'Nightcrawler' Represents Media At Its Most Cynical

'Nightcrawler' Represents Media At Its Most Cynical

Dan Gilroy's "Nightcrawler" is a morally nightmarish take on consumer culture and the dynamics behind media outlets.


Dan Gilroy's "Nightcrawler" is a morally nightmarish take on consumer culture and the dynamics behind media outlets. Jake Gyllenhaal plays "Louis Bloom" a nobody with a business-ethics mindset desperately looking for a job. Bloom then turns to gather media footage, specifically crime scenes, and selling it to local news stations to make some money....although things take a turn when he goes to extreme measures to attain footage. "Nightcrawler" represents media at its most cynical, being at the peak of inhumane media culture.

An overarching theme throughout the entire film revolves around the misuse of ethics in modern-day journalism. Bloom's character tackles an unethical approach to everything if it gathers him a successful business gain. The criteria he bases his ethics and morals are strictly business, things that will benefit him powerfully and economically. Therefore, Bloom could not care less about the story behind any of the crime scenes he filmed. For example, at one crime scene, a dead body is hidden in the dark making it difficult for Bloom to get a good shot. Bloom drags the dead body into the light so he can get a good shot of the body for the cameras. There was a lack of empathy towards the body, all Bloom could think about was getting the right footage to sell rather than the humanity of respecting the dead.

At one point in the movie, Bloom mentions an acronym titled "fear" which stands for "false evidence appearing real," which is basically in a theme of the entire movie. There even is a joke nearing the end of the film where news director, Nina, asks if she can show footage legally then proceeds to say "No morally? Of Course legally" which goes to show the nature of media outlets. They don't have any ethical reasoning for victims, they are just exploiting dead victims as a source of income to please audiences and consumer culture. Entertaining the audience is what matters, evoking emotion in them. Although the people behind the camera, probably just want a paycheck.

This movie paints the bigger picture of how messed up the media is. "Nightcrawler" definitely portrays modern-day media journalism in a negative light. The fact that controversy or graphic footage is used as an advantageous tool for ratings shows that media is basically a game of overstepping boundaries to get the rawest footage. The character Jake Gyllenhaal plays seems to be the embodiment of a media outlet as a human being. With his classic business speech, he's the epitome of a greedy corporation, a walking company of his own.

For example, nearing the end of the movie Bloom shows Nina footage of a car crash and shootout. In that footage the audience can see Bloom's partner dying from multiple gunshots, the screen is in between Nina and Bloom as they gush over how marvelous the footage is without any empathy towards the dead partner. It's a cynical and sociopathic scene on how greedy corporations can be to just make some money. Although with all this cynical behavior, it all works, Bloom is never really wrong about his facts and always gets the job done. Therefore it ponders the question if he's actually doing the right thing by playing the game of media, do people have to go to these drastic measures to be a part of media culture. It's a business game and Bloom is certainly winning.

Throughout the entire film, there is one strategy recurring in all the crime scene journalism and that's sensationalism. Media sensationalism is the use of exciting/shocking stories and language at the expense of accuracy to provoke public reaction/interest. People consume media for multiple reasons, such as being aware of society, topics of discussion, habits and etc. Therefore when a huge headline is published in the media everyone pays attention to it no matter there goal with media consumption. It's almost like advertising for viewers/ratings.

Sensationalism is all over this movie, they even poke at media fabrication when Bloom looks at a mural of Los Angeles and says out loud "Wow it looks so real on TV" implying the artificial world behind the media and its manipulation tactics on viewers. An example of sensationalization would be the staged crime scene nearing the end of the movie, the whole debacle was set-up to be covered on the media. Bloom follows the culprits to a diner just to call the police to stage a shoot-out so he can benefit his footage. Furthermore, Bloom then chases the police and culprits down in his car, still filming, reaching to a climax where he allows his partner to die to get a shot of an innocent civilian being killed in the scene. This entire crime-scene is a tool for sensationalism, as Bloom only functions on audience interest and commercial benefits. Using the dramatics of a chase scene, his partner's death and a shoot-out was all a ploy to get media eye-candy to please and guide consumer demand.

The movie even tackles the topic of censorship, and if censoring specific images really makes a difference on audience impact. In Nightcrawler there's a "horror house" crime scene where Bloom walks into a house filled with dead bodies and documents all of the corpses on camera right after the shooting occurred. Furthermore, Bloom even captures the culprits and there license plate meaning he could easily report this to the police and get those people arrested. Although as the power of media starts to take over Bloom he deletes the evidence so he can stretch this case on to obtain more media coverage as a tactic for ratings. When Bloom presents the footage to Nina, everyone in the room talks about how graphic the scene is and later conclude that they should just censor the more gory images. When the footage goes live, the censorship is merely just the most minimal amount of pixels hovering over injuries and faces of the dead victims.

