Evidence of Einstein's Theory of Relativity
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Student Life

# Evidence of Einstein's Theory of Relativity

## This happened last year, and it seemed like a great time to reiterate this discovery!

589
NASA

In the midst of the government attempting to censor scientific findings in the United States, I found it a suitable time to remind everyone that Einstein's theory of relativity was proven with substantial evidence last year. This was a groundbreaking discovery, solving the mysteries of the theory that have existed for over 100 years.

So what is the theory or relativity? It is very complex and hard to understand, but I am going to make it as understandable as possible. There are actually two parts to Einstein's theory. They are of Special Relativity and General Relativity. Special Relativity is a theory in physics dealing with the speed of light and the consistency of the laws of physics whether an object is moving or stationary relative (hence relativity) to something else. General Relativity has to do with gravity, acceleration, and spacetime, and how they are all related.

Many people will probably recognize the equation E=mc^2. This equation means that kinetic energy (energy of an object in motion in joules) is equal to the mass of an object (in kilograms) multiplied by the speed of light (3x10^8, or 300,000,000 m/s) squared. Now, the fist part of the theory being discussed has to do with the speed of light, c.

The theory of Special Relativity involves movement and the perception of what is actually moving. How is it that you know you are moving? Movement is entirely decided upon based on a reference frame. If you are flying in a space ship, is the space ship moving through space, or is this ship stationary and space is moving around it? This is entirely dependent upon the reference frame. For the theory to hold true, and the way that most people use it, is that you are the stationary object in the reference frame. Another example of relativity is of moving cars. Pretend that you are driving on the highway, and you are going the speed limit of 65 mph. Another person passes you, driving 75 mph. From your frame of reference in your car, the other car appears to be pulling ahead of you at a speed of 10 mph. From the reference from of a stationary bystander, that car still appears to be moving at 75 mph. Now with light, it doesn't matter if you are the moving or the stationary object in your reference frame, light will always move away from you at 3x10^8 m/s. To make this clear, if the car passing you at 75 mph was light, from your reference frame, the car would appear to be going 75 mph, not 10 mph; see how that works? Unfortunately for Star Wars fans, this is why achieving light speed is never possible. Now, this theory allows for concepts called time dilation and length contraction, but we will not get into those.

The theory of General Relativity has to do with gravity. People are familiar with gravity (hopefully) being the force that pulls you toward the ground. Einstein was able to show that the effects of gravity and acceleration were directly related, and so acceleration toward the ground as a result of gravitational pull, or standard acceleration, is always at a constant 9.8 m/s^2.

Along with this theory, Einstein attempted to prove the theory of a fourth dimension which he called "spacetime" (if you are a Star Trek fan, you will love this). Before this, we were able to explain nature and physics in three dimensions, or 3-D. These dimensions allow you to move side to side (1-dimension), forward and back (2-dimensions), and up and down (3-dimensions). What Einstein proposed was a fourth dimension in space, which is called time. What does this have to do with gravity as discussed before? With the introduction of spacetime, Einstein theorized that gravity was a bending or interruption of this spacetime dimension, resulting in depressions of this sheet-like dimension. For example, if your cat is sitting on a blanket, the blanket nearest and under the cat will depress with the cat's weight. This analogous spacetime equivalent is what Einstein proposed was gravity.

With his theory of gravity being depressions in spacetime, Einstein also proposed that disruptions in spacetime were also possible when two objects in space with massive forces of gravity collided. However, this part of the theory was never proven, until recently that is. In February of 2015, scientists observed, recorded, and documented the sound of two black holes colliding in space. A black hole is a gravitational "hole" (literally a hole, for lack of a better term) with no end in which things can enter, even light, and never escape because of the immensely strong gravitational pull. Two black holes were observed colliding, releasing an audible boom which can only be evidence of the existence of spacetime. Why is this exciting for Star Trek fans? The concept of warp travel in Star Trek has to do with fusion reactions that allow them to manipulate spacetime, and thus travel through space at incredibly fast speeds. With this proof of spacetime, it is theoretically possible to manipulate it, or fold it, so that you travel from one fold to the other, then stretch it out again to go that distance in a smaller amount of time. Whether this is possible or even realistic, I do not have the knowledge or expertise to say, but it would be something.

Now that you understand relativity, you can understand the magnitude of this discovery, and its implications for science and the universe as we know it. The censoring of scientific information can be detrimental, and could hinder scientific discoveries and advancements. It is crucial that we continue to release scientific findings uncensored, and continue to unrevel the mysteries that exist in the natural universe.

