The Effects Of Incarceration On The Youth

The Effects Of Incarceration On The Youth

Incarcerating Proves To Cause Behavioral And Psychological Effects On Children.
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Ever since the beginning of civilizations to the development of countries and cities, there has been an idea of punishing those who have done wrong in society. In the year 1790, the first penitentiary was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. With the idea of creating penitentiaries, there was a strong emphasis on enforcing the law. Now in today’s society, the idea of incarceration is pretty simple. One commits a crime, and the judge determines the consequences. The judge determines how bad the crime was and then makes a decision. Judges usually offer rehabilitation or incarceration to those who commit crimes. Recently, research has shown that prisons are proven to cause psychological and behavioral effects too.

There have been many behavioral effects that have been caused by teenagers being behind bars. One example is the pursuit of education by juveniles. Incarcerating the youth has negative effects on many educational opportunities. In a research done in 2013, there was a study on 35,000 juveniles in Chicago, Illinois. The results of the study showed that “juvenile incarceration greatly increases the likelihood of both dropping out of high school and of incarceration as an adult” (Alex Usher). Dropping out of school is easily a behavioral result of prison because, in these juvenile detention centers, education is not a priority. The priority in these detention centers are to discipline these teenagers and make sure that they won’t commit the crime again. Also, incarcerated juveniles are 30 percent less likely complete high school.

According to Anna Aizer and Joseph Doyle, giving teenagers jail time serves to reduce their educational attainment and increases the probability of a return to jail. Reports “show that imprisonment during teenage years lead to interruptions during their capital accumulation, which further lead to reduce future wages and greater criminal activity.”(Becker 1968). This quote shows that when you get locked up as a teenager, it ceases your opportunities to get a bigger salary. And the probability of criminal activity is increased when you have a reduced salary. This makes sense because when you're locked up as a teenager you aren’t able to pursue jobs and your opportunities to get a job when you get out are also limited. Therefore, detention centers lead to bad grades, or no grades at all if they decide to drop out. Detention centers also lead to the return of juveniles in an actual penitentiary.

Alternatives have been introduced to combat these two behavioral effects. A lot of people argue that rehabilitation needs to be valued while making choices with these juveniles. Rehabilitation is the concept of curing an offender's tendencies while making them less likely to do crimes again in the future. Rehabilitation has also been in the interest of many people because it tends to not have too many psychological effects on teens such as detention centers do.

Juvenile detention centers also bring psychological effects to teenagers and young children. Information and research has shown that depression and anxiety are caused by being incarcerated. Psychological effects are usually overlooked by behavioral effects they aren’t visible. But the truth is that psychological effects are worse than behavioral effects because it is harder to treat them. The anxiety and depression are caused by fear and the inability to build relationships and have relationships. Nevertheless, the effects of incarceration proves that maybe imprisoning juveniles is not the best way to discipline them. It proves to decrease teens motivations to graduate and get a higher salary while also leaving kids depressed and becoming familiar with anxieties.

Cover Image Credit: Rutherford County

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10 Reasons Your Big Sister Is The Best Person In Your Life

"There is no better friend than a sister, and there is no better sister than you."
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As much as I hate to admit it, my big sister might be sort-of, slightly, cooler than I am.

Sometimes. She's the one I call when I can't call mom and the only one in the family who can properly handle my attitude. Big sisters are the people you'd choose if they weren't already family, and here's why.

1. She is your first and truest friend.

Big sisters are (literally) there from day one. They see every dirty diaper, every bad haircut, and every melodramatic breakup. They deal with every bad day and drama queen attitude and still love you in the most unconditional way.

2. Her closet is your closet.

For some reason, her clothes always look better on you. Funny how that works, huh? With a big sister comes a big closet, and who doesn't love having a double wardrobe? I'd also like to take this opportunity to apologize for the clothes I will never give back (but I'm not really that sorry).

3. She knows what it's like to deal with your parents.

Anything you could possibly be going through, they went through it first. It's kind of like having an instruction manual or a key to the future. Either way, it's always nice to have someone who will always understand the struggle.

