United Federal Republic

United Federal Republic

What Will Come After The Collapse Of The American Empire?
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The question of what comes after an empire collapses is hard to say for any age; and in the era of technology that our modern civilization utilizes, the question of civilization collapse is one of total collapse. There are no new lands to escape to and reinvigorate ourselves out of collapse like the Europeans did to escape their dark age via the Renaissance. As a product of that initial Renaissance, the United States is especially vulnerable to collapse given its cities and infrastructure are only a few centuries old; in comparison to European Infrastructure that were already aged by several millennia. For the sake of this article, we will proceed with the premise that the US is able to avoid collapsing in a total manner. The collapse of the United States administrative apparatuses is the first main challenge to overcome.

Re-federalization (and a transitional system)

The UFR proposes a re-federalization of the United States to be on the basis of municipal, local, and community representation of every city, town, and settlement. It also seeks to provide legitimacy within the new federal structure for all US territories and First Nations/Tribes. This can be created with an expanded Conference of Mayors with the District of Columbia, the territories and First Nations/Tribes included in Federal representation as a transitional Congress. An evolving structure based on municipal representation would form as the new central Federal government; allowing for the communities of the country to be represented on the national stage. The need for actual states and state apparatuses would become obsolete, and therefore will allow for the abolition of the 50 states of the union and the territorial administrations.

4 Pillars of the United Federal Republic

The United Federal Republic is made up of 4 structural, systematic mechanisms that provide a checks and balances system as a civilization designed to evolve. Direct Democracy for political elections of local and federal positions and a democratization of the economy is the First Pillar. The re-federalization of the US is the Second Pillar. A Meritocratic and Technocratic Department system are the Third and Fourth Pillars and act as a means of organizing all professionals into structures that can allow for cooperation and collaboration to achieve more in quicker time frames, effectively and efficiently; while also retaining autonomy to an extent that individual healthy competition is able to occur without repercussions on the greater civilization from personal drama.

Second Bill of Rights and a new Social Contract

Next would be reconstructing the Social Contract of civilization. To accomplish this goal, the UFR proposes a Second Bill of Rights consisting of the right to food, water, energy, infrastructure, knowledge, and productive abilities. Towards the goal of food, transitioning away from centralized production which relies on a large networked distribution system; decentralized and localize production via methods like skyscraper green houses, community gardens, individual Gardens/green houses, among many other manners of phasing out traditional agriculture. Phasing out agriculture, in addition to ending things like industrial meat farming, hydraulic fracking, etc will relinquish most of the water predetermined to be expended in those industries; and reallocating them towards actual human needs of water necessity. Additionally, desalinization in all areas possible is needed too. To provide for energy, areas like solar, wind, hydroelectric, tidal, geothermal, and even alternative nuclear sources like deuterium and thorium can provide 100% renewable energy for the entire human species. Infrastructure in all its forms whether transportation, communication, housing, medical care, education, etc. all fall under the auspice of the right to infrastructure. Mass public works projects will have to be instigated in order to update practically the entire infrastructure of the United States, and elsewhere; for a more 21st-century and beyond capability. Knowledge is the fifth right, designating all knowledge within a mass repository as the end goal for compiling information in a manner that is distributable and open source to the entire human species. The right to knowledge will also allow for a complete restructuring of compartmentalization and the entire security state of the United States, providing a situation in which mass disclosure and reassessment of the entire classification system for declassifying the massive amounts of information compiled over time. Lastly the right of productive abilities is the final right of the United Federal Republic in its proposed Second Bill of Rights. This can be seen in a long term full automation goal for economics, in addition to the immediate full unionization and full employment of the population. And more importantly, the need for providing every individual, and every community, self productive abilities such as 3-D/4-D printers; which if connected to a mass Internet of things that is open sourced with all intellectual property, would allow for the self production of all products to remain in the hands of the individual rather than some artificial construct like a corporation or business. Such a system would allow for innovation and customization to a far greater extent given the self production aspect; and it would also place economic theories such as capitalism into complete obsolescence. Given the nature of self production in relationship to Capitalism removes the concept of a boss-worker, but also the entire construct of privatized economies and structures like corporations become useless when all products are accessible to the individual.