Information regarding Einstein's theory of relativity and the evidence thereof was retrieved from https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/page/what-are-gw, http://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativi..., http://www.dartmouth.edu/~kevinhainline/relativity..., and https://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/12/science/ligo-gr...

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## 1. "Mine" by Taylor Swift

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## 2. "The Climb" by Miley Cyrus

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## 3. "Stop And Stare" by OneRepublic

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## 4. "Hallelujah" by Pentatonix

I am not sure why, but every single time I hear this the Pentatonix sing this song, I get the chills. This is technically a remake of the song since they did not write it, but all the different voices really give the song so much power. Although some of the lyrics are a bit odd, this remake of "Hallelujah" gives me major chills.

## 5. "Chasing Cars" by Snow Patrol

Maybe I love this song so much because it is in my all time favorite show, "One Tree Hill" (which you probably already know), but I absolutely love this song when it comes on shuffle. It is definitely a song I NEVER skip.

## 6. "Good Riddance" by Green Day

Whenever I hear this song I feel like I am listening to my parents telling me some sort of life lesson. It always gives me such inspiration whenever I listen to it and reminds me to enjoy life.

## 7. "Drops of Jupiter" by Train

There is nothing better than a good old song by Train. You will never be disappointed by "Drops of Jupiter" when it comes to a feels playlist. Train always hits that soft spot in my heart.

## 8. "Smile" by Uncle Kracker

Is it just me or does this song make you smile? For real though, this song always puts me in the best mood ever. It's positive vibes make me want to roll my windows down and take a nice long drive.

## 9. "Red" by Taylor Swift

I don't know why, but this song takes me back to my middle school days where I would play sad songs and pretend to be going through the "boy problems" Taylor Swift writes about. I vividly remember pulling the lyrics up and pretending to perform this song as if I was the lead singer at a concert.

## 10. "You and I" by Ingrid Michaelson

This song gives me no other feelings than wanting to go dance in a huge field of sunflowers in a white sundress. I couldn't tell you why exactly, but this song makes me feel so dainty and cute.

## 11. "Free Fallin'" by Tom Petty

Although this is the only John Mayer song I know (some would call me a fake fan), this song never fails to hit me in the feels.

Now that you are done reading this, I think it is time to find a spot for these killer feels songs in your playlist that makes you feel some type of way. Hop in a car, roll the windows down and blast these songs. I guarantee they will hit you in the feelings and unleash a bunch of different emotions.

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To the girl with resting b**** face:

If you don’t know who you are, a hint is that people tell you to smile more. And it’s not because you have such a beautiful smile (although you may have), it’s because your other face looks unapproachable. Our faces all say different things, from sadness to anger. Mine tends to say, “I’m arrogant” and it comes with its own host of assumptions. When I don’t smile, people assume the worst about my attitude. When I do smile, some people assume I am doing so out of condescension. It can be a no-win situation and hard to deal with, but there is nothing wrong with me just like there is nothing wrong with you.

Please believe that you are a likable person. I didn’t realize I struggled with resting jerk face (as it is also known) until my first job when coworker peers told me. It was a shock to realize that my face was deterring people, but a relief to realize that it wasn’t my personality.

You are a valuable individual. I know that it’s hard to make friends. I know that people seem uncomfortable when they talk to you, even when you’re matching their expression. As an individual with resting jerk face, your perception of your expression is on a different scale. A good way to test your scale is by pausing in the middle of an activity, decide what you think your expression is and look in the mirror without changing it. You may realize that what you thought was a hearty smile is a slight upturn of the lips, or that a sympathetic look actually says, “How could you think that would work?” It could be that some of your expressions say the exact opposite of what you’re actually thinking.

Over the years, I’ve theorized and tested approaches for accurately expressing myself. Some are horribly awkward and others terribly exhaustive. As a 20-year-old and an introvert, I’ve found that these two techniques generate the best results and are easily sustainable:

1. Tag-team your words and your expression. When you’re feeling sympathetic, say something like, “I’m really sorry this is happening to you,” and when you’re interested in what the other person is saying, a comment like, “This is really interesting; tell me more!” This goes a long way. You’re basically describing your expressions for people, which may sound dumb, but after a few conversations your friends will be able to recognize your expression and accurately read your mood. You do have to keep it up when you meet strangers, but it eventually becomes habit and others will appreciate the clarity. You’ll find that your relationships all around will improve.
2. Think about smiling. Our faces don’t spontaneously smile and so if we don’t think about smiling, we’re often not smiling. Train your mind to react to a pair of eyes by smiling at them. Soon it will become habit, too. I know it’s difficult when they don’t return the gesture (I usually think, “Great, I just wasted my energy on that person. Now I don’t even want to smile to someone who does smile back!”) but remember that they just might have a resting b**** face, too.

