Britain had colonized the area known as Palestine after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in WW1. The land was inhabited by majority Arab population and Jewish minority. However, tension began to arise when the Jewish minority claimed that area as their "holy land" or ancenstral home. For Palestinians, that was their national home and for Britain to allow the Jewish minority to sought ownership or claim created an opposition. For both populations saw this area as their home, several peace agreements have been negotiated to settle the ever growing conflict. However, in 2021 tensions sought an all time high divesting thousands of Palestinians lives.
WW1 sought the genocide of millions in the Jewish community and the number that fled to the area grew steadily.
"In 1947, the UN voted for Palestine to be split into separate Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem becoming an international city." (CNN 2019)
Jewish leaders accepted it, but the Arab community denied this, however due to that rejection the Jewish population created Israel. British leaders decided to let the Jewish community in control, thus the Jewish community declared that the area would be the state of Israel. Arab countries violently denied this implication and a war launched known as Al Nakba.
The end result was Israel controlling majority of the land - no peace agreement finalized only anger.
So, Why Now?
According to CNN, "Gaza is ruled by a Palestine militant group called Hamas, which as fought Israel many times. Israel and Empty tightly control Gaza's border to stop weapons getting to Hamas" (2019).
While Israel claims the whole of Jeurleseum as its capital, Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital. However, the United Stated and other countries claim Israel's right. So, when you're denied and reduced in land size tensions only need a catalyst which is the violence between police and Palestinians.
Israeli forces have battled protestors and killed and these grievances only deepen.
Since there was never any agreement and a plethora of other issues, war and protestors are clashing for stability and recognition.
The future is uncertain, but prayers for Palestinians.