Animal Testing: Greater Good Or Human Desire?

Animal Testing: Greater Good Or Human Desire?

Examining The Arguments For and Against Animal Research Testing
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Studying Psychology opens the doors to an abundance of knowledge sought to be learned. From the assessment of disorders and illnesses to environmentally acquired infections and deficiencies. From this knowledge arises questions that doubly perpetuate the need for further evidence and treatment tactics to aid patients and families alike. Besides scientific literature review of past experimental results, field work research is probably the most efficient way in which experts seek ways to treat illness, disease, and help patients recover from disorders and deficiencies. With the development of civilization came the elevation of technology, bringing with it advancements in scientific research through minimally invasive brain imaging and stimulation-a long way from bloodletting and lobotomies. Though such scientific advancements proved successful, as human beings we still are limited within our power to discover more information regarding unknown causes for unwanted illness. Therefore, experimentation on animal subjects is conducted to test possible human treatments for diseases and to gain more knowledge regarding diseases.

At what extent is subjecting animals to experimentation for human gain unacceptable?

To what extent do the needs of scientific advancement exceed that of non-human earth dwelling creatures and in any case is animal experimentation justifiable?

Arguments for and against animal research usually reside within two extremes: those for the use of animal research and those who find it morally wrong, though some do find themselves existing within a limbo of sorts. Advocates for animal research often cite the fact that animals do not withhold the same significance as humans due to their inability to “manipulate abstract concepts... and possess full autonomy” as stated within the article Animal Research: The Ethics of Animal Experimentation. In opposition to this point, many against animal research propose that animals, infants, mentally ill persons, and some elderly lack full autonomy and complex cognitive abilities which on paper leaves them as outliers of the realm of the moral community. Yet, such an argument can become distasteful as said individuals are human in their right and as such it is argued that they must still be included within the moral community.

Those against animal research argue that animals deserve and are entitled to the same treatment and respect for life as we uphold for humanity. Animals, like humans, experience strong emotions such as pain and pleasure and should be granted the right to enjoy life. Within society, there is a respectable approach to the treatment of animals. We look down upon animal abuse and mistreatment and the same should apply when using animals for research, as they are being used to fulfill the needs of humans without regard for their own physical or mental needs. As easy as it is to argue one side over the other, the obvious truth is that the situation is far more complex than a simple yes or no. Thus, a gray area arises in which many advocate for minimizing the use of animal experimentation by strongly reducing the amount of animals used for testing and restricting the extent to which experimentation is appropriately used. By focusing on literature searches, this allows for animal research to be conducted only when researchers are looking for information not already gathered from past experiments. From a philosophical standpoint, the “moral worth as richness of life” model should be implemented. This prefers the use of testing on less complex organisms such as fruit flies or bacteria instead of on rats, chimpanzees, or birds. In this case, more complex beings are regarded as more valuable on the hierarchy of life which places more complex beings at the top of the chain. Using a scale of sorts to measure life importance could still be argued against as well though. Above all else, a priority must be instilled to ensure that all information collected from a study will be used and has a purpose within the overall research project and suitable treatment facilities with properly trained personnel are provided. If animal experimentation is strongly required, these points should be the goal.

Animal Testing in Europe, 2005

An important afterthought of animal research is what happens to animals when research experiments are over. For animals bred for research such as rats, dogs, and primates, the best care following the end of testing would be releasing them to a sanctuary which cares for animals specifically used for experimentation. In this case, animals are not disregarded, euthanized, or kept in a research facility for the rest of their lives because they are unequipped to return to their natural habitat. Sanctuaries offer a second chance at life for these animals where they are cared for by trained professionals and can live out their days with dignity and respect.

Overall, most will agree that animal research should be avoided when possible. Employing animals to experimentation that we humans wouldn’t want to subject ourselves to is enough of a reason for most to see that animal research is not fundamentally ideal, but rather a flawed alternative. Animals and humans are not entirely alike, but we all possess an innate right to life which makes arguing animal research morality and appropriation a cyclical routine with no perfect answer. Therefore, if testing must be conducted, it should be done so with the interest of the animals and the goal of the experiments at the forefront: not solely human fulfillment.
Cover Image Credit: google

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It's Time To Thank Your First Roommate

Not the horror story kind of roommate, but the one that was truly awesome.
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Nostalgic feelings have recently caused me to reflect back on my freshman year of college. No other year of my life has been filled with more ups and downs, and highs and lows, than freshman year. Throughout all of the madness, one factor remained constant: my roommate. It is time to thank her for everything. These are only a few of the many reasons to do so, and this goes for roommates everywhere.

You have been through all the college "firsts" together.