Something important to remember is that you can’t win others over every time. I know you can’t always subtly describe your expression to someone and that you’re not always thinking about smiling. You will get discouraged from time to time when a person simply doesn’t respond to your methods, but hang in there. Remember that it is not you. You have a unique personality that others will cherish when they take the time to get to know you. Your smile just lets them know that you won’t bite if they try.

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## 2. Zac Efron

I remember the first time I saw Zac Efron during the premiere of High School Music as he walked into the heart of every girl in America. Over the years, he has given us plenty of movies to love, from Neighbors to 17 Again, but lets face it, HSM will always be number one.

## 3. Kenan and Kel

This show had my heart for so many years. Admit it, you had a thing for the goofy boys from Nickelodeon. Oh, here it goes.

## 4. Drake Bell

From the Amanda Show to Drake and Josh, it was probably safe to call him the King of Nickelodeon for a while. And it probably didn't hurt that he was a musician. Not gonna lie, I saw him in concert when I was ten and my voice hasn't been the same since.

## 5. Jonas Brothers

Okay, it's time to go crazy over some JoBros. Let's take a moment to mourn all of the friendships that were lost fighting over who would marry which Jonas Brother in sixth grade.

## 6. Taran Killam

It may have just been me, but Taran has had my heart since Stuck in the Suburbs. If the day ever comes where he plays/sings on SNL, my heart would probably explode from happiness.

## 7. Devon Werkheiser

Let's face it, Ned got us through school. We all fell in love with Devin Werkheiser for his goofy personality, his quirkiness, and his heart for helping. Thank you to Ned's Declassified for giving my middle school days unrealistic expectations.

## 8. Chad Michael Murray

I fell in love with him as Austin Aimes in A Cinderella Story. I fell harder each time he walked across my screen as Lucas Scott in One Tree Hill. Some girls may have fallen for Nathan, but Chad Michael Murray always held a special place in my heart.

## 9. Taylor Lautner

I am pretty sure my seventh grade year revolved around him. Girls in my class would pass magazines around just looking at pictures of him. My friendship with one of my best friends hasn't been the same since she practically attacked me for a poster of him.

## 10. Ryan Merriman

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## 11. Frankie Muniz

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## 12. Justin Timberlake

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## 13. Aaron Carter

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## 14. Shia LaBeouf

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## 16. Ryan Gosling

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I hope you all enjoyed this little walk down memory lane. Be sure and comment down below letting me know who you were totally crushing on from the 2000s.

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## 20 Things I Learned By The Start of My 20s

### No one expects you to have your life together by the time you're 20, because honestly, they didn't either.

15359
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We are all often faced with many life challenges throughout the time leading up to our 20s. Before this time, and throughout it, we often look back at the things we've learned and how they've influenced who we are as people today. Some of my biggest influences were some of the challenges I've faced, but they've taught me 20 important things by the start of my 20s.

## 1. Believe that every situation you're put in is there to teach you a lesson and help you grow.

The situation may not be ideal and may hurt, but it is still going to teach you something you never knew before. You'll learn many life lessons when you are put into tough situations. You learn to grow as a person and learn more about yourself. You don't always see the good in these situations at first and you constantly over think them, but in the end you'll realize the bigger picture and realize how much of a better person you are because of it.

## 2. Dream big. Really big.

Don’t think you can’t succeed if you create dreams too big for yourself. How do you expect to achieve your biggest goals if you sell yourself short every time? Dream big, give yourself something to work for and be proud of yourself when you finally accomplish those dreams.

## 3. Get involved with whatever you can.

Take every opportunity given to you. Get involved in many organizations; each one has their own leadership opportunities to help you, too. Join an organization maybe you thought you never would and learn more about what they do and what they stand for. It may help you grow in ways you never imagined and allows you to learn about things you may have been blind to before.

## 4. Be a hard worker, but don’t wear yourself too thin.

We all think working hard and doing everything we can is our human nature. It’s important to work hard and gain a good work ethic, but don’t exhaust yourself while trying to do it. Taking on every leadership role may look good, but when you try to give 100 percent to each one, you’ll wear yourself too thin. Work hard, give your all to small things, and take on new roles as you adapt to the others.