It ponders the question of the significance of censorship, is it to hide the graphic images out of respect for the dead and law, or is it just another tool to make the media more watchable to consumers. There is a recurring calculating mindset throughout the movie, on how to be the director of your own journalism and lure in an audience with fallacies and headlines. An interesting observation I saw was that every single channel Bloom switched through on his TV was either an advertisement or a news channel, nothing else, showcasing consumer culture at its finest. It goes to show the world we live in and the overwhelming consumerism we abide too. This could even be compared to news outlets/entertainment outlets such as TMZ that parade their viewers inappropriately personal information on celebrities in everyday life. The vicious paparazzi that'll do anything to get some good shots for some money.

Dan Gilroy has created an amazing piece with this film, as he wanted to evoke an audience reaction that attention to sensationalism only supports unethical and inaccurate journalism. "Nightcrawler" is exhibited as a thriller, but it almost feels like a horror movie at times because of Louis Bloom's sociopathic nature. The lack of morality through the main protagonist's choices are uncomfortable and ganders a realization that media can merely be a manipulation of real-life events. It scares the audience about media, makes them questions what's accurate on CNN or how much money is a headshot of the victim's corpse going to make on specific news outlets. These business-like questions start to open up because media is a valid source of income with the expense of human morality/empathy.

"Nightcrawler" displays modern-day media coverage as a negative force in terms of accuracy and the fear of fabrication but is probably a positive force in terms of ratings, viewers, economics, and attention. Moreover, Bloom represents the grandness of capturing absurd and abhorrent footage to sell, as his motivations are almost villainous, which is exhibited on news stations like a completely natural report with nothing tweaked.

The movie does a good job of also portraying the audience to be clueless, as they just watch TV for consumer intake they don't realize the process behind it they just are slaves to the media. Overall, "Nightcrawler" is an impeccable movie that tackles unethical modern-day journalism and media consumption culture at its most extreme.

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The 9 Eras Of Disney Animation

The evolution of Disney animation over the years

As a kid I always loved movies, and no movies did it quite for me like Disney movies did. Whether they were old or new, there was something about Disney movies that just spoke to me. The music the characters, the stories-- they all helped to shape some of my fondest childhood memories and are responsible for many of my interests and beliefs today. But what I always found most interesting is the history behind these films, how the time they came out influenced their themes and meanings. So today I’ll be exploring just that-- the nine eras of Disney animations.

1923-1928: The Silent Era and the Origins of Disney

The history of Disney begins with the Silent Era. In 1923, Walt Disney, working for Laugh-O-Gram studios out of Kansas City, Missouri, created a short film called Alice’s Wonderland, which would serve as the first of the Alice Comedies. After the company declared bankruptcy, Walt moved to Hollywood, where he and his brother Roy formed Disney Brothers Cartoon Studios. They worked out a deal with Winkler Productions to produce the Alice Comedies and eventually, in 1926, moved their company to Hyperion Street, where it was renamed Walt Disney Studios. After the decline of the Alice Comedies, Walt created his first ever original character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, and produced 26 short comedies starring the character before a falling out with Charles Mintz, who had by 1928 taken over Winkler Productions. Legally, Oswald belonged to Mintz and his company, so he took the character and four of Disney’s animators and started a new animation company, Snappy Comedies.

1928-1937: Pre-Golden Age and Mickey Mouse

The Pre-Golden Age saw Walt recovering from the loss of Oswald and also set the stage for Disney as we know it today. In 1928, Walt, in collaboration with Ub Iwerks, created a new character that he originally named Mortimer Mouse. However, his wife didn’t like the name, so he renamed him Mickey (I think we can all agree this name is much better). Mickey made his first appearance in 1928 in a test screening of the short film called Plane Crazy. However, the film failed to pick up a distributor, so Walt went back to the drawing board and created Steamboat Willie, which was released in 1928. The film was an immediate success due to the fact that it was the first cartoon to feature synchronized sound and established Mickey as the mascot of Disney. After this, a series of Mickey Mouse cartoons were released. This series also saw the introduction of many Disney staple characters, such as Minnie Mouse, Pluto, and Goofy. Donald Duck, another iconic Disney character, first appeared in Disney’s Silly Symphonies, a series of animated short films that were popular for their innovative use of Technicolor. With this, Walt had successfully bounced back from the hardships of the Silent Era and set the stage for the Golden Age of Disney.

