Campaign Finance Regulation
Start writing a post
Politics and Activism

Campaign Finance Regulation

The rise of campaign finance reform in American politics has been complicated by various Supreme Court cases.

Campaign Finance Regulation
Democratic Voices

One of the biggest issues from the 2016 presidential election is campaign finance reform.

The issue of campaign finance is not a new issue to the decade but arrived in the 1970s with the passage of the Federal Election Campaign Act. One of the major parts of the act included the formation of a Federal Election Commission that would examine claims of violating campaign finance regulations. In the 1976 case Buckley v. Valeo, the Supreme Court determined that money contributions can be considered as "speech" under the First Amendment. The court struck down the act's limit on candidates spending their own money on electoral campaigns. As a result, individuals who are billionaires could spend a large amount of their own fortune funding a campaign without a limit.

The Supreme Court also struck down limits on how much a campaign could spend, as the reasoning didn't justify an aim at preventing corruption. However, the provision that limited individual contributions to campaigns was upheld along with the Federal Election Commission.

Further cases have upheld further conditions and amendments to campaign finance reform. In 1990, the court upheld the Michigan Campaign Finance Act which banned corporations from making independent expenditures to candidates in Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce. In 2002, Congress passed the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act or otherwise known as the McCain-Feingold Act. The act tackled the issue of soft money by prohibiting political parties from raising money that would not be subject to federal oversight. The legislation also limited when ads funded by corporations and non-profits could invoke a candidate's name before an election. The court upheld the restrictions in McConnell v. FEC.

It seemed that the court was very willing to uphold limits on corporate and non-profits until the rise of the 2010 case Citizens United v. FEC. They partially overturned McConnell v. FEC and fully overturned Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce. The court fully recognized that campaign contributions constituted protection under the First Amendment. As a result, the Supreme Court struck down independent expenditure limits on corporations and non-profits.

This has allowed for a proliferation of outside donations into various political campaigns.

Report this Content
This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

5 Different Religions And Their Unique Christmas Celebrations

From Hanukkah Lights to Nativity Scenes: 5 Faiths' Unique Takes on the Christmas Spirit

Christmas traditions

The Holidays are a time for being with friends and family and celebrating the birth of Christ, but sometimes we forget to acknowledge the other religions and what they celebrate. Some religions like the Islam do not even celebrate Christmas and then you have others, the Buddhists, who use the holiday to practice their religion of spreading peace and goodwill. In no particular order, I would like to demonstrate a little culture about the ways Christmas is celebrated or is not celebrated throughout five different religions.

Keep Reading...Show less

12 Reasons Why I Love Christmas

What's Not To Love? But These Reasons Are Why Christmas Is Best

Young woman with open arms enjoying the snow on a street decorated with Christmas lights.

There are so many reasons why I love the Christmas time! Check out the joy that makes this time of year truly special, from festive traditions to heartwarming moments. Enjoy!

Keep Reading...Show less

A Beginner's Wine Appreciation Course

While I most certainly do not know everything, I feel like I know more than the average 21-year-old about vino, so I wrote this beginner's wine appreciate course to help YOU navigate the wine world and drink like a pro.

White wine being poured into a glass

Keep Reading...Show less
Types of ice cream

Who doesn't love ice cream? People from all over the world enjoy the frozen dessert, but different countries have their own twists on the classic treat.

Keep Reading...Show less
Student Life

100 Reasons to Choose Happiness

Happy Moments to Brighten Your Day!

A man with a white beard and mustache wearing a hat

As any other person on this planet, it sometimes can be hard to find the good in things. However, as I have always tried my hardest to find happiness in any and every moment and just generally always try to find the best in every situation, I have realized that your own happiness is much more important than people often think. Finding the good in any situation can help you to find happiness in some of the simplest and unexpected places.

Keep Reading...Show less

Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Facebook Comments