4. There are no boundaries.

Wanna dance around in your underwear all day? Cool. Life talks while she's on the toilet? Also cool. There's no awkward moments or changing in the bathroom with the door locked. There's just the kind of freedom that only comes with siblings.

5. Thanks to her, you know about all of the cool movies/music/fashion trends from years back.

Thanks to my sister, I have every Too $hort and Ludacris song you could ever think of downloaded on my phone. I've seen every cheesy '90s movie, and when a fad from 10 years ago comes back in, I already have the hookup.

6. She tells you like it is.

We all have those friends who tend to sugarcoat everything. Yeah, sisters don't do that. She's the first person to tell me when I'm making a terrible decision and that I really shouldn't triple text that boy again. She keeps it real with me and deals with my attitude, and that's why she's the best.

7. Her home is always open.

Sometimes you just need to get away from life and binge watch Netflix, and sometimes you need all of that plus your sister. She always has her door open when you're two seconds away from losing your mind, and she also has good takeout and a dog.

8. She knows what you're capable of.

My sister knows exactly who I am and what I can do. She knows when I'm not doing my best, and when I need to be set straight. She's always there to remind me who I am and what I'm capable of accomplishing. She's always been my biggest fan.

9. She's a lot cheaper than therapy.

For some reason, my sister always knows just what to say. Even if I don't see it at the time, she's usually right (don't tell her I said that). Big sisters are like wizards, somehow they always magically make you feel like life's gonna turn out alright in the end. If she wasn't already awesome at everything else, I'd suggest she be a therapist.

10. She will always be your go-to gal.

No matter the situation, she will always be by your side. There is nothing you could say or do to make a big sister leave, and that's why they're the best. Whether it's a speeding ticket, a mean girl or you just need to laugh, big sisters are always going to be there to lift your spirits and set you straight.

I couldn't make it without ya sis, I'm sorry for ratting you out on Thanksgiving that one time, and for running away at the zoo. Thanks for taking me to see Aaron Carter even though he's way too old to still be singing "I want Candy," and thank you always for being the best role model, sister and friend I could ask for.

Cover Image Credit: teaser-trailer.com

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A Little Skepticism Goes A Long Way

Be informed citizens and verify what you see and hear.

rahma
rahma
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These days more than ever before we are being bombarded constantly by a lot of news and information, a considerable amount of which is inaccurate. Sometimes there's an agenda behind it to mislead people and other times its just rumors or distortion of the facts. So, how do you sift through all this and get accurate information? How can you avoid being misled or brainwashed?

This is an important topic because the decisions each of us make can affect others. And if you are a responsible citizen your decisions can affect large numbers of people, hopefully positively, but negatively as well.

It's been said that common sense is not something that can be taught, but I am going to disagree. I think with the right training, teaching the fundamentals behind common sense can get people to have a better sense of what it is and start practicing it. All you will need is to improve your general knowledge and gain some experience, college is a good place for that, then add a little skepticism and you are on your way to start making sensible decisions.

One of the fundamental things to remember is not to believe a statement at face value, you must first verify. Even if you believe it's from a trusted source, they may have gotten their info from a questionable one. There's a saying that journalists like to use: "if your mother said, 'I love you' you should verify it.'" While this is taking it a bit too far, you get the idea.

If you feel that something is not adding up, or doesn't make sense then you are probably right. This is all the more reason to check something out further. In the past, if someone showed a picture or video of something that was sufficient proof. But nowadays with so many videos and picture editing software, it would have to go through more verification to prove its authenticity. That's not the case with everything but that's something that often needs to be done.

One way of checking if something sounds fishy is to look at all the parties involved and what do they have to gain and lose. This sometimes is easier to use when you're dealing with a politics-related issue, but it can work for other things where more than one person/group is involved. For example, most people and countries as well will not do something that is self-destructive, so if one party is accusing the other of doing something self-destructive or disadvantageous then it's likely that there is something inaccurate about the account. Perhaps the accusing party is setting the other one up or trying to gain some praise they don't deserve.

A lot of times all it takes is a little skepticism and some digging to get to the truth. So please don't be that one which retweets rumors or helps spread misinformation. Verify before you report it.

rahma
rahma

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