If you think about it, your roommate was there through all of your first college experiences. The first day of orientation, wishing you luck on the first days of classes, the first night out, etc. That is something that can never be changed. You will always look back and think, "I remember my first day of college with ____."

You were even each other's first real college friend.

You were even each other's first real college friend.

Months before move-in day, you were already planning out what freshman year would be like. Whether you previously knew each other, met on Facebook, or arranged to meet in person before making any decisions, you made your first real college friend during that process.

SEE ALSO: 18 Signs You're A Little Too Comfortable With Your Best Friends

The transition from high school to college is not easy, but somehow you made it out on the other side.

It is no secret that transitioning from high school to college is difficult. No matter how excited you were to get away from home, reality hit at some point. Although some people are better at adjusting than others, at the times when you were not, your roommate was there to listen. You helped each other out, and made it through together.

Late night talks were never more real.

Remember the first week when we stayed up talking until 2:00 a.m. every night? Late night talks will never be more real than they were freshman year. There was so much to plan for, figure out, and hope for. Your roommate talked, listened, laughed, and cried right there with you until one of you stopped responding because sleep took over.

You saw each other at your absolute lowest.

It was difficult being away from home. It hurt watching relationships end and losing touch with your hometown friends. It was stressful trying to get in the swing of college level classes. Despite all of the above, your roommate saw, listened, and strengthened you.

...but you also saw each other during your highest highs.

After seeing each other during the lows, seeing each other during the highs was such a great feeling. Getting involved on campus, making new friends, and succeeding in classes are only a few of the many ways you have watched each other grow.

There was so much time to bond before the stresses of college would later take over.

Freshman year was not "easy," but looking back on it, it was more manageable than you thought at the time. College only gets busier the more the years go on, which means less free time. Freshman year you went to lunch, dinner, the gym, class, events, and everything else possible together. You had the chance to be each other's go-to before it got tough.

No matter what, you always bounced back to being inseparable.

Phases of not talking or seeing each other because of business and stress would come and go. Even though you physically grew apart, you did not grow apart as friends. When one of you was in a funk, as soon as it was over, you bounced right back. You and your freshman roommate were inseparable.

The "remember that one time, freshman year..." stories never end.

Looking back on freshman year together is one of my favorite times. There are so many stories you have made, which at the time seemed so small, that bring the biggest laughs today. You will always have those stories to share together.

SEE ALSO: 15 Things You Say To Your Roommates Before Going Out

The unspoken rule that no matter how far apart you grow, you are always there for each other.

It is sad to look back and realize everything that has changed since your freshman year days. You started college with a clean slate, and all you really had was each other. Even though you went separate ways, there is an unspoken rule that you are still always there for each other.

Your old dorm room is now filled with two freshmen trying to make it through their first year. They will never know all the memories that you made in that room, and how it used to be your home. You can only hope that they will have the relationship you had together to reflect on in the years to come.


Cover Image Credit: Katie Ward

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The  Symbology Of Flowers: A Guide To The Perfect Spring Bouquet

Find the perfect flower color to radiate good energy in your home!

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The best time of the year is the spring when flowers bloom and soft dew fills the mornings. Buying flowers for your house becomes increasingly tempting as beautiful bouquets pop up around farmers markets and grocery stores, so here is what each flower color means!

Red Flowers

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Red flowers historically symbolize passion. They demand a room's attention and usually are representative of romance, however, red can also symbolize power, respect, and courage. If you are looking to create thing energy in your house, red roses are a great option (although sometimes pricey)!

Blue Flowers

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Blue is a classic symbol of peace and prosperity. To create a serene and open feeling to your home, try buying a bouquet that has hydrangea or cornflowers in it!

White Flowers

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White flowers symbolize humility, innocence, sympathy, and purity. They create a gentleness to any bouquet and can radically bring out the colors of other flowers. Some great white flowers to look for in a bouquet are lilies!

Pink Flowers

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Pink symbolizes happiness and love, whereas red is passion. A mix of red and pink flowers can be the perfect gift to give to a romantic partner. However, they are also a symbol of grace and sweetness. There are a ton of great pink flowers, but some of the best for bouquets are lilies, roses, daisies, tulips, or snapdragons.

Lavender Flowers

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Lavender flowers symbolize elegance, refinement, and youth. Lavender is a great option to have around the house because not only is the coloring bold and beautiful, but it has a great scent!

Orange Flowers

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Orange flowers are bold and passionate. They can add life to any room and put a smile on anyone's face because they radiate excitement. Marigolds, poppies, and strawflowers look great in a vase and brighten the whole atmosphere of a room.

Flowers can definitely be pricey, especially around holidays. Another way to receive the benefits of the energy flowers exert is to plant a garden! This way you are able to have flowers year-round and can cut them to place around your home. Pick a vibe, pick a color, and get going on decorating!

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