1937-1942: The Golden Age

The Golden Age of Disney began in 1937 with the release of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The film was the first full-length feature film to use traditional animation and was an immediate commercial success, establishing Disney as one of the leaders of animated filmmaking. Other films that were released during this time include Pinocchio, Fantasia, Dumbo, and Bambi. Although all of these films would go on to become considered classics, at the time of their release only Snow White and Dumbo were commercially successful. What made this time considered the Golden Age wasn’t the commercial success of these films though, but rather the trends they created in terms of Disney filmmaking. Snow White was the first of the fairytale-based movies that Disney is known for and established the “Disney Princesses,” Pinocchio started the concept of taking well-known literature and turning it into a child-friendly film and Bambi explored the possibilities of making a movie through the eyes of a non-human character. Other Disney staples such as exaggerated villains, the use of music and prominent, comedic sidekicks were first introduced during this time as well. Another key characteristic of the films of this time was the inclusion of many dark scenes, which were usually sandwiched between upbeat and light scenes in order to create a mood shift. A similar, toned down version of this techniques would also be used in later films.

1943-1949: The Wartime Era

With the U.S.’s entry into World War II, Disney Studios faced lower budgets and a smaller team of animators as it entered the Wartime Era. Also known as the Package Era, the films of this time included Saludos Amigos, The Three Caballeros, Make Mine Music, Fun and Fancy Free, Melody Time, and The Adventures of Icabod and Mr. Toad. What made these films distinct from the Golden Age films is that instead of telling a single, continuous story, these films consisted of multiple short films within each. These films are largely ignored and widely unpopular, with fans criticizing them due to their lack of consistency and tone in each short. The Wartime Era also Disney Studios producing wartime propaganda, which included anti-Nazi commercials and flyers encouraging Americans to support the war.

1950-1967: The Silver Age and the Death of Walt Disney

Disney’s Silver Age, also known as the Restoration Age saw the return of many of the trends set forth by the Golden Age of Disney. Films released during this time include Cinderella, Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, Lady and the Tramp, Sleeping Beauty, One Hundred and One Dalmatians, The Sword in the Stone, and The Jungle Book. What made these films distinct from its predecessors was the use of more ornate backgrounds and softer colors. Furthermore, the Silver Age also saw the use of lighter themes balanced with more complex characters, creating many of the well-known characters that are still considered fan-favorites today. The Jungle Book was the last film that Walt himself worked on before his death in 1966, and the movie’s release marked the end of the Silver Age

1970-1988: The Dark Age and the Decline of Disney

Hope you guys have a flashlight ‘cos we’re about to enter a dark place, or rather a dark age (see what I did there?). The Dark Age of Disney, also known as the Bronze Age, saw Disney Studios struggle to find their footing without Walt there to hold the reins. This was a time of trial-and-error in which the animators shied away from traditional storytelling tropes seen in the Golden and Silver Ages and instead shifted toward darker and more secular stories. Films released during this time include The Aristocats, Robin Hood, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, The Rescuers, The Fox and the Hound, The Black Cauldron, The Great Mouse Detective, and Oliver and Company. With the exception of The Great Mouse Detective, which was both critically and commercially successful, most of these films only received little success, with The Black Cauldron being a box office flop. These films lacked Walt’s imagination and were criticized for only being intended to bring in money. The greatest criticism of these films was their departure from traditional animation and their use xerography. This saved both time and money, allowing animators to directly print their drawings onto cells. However, this process did have its limits and initially only black lines were possible using this method. As a result, films during this era are known as “Scratchy Films” because of the heavy black lines in their animation. While these films weren’t initially successful upon release, many have gone on to become cult classics. Also, the Disney Dark Age helped set the foundation for the pinnacle of Disney animation

1989-199: The Disney Renaissance and Birth of the Millennials

If you’re a millennial like me, then most of your favorite Disney moments and films likely come from the Disney Renaissance. The Disney Renaissance saw a return to the musical fairy-tale storytelling seen in the Golden and Silver Age while at the same time expanding on many of the themes and techniques introduced in the Bronze Age. Films released during this time include The Little Mermaid, The Rescuers Down Under, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, The Lion King, Pocahontas, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Hercules, Mulan, and Tarzan. These films were also the first films that Howard Ashman and Alan Menken worked on, both of whom are key elements to Disney’s musical success. The films during this time also had many important themes that would influence the current views of millennials; Beauty and the Beast and The Hunchback of Notre Dame taught us not to judge people by their appearances; Mulan and Hercules taught us the importance of making sacrifices; and Aladdin taught us that there’s nothing wrong with being ourselves and that the circumstances of our birth don’t have to dictate who we grow up to be.

