A Deeper Look At The Subtleties Of Citizen Kane

For decades since its 1941 release, "Citizen Kane" has been hailed as one of the greatest cinematic achievements of the American film industry, and for a good reason. Orson Welles’s masterful direction, the creative use of innovative techniques like Deep Focus and many others, as well as outstanding performances from everyone involved, helped to elevate the already excellent film to a piece of modern art. When discussing individual scenes from the film, it seems as if most people have one particular moment which intrigues them in some way, and this is no different for me. My favorite scene is none other than the famous “Window Scene,” in which a young Charles Kane celebrates his childhood innocence by frolicking outside on a snowy day, blissfully unaware of the forces seemingly conspiring against his happiness. What elements make this scene so memorable, and why is it so important to the rest of the film? Allow me to explain.

Whenever I re-watch this scene, the first thing that strikes me is its use of the special effect known as, “Deep Focus.” This camera technique involves adjusting the focus so that objects in the background of the shot appear as bright as objects in the foreground. To me, this effect often creates a feeling of equal importance throughout the shot. Events taking place within the foreground, such as Kane’s parents discussing his education away from home with banker Walter Thatcher, move the plot along, but is no more significant or more of a focal point than Kane playing outside in the snow. This effect provides us with two perspectives and conflicting moods in the same shot. The effect thus gives us multiple layers of uncertainty and carefree attitudes and balances the seemingly cold and unflinching attitude held by Kane’s mother at the thought of sending her son away with Kane’s last moments of innocence and childhood.

Besides being filled with emotion and depth, this scene also works brilliantly in a practical sense. So often in modern films, it seems that exposition and plot details are thrust upon the audience quickly to leave time for more “interesting” events, without letting the plot flow naturally. This scene is entirely different. Context is given for the situation and for Kane’s education away from home. This is because gold has been found on the land owned by Charles’s mother, leaving the family unexpectedly wealthy. Information is dispensed at a steady and constant pace, and the audience is given time to connect the dots and speculate on what effect the events within this flashback have had on Kane’s life and how current events within the story have been affected. Character motivations are made clear, and by the end of the scene, we know how each character feels about the situation.

Kane’s mother is reluctant to send her son away, but more than willing to do so if it means he will have access to a better life and education, as well as be protected from his abusive father. Kane’s father is mainly concerned that he receives what he sees as his share of the profits from the gold, though he does express some concern for his son, stating that this decision is probably for the best. Young Charles is unaware of the situation and understands little, except the fact that his parents have arranged for him to be taken away from the only home he’s ever known. Everyone’s motivations and feelings are made clear straightforwardly and organically.

The final reason I adore this scene is because of its importance to the plot, as a sort of “keystone” which supports the entire story. The plot of "Citizen Kane" revolves around the life of recently deceased media mogul Charles Kane, and an investigation into his last word, “Rosebud.” Protagonist and reporter Jerry Thompson embarks on a quest to find the meaning of the iconic figure’s dying words, and gradually pieces together the complete story of Kane’s past through interviews with those close to the man. Though Thompson himself never discovers the meaning of the word through his investigations, the audience is shown that Rosebud is none other than the name of the manufacturer of Kane’s childhood sled. This is the last relic of his stolen youth and childhood, which is a cruel twist of fate, is thought to be junk by Kane’s house staff and burned in the furnace.

The scene is a catalyst for all future events in Kane’s life, and the root cause of all present situations occurring within the film. It completes the picture of mysterious Charles Kane, a man who stood at the top of the world, constantly seeking greater heights, all to fill the void left by his lost childhood, home, and family. It is for all these reasons that I truly believe this scene is one of the most groundbreaking and meaningful in all of cinema, and only serves to amplify my appreciation for this masterful film even further.

Cover Image Credit: Donald Tong at Pexels.com

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A Beginner's Guide to Milwaukee Sports

Part I: The Bucks


Being a college student in Milwaukee has its perks, especially for sports fans. Now, while some may have brought their hometown teams to college, others (myself included) may have warmed up to the Cream City teams without knowing much about them. If this is the case for you, then these pointers can help you start enjoying Milwaukee basketball without looking and sounding like a bandwagon fan.

Quick History


Here are some facts about the Bucks that can make you feel more knowledgeable about the franchise:

- They have only won one championship (back in 1971) and have lost one NBA Finals series (1974) (Land of Basketball)

- They have only had one* MVP-caliber player in Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (#33) during the 1971, 1972, and 1974 seasons (Land of Basketball)

- Other Notable Players Include: Oscar Robertson (#1), Sidney Moncrief (#4), Jon McGlocklin (#14) and Ray Allen (#34) (Land of Basketball)

*Giannis Antetokounmpo may win the MVP award this year

sited: https://www.landofbasketball.com/teams/milwaukee_bucks.htm

Gear Up


This one is a bit of a no-brainer. Wearing team's colors or spirit wear is a must, especially if you're going to a game. Most items like hats and t-shirts are perfectly acceptable, and these are great if you're not trying to break the bank. Buying your gear from a sporting goods store will usually be cheaper than buying them from the team store (the main one of which is located in Fiserv Forum). Most online stores like NBA.com, Fanatics, Fansedge, and sometimes even the team's online store will have sales on sports gear, so getting a good deal on team wear is always a plus!

A Word of Caution: Jerseys

All three of these players are not part of the 2018-2019 roster and #77 and #3 have been reused by current players Ersan Ilyasova (#77) and George Hill (#3)


If you're willing to go the extra mile, buying a jersey can really get you into locked in and pumped for the live action. However, it should be kept in mind that official Nike NBA jerseys range from $110-$250, so they definitely are an investment. While there are other options available like the FastBreak jerseys by Fanatics, they are a simpler (still official) knockoff of the Nike jerseys. Also; beware buying sale jerseys. There are usually three reasons why jerseys are ever on sale (aside from a storewide sale): a player is injured, a player doesn't play much and is about to be traded, or a player has been traded. While there is nothing wrong with having the jersey of a player who went on to another team (like Kareem and Allen), you are not exactly going to get brownie points for wearing a Jabari Parker or a Thon Maker jersey anytime soon.

Know The Current Squad

Fiserv Forum, Home of the Milwaukee Bucks


Everyone in Milwaukee has heard of Giannis Antetokounmpo, but who else is part of the supporting cast?

Starting Five for the 2018-2019 Milwaukee Bucks (Basketball Reference):

- #6 Eric Bledsoe at Point Guard

- #13 Malcolm "The President" Brogdon at Shooting Guard

- #22 Khris "Money" Middleton at Small Forward

- #34 Giannis "The Greek Freak" Antetokounmpo at Power Forward

- #11 Brook "Splash Mountain" Lopez at Center

Student Perk


Using your university email, you can get special discount ticket offers for home games by signing up for the Bucks' Student Rush Program. Tickets usually start at $15 per ticket, and the seats available may depend on who the Bucks are playing (and how well they are doing during the season).

Get Involved and Have Fun!

Mascot Crawl GIF by NBA - Find & Share on GIPHY Giphy

Don't be afraid to get into it! The Bucks are an amazing team to watch and they love Bucks Nation. In addition to cheering at games, going to team events and player appearances can be great ways to make memories and even get an autograph or two!

Are You a Bucks Fan Now?🦌


I think Giannis would agree!

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