## 5. There’s a reason for every person you cross paths with.

Even if it’s just in passing. That one kid who smiled at you when you were having a bad day? He was put there for a reason. The person you were in a relationship with for two years, but it ended badly? His time with you had a reason. Each person you encounter, whether it’s for a split second or for the rest of your life, has a reason for being there. You may not understand the reason right away, but one day, it will make sense.

## 6. Make sure your passions reflect your career choice.

You don’t want to live the rest of your life unhappy, and you’re more than likely going to have to work almost every day for the rest of your life. Make sure you’re doing something you love to do and that you’re passionate about. Money is only paper, your happiness is so much more important.

## 7. Relationships shouldn’t be stressful.

Sure, they take time, but you shouldn’t be constantly worrying over them and questioning whether things are okay. A relationship is supposed to be loving and happy, not stressful. If any relationship is making you feel overwhelmed or unhappy, it’s not worth it.

## 8. Try new things outside of your comfort zone.

Go out and try a new restaurant with food from a different culture, go on a hike somewhere you’ve never been, talk to people you wouldn’t normally talk to. Try new things and meet new people outside of your comfort zone. It helps you grow and become a more diverse person.

## 9. Give back to your community.

They gave you so much in your time of getting here, so give back to them while you can. You don’t have to just give money, but by doing things like volunteering to help in a local park or helping with fundraising for the children still in that town. Constantly showing support for your community and volunteering is enough to give back to your community.

## 10. Don’t settle.

For anything. Don’t settle for a boy just because you need someone. Don’t settle for anything less than your biggest dreams (just use the opportunities as stepping stones to get you there). Don’t settle. You deserve so much more than that. You deserve to have everything you’ve ever wanted, and don’t sell yourself short by just settling for things because it seems convenient.

## 11. Do random acts of kindness.

Buy the person’s coffee behind you on a Monday morning, buy a young family’s breakfast for them, or smile at a stranger. Do random acts of kindness without even thinking and pay it forward. Such small actions can go a long way and make someone’s day that much better, plus, you feel pretty good afterward, too.

## 12. Whoever you consider family, keep them first and remind them of their importance.

They’ve been there through the good and bad times, and no matter who they are, you consider them family. Don’t forget what all they’ve helped you through and make sure they are a priority in your life. Let them know how much they mean to you, because we aren’t always guaranteed another chance to.

## 13. Do things for yourself.

Eat a salad for dinner after a hard workout or get super dressed up just to take yourself to dinner. Do things for yourself and to make yourself feel good. It’s not always about impressing others, it’s about feeling good in your skin. When you do things for yourself every once and a while, you start to realize just how good it feels when you do.

## 14. Meet new people, lots of different people.

Start talking to strangers and ask them millions of different questions to get to know them better. Where they are from, what their favorite food is, what they like to do, etc. It’s important to meet lots of people and establish connections, but it’s even better to branch out and know a variety of different people. You learn so much more when you expand and know tons of different people.

## 15. Don’t forget your roots.

Yeah, you hate high school and everything about it. You feel like your hometown has nothing left for you, but don’t forget that it’s still your home and where you came from. It gave you all of your first experiences and helped form you into the person you are today (whether you want to admit it or not).

## 16. Listen to your parents’ advice.

They’ve been in your shoes and they’ve lived it before. They know it’s what you don’t want to hear, but they know what’s best for you (P.S. they also want what’s best for you). Believe them when they say this won’t matter years from now, or you deserve someone who treats you better, because truth is, they’ve lived a similar experience and they’re probably right.

## 17. Let go of the past, live in the present, and embrace the future.

The past can still hurt sometimes, but that’s all it is… the past. It’s memories and lessons learned. The present is the now, and live it to its fullest before it becomes the past, but embrace the future and all it has to offer. Don’t get so caught up in the future that you forget about what’s happening how, but anticipate it and use the present to prepare yourself for the future.

## 18. You’re happiness is the most important thing.

It trumps all. Everything you do should make you happy. You’re happiness is most important. Forget what others think and do what makes you happy.

## 19. Learn to love yourself and embrace it.

Be proud of who you are and where you've been, and be sure to let people know that. The person you've become and all the things you've been through have made you into the beautiful and strong person you are today. The world should know you love yourself and are passionate about certain things. Just love who you are. You can't be someone until you are yourself.

## 20. Know that it’s okay to not have your life together by 20, because in all honesty, you’ll probably never fully will.

You're constantly growing and learning new things. This is helping you become a better person and take on new experiences. No one expects you to have your life together by the time you're 20, because honestly, they didn't either. Set high standards and goals and fight through the highs and lows to get where you want to and should be. And who knows, maybe by that time, you might have your life together.

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