The last aspect of a new Social Contract that the United Federal Republic civilization would rely on would be the processing of the United States civilization at all aspects. All levels of government, all corporations, all financial institutions, religious institutions, social institutions, etc. would need to be assessed in the same way the Nuremberg Trials proceeded at the end of World War II. The necessity of such a trial is to fully assess and put in the question the notion of "just following my beliefs" in the same way the original Nuremberg trial put to the test "just following my orders". This trial would also provide an opportunity for creating a new Rule of Law that overall phases out property rights and the structures and legal systems of the United States revolving around the protection of property; given the new Social Contract with the Second Bill of Rights makes such laws obsolete.

Such a trial would inevitably expose a far greater system of analysis that potentially would expand the globe. The trial would oversee dismantling things such as the petrodollar as an institutional order of global financial hegemony; in addition to the 1318 transnational corporations that control 80% of global revenue and essentially form an economic core in the Global Economy (as exposed by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology's October 2011 "Survey on the global financial system"). Within this economic core exists a network of extremely interconnected and Co-owned super-entity made up of 147 multinational corporations; with roughly 60% of the score controlled by the super-entity. Many of the corporations in the core are American, and would therefore fall under the jurisdiction of the trial.

What is the eventual outcome of all this; rather than simply being in the United Federal Republic, could it be perhaps a structure that forms into the Global Federal Republic? The basis of the UFR is adoptable in any community, perhaps as the human species starts to witness the rise of the United Federal Republic the world will join in the momentum.

Cover Image Credit: Maps Of USA

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8 Books That Should Be 'Accidentally' Shipped To Donald Trump

As comical as it is to see Trump in distress from this harmless delivery mistake, It made me think of some other books that should be mistakenly shipped to the White House.
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Earlier this week, I was sent an interesting article about the latest White House drama. It seemed that Amazon had accidentally shipped 10,000, yes you read that correctly, 10,000 copies of James Comey’s new book to the White House.

For those of you who do not know, James Comey is the former director of the FBI. He was fired while working with the Trump administration and it is fair to say that Trump and Comey definitely don’t have the best relationship. So when 10,000 copies of James Comey’s book showed up on Trumps’ doorstep, he was far from thrilled.

As comical as it is to see Trump in distress from this harmless delivery mistake, it made me think of some other books that should be mistakenly shipped to the White House.

1. "10% Happier" by Dan Harris

This book teaches mindfulness. A beginner's favorite, it gives great insight into the physical benefits of mindfulness. In today's non-stop culture, we are constantly surrounded by stresses and are often unable to relax. Maybe Trump could benefit from taking a few minutes off twitter to enjoy meditation.

2. "How To Win Friends and Influence People" by Dale Carnegie

This classic novel gives insight into forming and improving the relationships in life. It gives the reader the tools to be successful and happy in all types of situations. Maybe Trump could boost his approval rating from its all-time low if he knew how to get people to like him!

3. "You Are a Badass" by Jen Sincero

“By the end of You Are a Badass, you'll understand why you are how you are, how to love what you can't change, how to change what you don't love, and how to use The Force to kick some serious ass” (Good Reads).

This book is filled with humor to lighten the serious issues the reader may be dealing with. The inspiration to be your best self is a reoccurring theme throughout the novel. Maybe Trump will find his best self, maybe not, but we can only hope!

4. "The Secret" by Rhonda Byrne

Another iconic self-help book focusing on the law of attraction. The law of attraction is the idea of putting positive ideas and vibes into the universe in order to change the world and achieve what you want. Let’s hope and pray the Trump administration starts putting out some positive vibes and in the meantime, let’s put out good vibes on their behalf.

5. "The Power of Now: A Guide to Spiritual Enlightenment" by Eckhart Tolle

This relatively short read aims to provide the reader with a spiritual enlightenment. It stresses living in the present and not the past or future. I think Trump could greatly benefit from this novel. Maybe he would be able to own up to the acts of his past and move forward to focus on real issues!

