The Electoral College.
Start writing a post
Community

The Electoral College.

Every vote counts.

18
The Electoral College.

Presidential elections are held in the United States every four years on Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Through the Electoral College, electoral votes, not popular votes, elect the U.S. president.

The Electoral College literally implies a place of election, but it is rather a proceeding instituted in the U.S. Constitution that serves as a compromise between the election of the president by a vote in Congress and the election of the president by popular votes of qualified citizens.

The Electoral College is based on the total number of members in both chambers of Congress, whereby 435 members of the House of Representatives, 100 Senators and three electors for the District of Columbia bring the total to 538 electors. The job of those electors is to vote, and a majority of 270 electoral votes are needed to elect a president.

For example, John Adams, George W. Bush and Donald Trump won the electoral votes, lost popular votes and were elected presidents. In contrast, Grover Cleveland, Al Gore and Hillary Clinton won popular votes, lost the electoral votes and the election.

The number of electors each state produces is proportioned to the members of that state in the House of Representatives plus two senators. The selection of those electors is determined by state laws.

Each presidential candidate has in every state a group of electors. The group of electors is called a slate, and the slates in each state are usually chosen by the political party of the candidate.

People who are excluded from being chosen as electors are Senators, House members and those who are holding an office of Trust or Profit. Also, those who conduct subversive activities and aiding enemies of the United States are automatically barred from serving as electors.

The selection of electors is done in a two-step process. First, as the laws differ from state to state, the political parties choose the likely electors in each state before the general election.

Second, voters choose the electors when they cast their ballots on the day of the general election. At the end of the screening process, a state certification is given to the electors who meet the criteria of the Electoral College.

When people vote in the November presidential election, they do so for the electors who promise to vote for a particular candidate. Those electors are the ones who vote for president at the meeting of electors.

Then, on January 6 following the general election, the House and Senate chambers meet to perform an official count of the electoral votes.

In addition, the president of the Senate declares who is elected president and vice-president of the United States. Finally, on January 20 following the general election, the president-elect takes the oath of office and swears in as president of the United States.

So, the electoral process culminates in the ceremony for the swearing-in of the president. Now that the president is in office, the systemic cycle of the Electoral College will be repeating itself in every general election to elect a new president or to reelect the current one.

Report this Content
This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.
Health and Wellness

Exposing Kids To Nature Is The Best Way To Get Their Creative Juices Flowing

Constantly introducing young children to the magical works of nature will further increase the willingness to engage in playful activities as well as broaden their interactions with their peers

76818

Whenever you are feeling low and anxious, just simply GO OUTSIDE and embrace nature! According to a new research study published in Frontiers in Psychology, being connected to nature and physically touching animals and flowers enable children to be happier and altruistic in nature. Not only does nature exert a bountiful force on adults, but it also serves as a therapeutic antidote to children, especially during their developmental years.

Keep Reading... Show less
Health and Wellness

5 Simple Ways To Give Yourself Grace, Especially When Life Gets Hard

Grace begins with a simple awareness of who we are and who we are becoming.

108631
Photo by Brooke Cagle on Unsplash

If there's one thing I'm absolutely terrible at, it's giving myself grace. I'm easily my own worst critic in almost everything that I do. I'm a raging perfectionist, and I have unrealistic expectations for myself at times. I can remember simple errors I made years ago, and I still hold on to them. The biggest thing I'm trying to work on is giving myself grace. I've realized that when I don't give myself grace, I miss out on being human. Even more so, I've realized that in order to give grace to others, I need to learn how to give grace to myself, too. So often, we let perfection dominate our lives without even realizing it. I've decided to change that in my own life, and I hope you'll consider doing that, too. Grace begins with a simple awareness of who we are and who we're becoming. As you read through these five affirmations and ways to give yourself grace, I hope you'll take them in. Read them. Write them down. Think about them. Most of all, I hope you'll use them to encourage yourself and realize that you are never alone and you always have the power to change your story.

Keep Reading... Show less
Entertainment

Breaking Down The Beginning, Middle, And End of Netflix's Newest 'To All The Boys' Movie

Noah Centineo and Lana Condor are back with the third and final installment of the "To All The Boys I've Loved Before" series

368782
Netflix

Were all teenagers and twenty-somethings bingeing the latest "To All The Boys: Always and Forever" last night with all of their friends on their basement TV? Nope? Just me? Oh, how I doubt that.

I have been excited for this movie ever since I saw the NYC skyline in the trailer that was released earlier this year. I'm a sucker for any movie or TV show that takes place in the Big Apple.

Keep Reading... Show less
Lifestyle

4 Ways To Own Your Story, Because Every Bit Of It Is Worth Celebrating

I hope that you don't let your current chapter stop you from pursuing the rest of your story.

231119
Photo by Manny Moreno on Unsplash

Every single one of us has a story.

I don't say that to be cliché. I don't say that to give you a false sense of encouragement. I say that to be honest. I say that to be real.

Keep Reading... Show less
Politics and Activism

How Young Feminists Can Understand And Subvert The Internalized Male Gaze

Women's self-commodification, applied through oppression and permission, is an elusive yet sexist characteristic of a laissez-faire society, where women solely exist to be consumed. (P.S. justice for Megan Fox)

120369
Paramount Pictures

Within various theories of social science and visual media, academics present the male gaze as a nebulous idea during their headache-inducing meta-discussions. However, the internalized male gaze is a reality, which is present to most people who identify as women. As we mature, we experience realizations of the perpetual male gaze.

Keep Reading... Show less
Lifestyle

It's Important To Remind Yourself To Be Open-Minded And Embrace All Life Has To Offer

Why should you be open-minded when it is so easy to be close-minded?

306378

Open-mindedness. It is something we all need a reminder of some days. Whether it's in regards to politics, religion, everyday life, or rarities in life, it is crucial to be open-minded. I want to encourage everyone to look at something with an unbiased and unfazed point of view. I oftentimes struggle with this myself.

Keep Reading... Show less
Swoon

14 Last Minute Valentine's Day Gifts Your S.O. Will Love

If they love you, they're not going to care if you didn't get them some expensive diamond necklace or Rolex watch; they just want you.

187910

Let me preface this by saying I am not a bad girlfriend.

I am simply a forgetful one.

Keep Reading... Show less
Student Life

10 Helpful Tips For College Students Taking Online Courses This Semester

Here are several ways to easily pass an online course.

127298
Photo by Vlada Karpovich on Pexels

With spring semester starting, many college students are looking to take courses for the semester. With the pandemic still ongoing, many students are likely looking for the option to take online courses.

Online courses at one time may have seemed like a last minute option for many students, but with the pandemic, they have become more necessary. Online courses can be very different from taking an on-campus course. You may be wondering what the best way to successfully complete an online course is. So, here are 10 helpful tips for any student who is planning on taking online courses this semester!

Keep Reading... Show less
Facebook Comments