What can you do with a pen? What can you do with a journalist? You can change the world. You can change the way people see things. For example, newspapers and the 1890s changed how America thought about war, race, and politics.
Newspapers made people
prejudice against Italian Americans. People were afraid because of their Mafia
ties; even if those ties did not exist. Before the climax of these newspaper
reports, they were often apprehensive and speculative. Thus, newspapers could fill in what they wanted without any real facts,
creating bias. An example would be one the code of ethics for the mafia a
newspaper in Chicago reported; omerta, which translates to manliness and means
an utter scorn, abjuration, and disregard of all the established forms of law. Newspapers continued to say the Mafia was ruthless and
bad, and since the Mafia was made of Italians, it furthered the fear of
Italians, especially in New Orleans. According to historians referenced in the
documentary film Linciati, these
reports were groundless.
Politics became a huge
issue for the People’s Party. Those concerned about the burgeoning crassness
and uncontrollable greed of America’s entrepreneurial began to question the
direction of the nation and the wisdom of its leaders. Their
weapon they used was education. The image has a line of people at a library asking for Populist books
to avoid political ignorance. The party needed to find an inexpensive way to
educate the party because the party was all poor people living on shoe string
budgets. The Populist Farmers Alliance decided to help
with that providing inexpensive small town newspapers.
Spanish-American war began, two people, Richard Davis and Frederic Remington,
were dispatched to Cuba to report what was happening.
Richard was a “correspondent and golden boy of New York journalism, and
Frederic was an “artist and illustrator of the West.
Eventually, these men became bored because nothing was happening and wanted to
come home; their boss, William Hearst who was an owner of a newspaper, replied
Please remain. You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war. The men knew in advance that a war would break out but did not
know when, and their job was to create yellow journalism.
Their boss knew the United States wanted to make Spain give up Cuba and that
war would eventually break out to make it happen.
Journalists have caused this to happen. What do you want to cause or change.