Every Breath I Take: Understanding COPD

Every Breath I Take: Understanding COPD

Learn about the pathophysiology of COPD, its causes and symptoms

The pathophysiology of COPD is the understanding of the structural changes that occur in the body as a result of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The complexity of COPD and its nature of prolonged existence without detection as well as the difficulty in defining this condition precisely necessitates this study and offers an insight into the pathophysiology of COPD. For those who are suffering from this disease, knowing what changes to observe may help you in seeking treatment at the right time. Thanks to the ever-increasing number of COPD patients, COPD pathophysiology may be helpful in tracing COPD signs and symptoms. This way, we can effectively manage this condition.

We would be very wrong if we relied entirely on the doctors to enlighten us on what steps we need to take to manage COPD. We have a significant role to play as far as managing this disease is concerned. COPD occurs in four different stages – each of which is characterized by specific changes in the body. Pathophysiology of COPD is therefore important in helping us understand what to observe at each stage. This will, in turn, help us manage the situation and prevent further spread. Besides, this will also help us draw the line between fats and myths.

To most of us, when we are told that we are in our “end-stage COPD,” we will take this as a death sentence. The agony, confusion, and fear may be unbearable- more or so when we do not have an idea of the pathophysiology of COPD. This is precisely why we need to get the facts right! Broadly, there are four stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease depended on calculated tests – commonly known as normal predictions.

In the first stage, concerning the normal predictions, “forced expiratory volume per second” (FEV1) is about eighty percent. In this stage, the patient may not have any visible changes (symptoms) in his body. Here, the COPD is still mild.

In stage two, the FEV1 averages 65 percent of the average prediction. This is the moderate stage of COPD and changes such as coughs, shirt breaths and exertion might be seen.

Pathophysiology of COPD also helps us understand whether the inflammation has reached its third stage – severe COPD. Here, we expect to see frequent exacerbations, short breaths, and at times, extra hospitalization. The FEV1 decreases to less than 40 percent.

In the fourth stage, Fev1 is below thirty percent typically suggests that the condition has reached a very severe stage. Stage IV is often frequently referred to as the “end-stage.”

Pathophysiology of COPD is not a bed of roses as it is quite hard to appreciate. It is meant to exhibit the structural changes in the airways, dysfunctions of the cilia and the responses to the inflammatory. All these are responsible for blocking the airways of the lungs. Excessive smoking as well as over inhalation of lung irritants such as pollens, contaminated air, smoke, dust and a variety of other lung-damaging chemicals; leads to responses of COPD. This makes pathophysiology of COPD difficult.

Whereas inhalers can be used to treat some COPD symptoms such as the productive coughs; they may not always replicate the same results for every patient. Breathlessness and the wheezing problem might not be eased by modern medications. One of the ways to ensure that the pathophysiology of COPD is somewhat successful is to avoid altogether or stop everything that will accelerate the situation. If you are damn serious about fighting this disease, then you’ve got little or no choice other than quit smoking!

Smoking, Life Expectancy, and Pathophysiology of COPD.

Every day, close to 250 people around the world succumb to COPD complications. This is because even in 2017, there has not yet been a precise pathophysiology of COPD. As such, late-stage COPD diagnosis may sometimes be discovered too late and by the time where the situation is out of hand. Early detection is the key to success, so If the disorder is not detected early enough, the patients’ life expectancy may be significantly reduced.

Tobacco smoking is the chief cause of COPD, though there are other causative factors as well. The beauty with lungs is that they can tremendously restore their functioning capabilities but again; this will be dependent on how soon you quit smoking.

However, if COPD has advanced to the third or fourth stages, quitting smoking alone may not be enough to increase your life expectancy. It needs to be combined with other treatment methods such as oxygen therapy. Your continued smoking complicates further the pathophysiology of COPD.

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I Drank Lemon Water For A Week And Here's What Happened

It has already changed my life.


There are so many health crazes out there now, it's hard to tell what actually works and what doesn't; or more importantly what is healthy and what is making your body worse. I read about simply drinking lemon water and I figured that didn't sound gross or bad for me so I figured I would give it a try. I've been drinking it consistently for a week and a half and I already notice some results.

I've never been a fan of lemon in my water, I always refuse it at restaurants. You definitely have to find your sweet spot in lemon to water ratio, in what tastes good to you. I personally cut the lemon into quarters and use on quarter per day. I put the lemon quarter in the bottle and then continuously fill with water throughout the day. I still get the yummy lemon flavor all day because I do not squeeze the lemon. It took about a bottle or two to get used to the lemon flavor, and now I just crave it.

