Music And The Brain: How Does Music Affect The Brain?

Music And The Brain: How Does Music Affect The Brain?

While there is not a definite answer yet, those trained in the science of the mind and behavior, and other scientists, are slowly beginning to develop theories as to why music might have an effect on intelligence.
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Music is so universal that almost everyone listens to it. Every known culture in the world has music. It is a form of art and a way of expressing emotions without words. It has been proven that music influences humans both in good and bad ways, and people perceive and respond to music in different ways. There are many bodily responses to music such as strengthening or weakening emotions from a particular event (such as at a funeral) or affecting people’s memory.

The influence of music on society can be seen clearly from modern history. Thomas Jefferson played the violin for hours at a time while in the process of writing The Declaration of Independence to help him relax enough to write. Albert Einstein, recognized as one of the smartest men who has ever lived, was very fond of music as well and played the violin and piano. Not only was music relaxing to Einstein, but it also helped him with his work on his theories. He would go back and forth from working on a theory to playing a few chords on the piano, jotting something down and then returning to his study. In both cases, music has influenced these well-known people in history, specifically helping them to focus and relax when trying to perform a task.

A number of studies have indicated that listening to Mozart's work may temporarily increase cognitive skills however other studies have found no significant effects. “The Mozart Effect” is a study that includes various hypotheses suggesting that listening to Mozart’s music can increase your intelligence, help you with short-term improvement on certain tasks, or that listening to classical music in early childhood has had a beneficial effect on mental development. This was first started by Dr. Alfred A. Tomatis in his 1991 book, “Pourquoi Mozart?” and talked about how classical music stimulates the brain.

It has been found that slow music can slow down your heartbeat and the breathing rate, plus bring down blood pressure. The brain can respond in different ways based off of the order of the music such as from the Baroque and Classical periods. This includes repetition and changes, certain patterns of rhythm, and pitch/contrasts in mood, and all this causes the human mind to perform better when listening to this order of music. King George I of England had problems with memory loss and stress management so he read from the Bible the story of King Saul and recognized that Saul had experienced the same type of problems that he was experiencing. George recognized that Saul overcame his problems by using special music. With this story in mind, King George asked George Frederick Handel to write some special music for him that would help him in the same way that music helped Saul. Handel wrote his Water Music for this purpose- one cannot deny the power of music.

In a recent survey that I created online, I asked friends, family and peers (through Facebook, email and other social media) to answer the questions I asked them. I had surveyed a hundred people of all different ages and from different areas, depending on who took the survey. In my data analysis, eighty-three percent of the people said they listen to classical music, or sometimes listen to it. The next question I asked was how often they listen to classical music and most wrote in answers of once or twice a week and some never listening to classical music at all. Of the hundred people surveyed, sixty-two people said they found classical music helped them focus when performing a certain task. The other thirty-eight people didn’t find classical music to help them focus when performing a task, most adding on that it is actually distracting for them. Forty percent said that they found classical music to be the most relaxing genre of music. The reason I created this survey was to see how connected my friends, family and peers are with classical music.

There are many benefits to listening to classical music. One benefit is that it helps you increase physical performance. When you’re working out, music can make you cycle harder, run faster, boost your endurance, and sometimes improve your overall motivation about exercise. Another benefit is that music can help you get the quality sleep that your body needs because it helps you to relax your body physically while calming your mind. “College students affected by insomnia showed improvement when they substituted random sleep aids with forty-five minutes of classical music therapy” (Health Wire). Classical music has also helped ease chronic pain naturally. People in recovery from surgery, dealing with disability, etc. have been helped to reprogram the brain to focus on the music rather than the physical pain.

Classical music has been proven to improve mood and lower stress. If you are feeling anxious, sad, or out of control, taking a few minutes to stop for a little while and listen to music has helped to control those emotions. Studies have found that it has the same physiological effect of a massage. This technique causes positive chemical reactions within your brain that help with symptoms of stress and depression. But avoid listening to hard music or club beats if your emotions are chaotic since science has proven that they can sometimes make a bad situation worse emotionally. In Germany, they are testing the use of Mozart to lower driver aggression on the nation’s highways.

