What Is Stomach Acidity?
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Health and Wellness

What Is Stomach Acidity?

Acid reflux occurs when some of the stomach's acid content leaks into the esophagus.

What Is Stomach Acidity?

Acid reflux causes a burning sensation known as heartburn. GERD may be diagnosed if a person has acid reflux on a regular basis.

The word "heartburn" is often used interchangeably with "acid reflux," which is also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (GER). Heartburn has nothing to do with the heart, despite its name.

This type of reflux disease is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Acid reflux is diagnosed as GERD when it occurs on a regular basis for several weeks in a row, generally more than twice a week.

In Western nations, GERD is the most frequent, affecting up to 20% of the population.

As many as 20% of Americans are also diagnosed with GERD, which is the most frequent gastrointestinal illness in the outpatient context.

Women account for around 60% of those suffering from GERD. People of African descent make up the second-largest group of those with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

What are the causes of acid reflux?

Hydrochloric acid, a powerful acid that helps digestion and protects against pathogens like bacteria, is produced in the stomach.

The stomach's lining is uniquely suited to protect it from the strong acid, but the esophagus is not protected.

This muscle ring, called the gastroesophageal Sphincter, operates as a typical valve, allowing food into the stomach but preventing it from being pushed back into the esophagus.

When this valve malfunctions, food, and liquids from the stomach might leak back into the esophagus. Acid reflux is the cause of this discomfort. As the acid builds, a person will experience a burning sensation in their esophagus. Some foods and drinks can trigger acid reflux.

What does it feel like to have acid reflux?

Acid reflux is most commonly associated with heartburn. The esophagus has a painful, scorching feeling.

It will be felt in the area behind the breastbone. Lying down or leaning over worsens the condition. It might linger for several hours, and it generally gets worse after a meal.

If you have heartburn, the discomfort may go up into your throat and go all the way to your neck. An unpleasant taste or odor may result if stomach contents reach the back of the throat.

Acid reflux treatment

A doctor might use a variety of methods to alleviate acid reflux. They are as follows:

PPIs and H2 blockers

There are two primary therapeutic choices for GERD sufferers: PPIs and H2 blockers. Acid reflux can be less damaging with the use of these drugs, which lower acid production.

Like any prescription medicine, they can produce negative effects and are not suitable for everyone with reflux disease, but they are typically safe and effective. Among other things, they can create nutrition absorption issues. A lack of nourishment might result from this.


Many over-the-counter medications are available for those who have heartburn or indigestion only occasionally, sometimes as a result of periodic food or drink triggers.

Antacids are a generic name for a wide variety of products that come in both liquid and tablet forms. They may or may not be effective for everyone, so if you think you need to use them often, talk to your doctor first.

Alginate antacids

As an antacid, Gaviscon differs from other antacids in that it operates differently. Alginic acid is one of several ingredients, including an antacid. Brown algae naturally contain alginate, the active component.

By generating a foamy gel on top of the gastric pool, the alginic acid acts as a barrier against stomach acid. Since alginic acid, rather than stomach acid, is present in any reflux, it is no longer harmful.

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This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

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