Lemon water is supposed to speed up your metabolism. Obviously, a week is not long enough to tell if this is fact or fiction but I have noticed a change in appetite. I feel like I do not get hungry as often as I did before. I saw this effect within 24-48 hours of starting the experiment. This seems opposite to a fast metabolism but we'll see.

I definitely feel more hydrated with lemon water. I drink a lot of water anyways, about 80 oz a day but for some reason with the lemon, it makes me feel better. I don't feel as sluggish, I'm not getting hot as easily, and my skin feels amazing. I am slightly skeptical though because the lemon almost makes my tongue dry requiring me to drink more water, so I have upped my intake by about 20oz. I'm unsure if the hydration is due to the extra water, the lemon, or both!

My face is clearing up and feels so much softer too, in only a week! I have not gotten a new pimple since I have started my lemon water kick, may be coincidence but I'm not going to argue with it.

I also feel skinnier as I feel like I'm not holding as much water weight. I only exercise lightly, for the most part, walking around a mile or two a day so we can eliminate exercise factor to the slender feeling.

I have a messy stomach. Everything upsets it, and even though lemons are very acidic, they have not affected me in a negative way at all. It almost seems like the lemon water is helping me digest the difficult foods that my stomach doesn't like. I'm nowhere near a doctor so don't trust my word but it seems to be working for me.

From the effects I've felt so far, it also seems like lemon water may be a great hangover cure! I haven't tried it but I don't see why it wouldn't work. I can't say a negative thing about drinking lemon water so far expect you have to buy the lemons! If you try this for yourself though just make sure you are using an enamel saving mouthwash or toothpaste since lemons aren't so great for your teeth.

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An Inside Look At Alzheimer's

This is just a little introduction to the journey my family and I have been on with my grandma while she struggled with Alzheimer's.


My grandmother, my mom's mom, was the most beautiful soul in this world, even throughout her battle with Alzheimer's. My grandma's name is Joan Kohanski (but us grandkids called her Baba) and she was born on February 22, 1938. She was diagnosed with polio in her legs at the young age of 14. She has walked with canes ever since then but lived such an adventurous life. She married my papa (Ron) on August 8, 1959. The first daughter of theirs' was my Aunt Karen on May 25, 1961. My mom (Gail) came along on February 10, 1964. Finally, my Aunt Julie (we call her T.T.) was born on June 13, 1966.

They took many family vacations, many boat rides on my papa's boat on Lake Erie, and even a cross-country road trip in their R.V. Our family is so much fun when we get together for events and holidays, but we all agree that Baba would make everything feel whole again. Baba, as told by my mom, loved her family. It made her entire world go 'round. She would have sacrificed anything for her family and she did in many cases. One time, my Baba, Papa, and all the girls went to Cedar Point for the day. Baba didn't ride any rides that day, so she selflessly walked around all day on her canes and had blisters when the day was over just for her family. She loved her grandkids, all nine of them (me included). She was also very funny and had a great sense of humor, and I see her live through my mom every day.

I'm not sure if anyone has ever heard of this before, but supposedly, cardinals are your loved ones making themselves known that they are still there with you.

The amount of times that I have seen cardinals since her passing is uncanny and nobody can tell me that it's just a coincidence. The funniest part about it is that she lived on Cardinal Drive when my mom was growing up, and that's still where my papa lives today. Another really special thing to me is that I am part of the sorority that she was in, Delta Gamma. It makes me feel as if I have my own special connection with her that no one can take away, since all of my cousins and siblings that are older than me remember her before she was diagnosed, and I have a vague memory of it.

Baba was diagnosed with Alzheimer's around 2006 and lived with it until May 12, 2016. Her struggle with this horrible disease was not easy, certainly on her, but any of us, especially Papa. Papa took care of her at home until he was unable to anymore, which then he made the decision to put her in a care facility. She started out in a typical room by herself. As her condition got worse, she moved into the Alzheimer's unit with other people who had the same illness. If anyone has never had the first-hand experience with a loved one suffering from this disease, it is truly the most heartbreaking thing in the world. I would never wish that on my worst enemy. You start to see the person you love and look up to the most slowly become less and less of themselves, and it's not their fault. You learn to forgive them for the times that they forget your name and who you are. You know that it's really not them and they can't help it.

The whole journey of her suffering has been such a hardship to everyone in my family. It's probably the worst thing that any of us will ever go through. I am so happy with where she is right now because I know that she is in a better place, and rid of any and all illness. It's hard to come to terms that she isn't here with us any longer, and it's almost selfish of me to question "Why us?". I would do anything to have her back today but I know that there is always a reason why and I have to trust it. If you or someone you know has a family member or loved one that has Alzheimer's, just know that you are certainly not alone and other people totally understand.

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