While there is not a definite answer yet, those trained in the science of the mind and behavior, and other scientists, are slowly beginning to develop theories as to why music might have an effect on intelligence. If anything, classical music has been proven to change some ways our bodies function, and has some effect on how we react to it, based off of studies of many different subjects. Why do we listen to music? We listen for entertainment, relaxation, to tell a story, etc. and so we’re all using music to affect our emotions. The music does affect us even when we don’t realize it. Since music is so universal, even the person reading this article has most likely listened to music and their brain has made some sort of reaction no matter what the music was.

Cover Image Credit: Google

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43 SpongeBob Quotes To Use In Everyday Conversation

No context needed. We all remember these SpongeBob quotes.
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SpongeBob quotes are so universal that they never get old. That's because "SpongeBob SquarePants" is the one TV show that we are all guilty of watching and have absolutely no regrets every time we turn it on.

Most of us are no longer children, which is why our parents sometimes get that confused look on their faces when they see us watching "SpongeBob SquarePants." But you know what? "SpongeBob" is by far one of the funniest shows of our generation and the characters are some of the greatest. The best part about "SpongeBob," without a doubt, is the iconic quotes that we all still use in our daily language. With too many to count, here are some favorite "SpongeBob" quotes, from ones that all fans should know, to ones we use every day.

1. “Firmly grasp it in your hand.”

2. “Ha ha ha ha, it’s a giraffe.”

3. “CHOCOLATE!!!!”


4. “Well, it’s no secret that the best thing about a secret is secretly telling someone your secret, thereby, secretly adding another secret to their secret collection of secret, secretly.”

5. “Do you smell it? That smell, the kind of smelly smell. A smelly smell that smells... smelly.”

6. “Patrick, I don’t think Wumbo is a real word.”

"Come on. You know, I wumbo, you wumbo, he/she/me wumbo. Wombology, the study of wumbo! It’s first grade Spongebob!”

7. "I don't get it. I made my house a mess, which was making it clean, which made Squidward clean my yard, but that really means he's messing it up. But the opposite of clean is filth, which means filth is clean, that means Squidward is really making my yard a wreck, but I normally wreck my own yard which means, Squidward is being the opposite of Squidward which means he's Spongebob!"


8. “Is Mayonnaise an instrument?”

9. “F is for fire that burns down the whole town, U is for Uranium…bombs! N is for no survivors!”

10. “You don’t need a license to drive a sandwich.”

11. “The best time to wear a striped sweater…is all the time.”

12. “Once there was an ugly barnacle. He was so ugly that everyone died… the end.”

13. “My leg!”

14. “It took three days to make that potato salad…three days!!!”


15. “Can I be excused for the rest of my life?”

16. "Can I get some extra salt?"

“We're all out.”

Could you check?”

“…No.”

17. "Patrick, you're a genius!"

"Yeah, I get called that a lot."

"What? A genius?"

"No, Patrick."

18. "Oh, these aren't homemade. They were made in a factory... a bomb factory. They're bombs."


19. “You just CAN'T WAIT for me to die, can you?”

20. “Do instruments of torture count?”

21. “Hello, we’re with the pet hospital down the street, and I understand you have a dying animal on the premises."

22. “Hey Patrick, I thought of something funnier than 24… 25!”

23. “We should take Bikini Bottom and push it somewhere else!”

24. "Is this the Krusty Krab?"

"No! This is Patrick!"

25. “The Krusty Krab pizza is the pizza for you and me.”

26. “This is a load of barnacles…”


27. “Now he’s gonna kick my butt!”

28. "This is not your average, everyday darkness. This is... ADVANCED darkness."

29. “Too bad Spongebob isn't here to enjoy Spongebob not being here.”

30. “Remember, licking doorknobs is illegal on other planets."

31. “I’m not just ready, I’m ready Freddy!”

“It’s Larry…”


32. “I’ll have you know that I stubbed by toe last week and only cried for 20 minutes.”

33. “Hey Patrick what am I now?”

"Uh...stupid?"

“No! I’m Texas!"

"What's the difference?"

