sizes range depending on the item, it's the clothing items fault, not mine. Now that I see that, it's easier to brush off something not fitting me as it should. I know my size very well in the stores I frequent the most, so it's easier for me to pick out things I know will look good and not have to worry about the sizing issue.

Buying yourself something new is not something you should limit to every few months or longer. You shouldn't be afraid to go out of your comfort zone price wise every once and a while either. Coupons exist, stories always offer you them when you first sign up to receive emails and even texts. You can be crafty and still get a high price item for less. If you treat yourself to cheap things, you won't feel half as good as you want to. Granted, sticking to a limit is important but there's no shame in going over the limit every once and a while.

I love shopping as much as I love country music and writing short stories — a lot. Yes, I get yelled at almost every time I get something new. I need to save my money for important things, like for my sorority or for medical issues that could suddenly arise, or for utilities at my house next year off campus.

However, my mental well-being is not something I can ignore.

I can't push the good feelings aside to save 30 or 40 bucks a month. I don't want to feel as low as I've felt about myself anymore. I'm tired of feeling sad or angry at who I am, and I want to learn how to accept myself as I am. Buying myself something new, like clothes, is what offers a positive light to view myself under.

Whether you treat yourself to dinner at your favorite restaurant, or to face masks, or to a new movie when it comes out — don't be afraid to do it. Put yourself first and you'll realize your worth and how much you've been ignoring it in the face of poor confidence.

My confidence isn't back up to where it used to be, but it's getting there.

It may not be the most cash efficient method of self-love, but my body positivity is better than it was a few months ago. Aerie and American Eagle have really helped me become happier with my body, and I can't thank them enough for being more inclusive for people like me who are learning to love themselves again in a new body.

There is a light at the end of the tunnel for all of us hoping to promote our own body positivity, and it could all start with a simple purchase from your favorite store after you read this.

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