2000-2009: Post-Renaissance Era

Also known as the Second Dark Age, the Post-Renaissance Era was unique in that whereas previous eras were marked with having a common theme about them, this era was defined as a time in which Disney tried their hands at new methods in storytelling, similar to the Bronze Age. Films from this time include Fantasia 2000, Dinosaur, The Emperor's New Groove, Atlantis: The Lost Empire, Lilo and Stitch, Treasure Planet, Brother Bear, Home on the Range, Chicken Little, Meet the Robinsons, and Bolt. These films explored new storytelling elements marketed towards kids and more mature themes marketed towards the kids that had grown up during the Disney Renaissance that were now teenagers and young adults. While Lilo and Stitch was a commercial success, spawning several sequels and a T.V. show, most of the other films released during this time only received moderate success. This was in part due to the fact that they also had to contend with huge movie franchises like Harry Potter and Lord of the Rings. Despite not doing as well as their predecessors, the films released during the Second Dark Age are well known for their innovation. Dinosaur was the first Disney film that used CGI animation, which would become a popular element of this era’s successor.

2010-present: Marvel, Star Wars, and the Second Disney Renaissance

Just as a Renaissance followed the first Disney Dark Age, a Second Disney Renaissance followed this Second Dark Age. Also known as the Revival Era, this era marked a return to the fairy-tale storytelling seen in the Gold and Silver Ages as well as the first Disney Renaissance. During this time, Disney bought the rights to Marvel and Lucasfilm, meaning they no longer had to worry about trying to market their films toward older audiences since the MCU and Star Wars did that for them. Films released during this time include Princess and the Frog, Tangled, Winnie the Pooh, Wreck it Ralph, Frozen, and Big Hero 6. Like the first Disney Renaissance, the Second Disney Renaissance built off several things introduced by its predecessor. Tangled, for example, used the CGI techniques first used by Dinosaur. Most of the films of this era have been met with great popularity, with Frozen being the highest grossing animated film of all time and Big Hero 6 being the highest audience-rated film of this time period.

And there you have it, the nine eras of Disney animations. I hope you guys enjoyed reading about the history of Disney and its growth through the years. I personally loved writing this article and look forward to writing more like this one.

Cover Image Credit: Travel and Leisure

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'Avengers Endgame' Has Left A Hole In My Heart

21 movies, 3000 minutes, lots of tears shed, so what happens now?


I have been waiting since 2008 for this finale, and it did not disappoint, considering I've seen it three times now. If you haven't seen "Avengers Endgame" yet, here is your warning for spoilers.


Marvel Studios' Avengers: Endgame - Official Trailer www.youtube.com

We watched as almost everyone came back for a happy ending, yet we had to lose our Iron Man. The movie was full of fun tactics and a tad bit more cussing than usual, but overall gave us the satisfaction that was promised.

We were able to see Thor at his lowest, given he has lost a lot: all his family members, half his city, and he couldn't defeat Thanos. I am glad we were able to see "Thicc Thor," it gave us a chance to see how Thor is not this mighty god all the time, but a being who has his low moments as well.

We saw Iron Man and his chance to finally have a happy ending, even though it ended. I'm glad that we got to see Tony say, "I love you 3000" to his little girl and even get to have that talk with his father. Although I appreciate the Spider-Man and Iron Man reconnect, I feel it was only in the movie to satisfy those who have seen "Avengers Infinity War." I think at his time of death, Spider-Man shouldn't have been there but Mrs. Potts should've. The scene felt rushed and uneventful and I feel they should've given him a tad bit longer.

I do have to say I loved the girls protecting Spider-Man, while it was minimal I do appreciate the #GRLPWR that was demonstrated in the film. When all the girls came together to protect him, I was on the edge of my seat and felt my palms sweating. I can say, though, they probably should've had more of those moments.

I felt exceptionally sad when we lost our beloved Black Widow. I do say that it gave her a lot of character though. It gave her the chance to finally have a family and to fight for something she cared about. Most people will dismiss her death, but we should remember she was the one who never gave up.

I'm not sure what I will do now since this phase is ending, but I plan to spend a tad bit more time creating theories and rewatching influential scenes. Marvel has taught me a lot about family, love, character, and overall being a better person.

Now that "Avengers Endgame" is out, we can prepare for "Spider-Man: Far From Home" Buy your tickets now and enjoy the last of Phase 3 of MCU.

SPIDER-MAN: FAR FROM HOME - Official Trailer www.youtube.com

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