34. "Patrick, don’t you have to be stupid somewhere else?"

“Not until 4.”

35. “Are you Squidward now? ... That’s okay take your time.”


36. “Who are you people?!”

37. “Squidward that’s not the peace treaty, that’s a copy of the peace treaty.”

38. "What's your name son?"

"Name? Uhh, beef wellington."

"No your name."

"Uhh, fork on the left?"

39. "Ravioli Ravioli, give me the formuoli."

40. “Are you open?"

"Read the sign..."

“...l’ll have a Krabby Patty Deluxe and some double chili kelp fries.”

41. “HAHAHAHA THAT GUY GOT HIT IN THE HEAD WITH A COCONUT HAHAHA.”

42. “My sandwich tastes like a fried boot."

“My sandwich is a fried boot!”

43. “Too bad that didn’t kill me.”








Cover Image Credit: Wikipedia

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All Five Endings To "Black Mirror: Bandersnatch"

A description of every ending to the newest interactive film (warning: spoiler alert).

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The new film "Bandersnatch" from the creators of "Black Mirror" is a revolution in at home entertainment due to its ability to bridge the gap between movies and games. As an interactive film, "Bandersnatch" allows the viewer to make decisions on behalf of the main character as the movie progresses. These decisions begin with simply choosing a breakfast cereal, but the quickly escalate and become much, much darker. Once you start "playing the movie," it is insanely difficult to stop without finishing it. There are over a trillion permutations of the decisions made by the main character in the film, but ultimately the viewer will find themselves at one of five endings.

Warning: There are some serious spoilers in this article. If you haven't seen "Bandersnatch," it's an amazing movie and I highly recommend watching it before reading this.

1. Stefan, his father, and Dr. Haynes get into an epic fight

https://giphy.com/gifs/netflix-6wp2KDY8XJFlFHazJj

In this ending, based on the decisions that the viewer made Stefan has become aware that he is being controlled by a 21st century Netflix user. Dr. Haynes points out that nearly all movies are more dramatic that Stefan's life, and when Stefan chooses to fight Dr. Haynes in response to this, and epic MMA fight breaks out between the two of them, and it is quickly interrupted by Stefan's father who joins the frenzy.

2. Dr. Haynes' office is revealed as the set of a movie

https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2019/01/black-mirror-bandersnatch-netflix-grief-essay.html

Following nearly the same path as the last ending, if you tell Stefan to climb out the window instead of fight Dr. Haynes, the camera pans out to reveal that Dr. Haynes office is actually the set of a movie and every actor in the film is actually playing the role of an actor playing their character. This ending is pretty trippy.

3. Stefan ends up in prison

https://giphy.com/gifs/netflix-colin-black-mirror-bandersnatch-9x8FX5bb2XuebzWrVN

Whether the user decides to kill Colin or Stefan's father, the following decisions will most likely end with Stefan being caught and arrested before "Bandersnatch" is ever released to the public. Tuckersoft ends up going bankrupt, and the movie ends with Stefan scratching the white bear symbol onto the wall of his prison cell.

4. Stefan dies on the train with his mother

https://giphy.com/gifs/netflix-xULOaMSzTk5NUoULUE

If Stefan enters the code "TOY" when he finds his father's safe, the rabbit from his childhood can be found inside. The movie then cuts to Stefan's childhood, only this time he finds his rabbit and agrees to leave with his mother before she heads out for her train ride. Both of them die in the train crash.

5. The legacy of Pearl Ritman

http://whatculture.com/film/black-mirror-bandersnatch-every-ending-explained-ranked?page=8

This is by far my favorite ending and what I believe should be the "true" ending to "Bandersnatch." Following Stefan's decision to chop up his father's body, he is able to focus on finishing the code for his game (which ultimately earns a perfect rating from the game critic). The movie fasts forwards to present day in which a game designer by the name of Pearl Ritman has recreated the game "Bandersnatch." As Pearl is working at her desk, she begins to notice a daunting overlap between the game she is writing and the life of Stefan. After the white bear symbol appears on her screen, a decision is given to either destroy her computer or spill tea on it, both of which end the movie.

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