Testosterone And Steroids
Start writing a post

Testosterone is a steroid molecule synthesized in the gonads of both men and women (by the Leydig cells of the testes and by the ovaries, respectively), and is secreted by the adrenal cortex in response to LSH and FSH secretion from the anterior pituitary gland in order to stimulate the development of secondary male sex characteristics, such as increased bone density, libido and muscle strength.

Its proliferation into the world of international competition as a performance-enhancing drug is well-documented — in 2006, American Olympic Sprinter Justin Gatlin was banned from competition after confirmation of his testosterone usage, and in 2013 former professional cyclist Lance Armstrong admitted to utilizing testosterone, as well as EPO (a hormone naturally produced by the kidneys to stimulate the production of red blood cells) in order to maximize oxygen input to the muscles during intense physical activity.

In order to combat the pervading rise of performance-enhancing drugs in international competition, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) developed strict guidelines to promote what they claim to be the sanctity of fair and open competition. Part of their plan entailed setting a limit on the number of testosterone women who were competing were allowed to have in circulation, with levels above five nanomoles per liter being deemed ineligible for competition without hormone treatment.

This ruling has the potential to harm the competitive capability of a plethora of athletes with naturally high levels of testosterone, such as South African Olympic 800m Champion Caster Seymana, who has filed a case against the IAAF for banning her from competition for over a year due to her above-average testosterone levels.

While the IAAF's rationale behind their decision appears sound at face value, medical professionals have deemed the guidelines as "unscientific" and without merit. Dr. Sheree Bekker from the University of Bath, as well as Professor Cara Tannenbaum from the University of Montreal, have claimed that serum testosterone levels alone cannot define biological sex or physical function, and that such a hastily-made resolution could have far-reaching implications for future generations of athletes with natural physiology that could be perceived as a genetic advantage.

They argue that testosterone levels are just one indicator of sports performance that does not factor in a wide variety of conditions, and they take issue with an analysis commissioned by the IAAF that attempted to identify the causation between high levels of testosterone and performance in a sport since these results could not be independently reproduced. The decisions made regarding such a crucial aspect of fair competition in international competitions such as the Olympics and the Diamond League will have significant impacts on the manner in which athletes will be deemed eligible for competition for many years to come.

Report this Content
This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

Breaking Down The Beginning, Middle, And End of Netflix's Newest 'To All The Boys' Movie

Noah Centineo and Lana Condor are back with the third and final installment of the "To All The Boys I've Loved Before" series


Were all teenagers and twenty-somethings bingeing the latest "To All The Boys: Always and Forever" last night with all of their friends on their basement TV? Nope? Just me? Oh, how I doubt that.

I have been excited for this movie ever since I saw the NYC skyline in the trailer that was released earlier this year. I'm a sucker for any movie or TV show that takes place in the Big Apple.

Keep Reading... Show less

4 Ways To Own Your Story, Because Every Bit Of It Is Worth Celebrating

I hope that you don't let your current chapter stop you from pursuing the rest of your story.

Photo by Manny Moreno on Unsplash

Every single one of us has a story.

I don't say that to be cliché. I don't say that to give you a false sense of encouragement. I say that to be honest. I say that to be real.

Keep Reading... Show less
Politics and Activism

How Young Feminists Can Understand And Subvert The Internalized Male Gaze

Women's self-commodification, applied through oppression and permission, is an elusive yet sexist characteristic of a laissez-faire society, where women solely exist to be consumed. (P.S. justice for Megan Fox)

Paramount Pictures

Within various theories of social science and visual media, academics present the male gaze as a nebulous idea during their headache-inducing meta-discussions. However, the internalized male gaze is a reality, which is present to most people who identify as women. As we mature, we experience realizations of the perpetual male gaze.

Keep Reading... Show less

It's Important To Remind Yourself To Be Open-Minded And Embrace All Life Has To Offer

Why should you be open-minded when it is so easy to be close-minded?


Open-mindedness. It is something we all need a reminder of some days. Whether it's in regards to politics, religion, everyday life, or rarities in life, it is crucial to be open-minded. I want to encourage everyone to look at something with an unbiased and unfazed point of view. I oftentimes struggle with this myself.

Keep Reading... Show less

14 Last Minute Valentine's Day Gifts Your S.O. Will Love

If they love you, they're not going to care if you didn't get them some expensive diamond necklace or Rolex watch; they just want you.


Let me preface this by saying I am not a bad girlfriend.

I am simply a forgetful one.

Keep Reading... Show less
Student Life

10 Helpful Tips For College Students Taking Online Courses This Semester

Here are several ways to easily pass an online course.

Photo by Vlada Karpovich on Pexels

With spring semester starting, many college students are looking to take courses for the semester. With the pandemic still ongoing, many students are likely looking for the option to take online courses.

Online courses at one time may have seemed like a last minute option for many students, but with the pandemic, they have become more necessary. Online courses can be very different from taking an on-campus course. You may be wondering what the best way to successfully complete an online course is. So, here are 10 helpful tips for any student who is planning on taking online courses this semester!

Keep Reading... Show less

Take A Look At The Extravagant Lane Woods Jewelry Collection For Valentine's Gift Ideas

So if you are currently looking to purchase jewelry for yourself or as a romantic gift for your S.O., you should definitely look at the marvelous and ornately designed Lane Woods Jewelry collection


Just like diamonds are a girl's best friend, so are pearls, rubies, gold, emeralds, and any type of luxurious jewelry you can get your hands on! A woman is incomplete without a piece of jewelry on her and it is a gorgeous accessory required for all occasions. So if you are currently looking to purchase jewelry for yourself or as a romantic gift for your S.O., you should definitely look at the marvelous and ornately designed Lane Woods Jewelry collection.

Keep Reading... Show less

50 Iconic Quotes From 'The Golden Girls' That Will Always Make You Laugh

"People waste their time pondering whether a glass is half empty or half full. Me, I just drink whatever's in the glass."


"The Golden Girls" created history when it first premiered in 1985 setting the stage of strong-willed female characters who are aging gracefully with dignity. It is a treasure trove filled with humorous scenes and situations that will always be relevant to watch. I still rejoice in watching these spectacular women embrace life with full stride and the way they always strive to focus on the brighter side of life.

These 4 dynamic and awe-inspiring women taught us that age is indeed nothing more than a number and that we can set out to accomplish anything our heart desires at any time.

Keep Reading... Show less
Facebook Comments