6. "Be Vigilant But Not Afraid: The Farewell Speeches of Barack Obama and Michelle Obama" by Former President Barack Obama and Former First Lady Michelle Obama

I think the title speaks for itself on this one! If you purchase this book on Amazon for $9.00, the proceeds will be donated to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), donorschoose.org, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Three organizations I’m sure the Trump administration has yet to fund!

7. "Conflict Free Living: How To Build Healthy Relationships For Life" by Joyce Meyer

Besides Trump's questionable foreign relationships, his personal relationships don’t exactly seem to be all that well. There have been multiple speculations of his wife, Melania Trump, not sleeping in the same room as her husband as well as many other questions on the state of their marriage. This read might just be able to fix that!

8. "Milk and Honey" by Rupi Kaur

The most infamous VSCO posts of all time: any poem by Rupi Kaur. The book contains four chapters that bring the reader through four hard ships in life and finds the happiness in them. Besides appealing to women ages 15 to 25, Trump would really be forced into the emotional journey that is this book of poems.


Each of these books are filled with self-help, inspiration, and positivity. I truly believe that Donald Trump could learn a lot from a quick read but I also know these books have the ability to influence and help anyone and everyone! So next time your sad about the latest politcial drama, curl up, grab a book and stay positive!

Cover Image Credit: Emily Sullivan

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To Live On $5 A Day

You couldn't be poor if you tried
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Each day, I wake up in a bed that costs me $3,470 to sleep in. I swipe into a dining hall to eat breakfast, later to eat lunch, finally to eat dinner, each swipe deducting $18 from not my own but my parents' wallet. Each day, I attend two or three classes, valued at another approximately $250 per class, per day. I also have a cellphone, a laptop, a television, a microwave, and a refrigerator. Three days a week, I head to work, where I pay $5 to use public transportation to commute to and from the South End. I wear a $300 winter coat, $150 boots, and a $75 backpack carrying no burden of uncertainty or stress on my shoulders, as I will likely never be able to imagine, let alone live, a day that truly costs less than $5. A day that, in other terms, costs less than the price of the mere transportation I take in order to earn a wage; an entire day that must cost a person less money than it takes for me to make money.

In my Globalization and International Affairs class, we were tasked with the challenge to live on less than $5 a day for two days. Approximately 3 billion people in our world live on less than $2 a day, a notable third of whom live on less than $1 a day. Admittedly, I did not even attempt to complete the challenge to emulate this lifestyle of billions, for it was immediately evident that even my best attempt would only mean the elimination of my comparative luxuries and would in no way actually emulate the reality of a true $5-a-day existence. For example, if I were to attempt this lifestyle to the best of my ability, it would start with the elimination of everything listed above that constitutes what I would deem to be even my most minimal and requisite daily routine. In addition to the obvious riddance of anything remotely lavish that has become normalized in my life (Sunday brunches, piano lessons, trips to the MFA, shopping on Newbury), I would also bid farewell to the luxuries that have developed into perceived necessities, like my phone, my laptop, my shoes, or my bed. Further, I would not attend any classes and would have to leave thirty minutes earlier than normal in order to walk to work; I would walk without my warm winter clothes and hungry from the lack of my dining hall dinner, and would later come home to nothing other than maybe a vacant alley or a grassy patch in the Fens instead of my only relatively appealing triple economy dorm room.

Though, even if I successfully did all of those things and proceeded to live two entire days without spending a penny (which would be another challenge in and of itself), I still would be living a daily lifestyle valued extraordinarily higher than $5. For, even if all bells and whistles were to be stripped away, I would remain societally integrated and knowledgeable of the world around me, capable of writing and speaking coherently, healthy and with access to clean water, the daughter to two economically stable parents of whom I am dependent, as well as a citizen of the United States of America, ultimately making me immeasurably more rich than nearly half of the world’s population based on these inherent privileges alone.

This rationale alludes to the more deeply-rooted problems that cause one to live in poverty, as true poverty is so much more than just a given individual’s lack of luxuries, expenditures, or even a place to sleep. I would argue that the worst of the problems of poverty are not the consequences endured in individual circumstances, but rather the larger, structural deficiencies that those individual experiences indicate. We tend to readily envision experiences of poverty in familiar terms as the lives of “the urban poor”− the experience of the homeless man pacing the T car and probing us for spare change, for instance. However, this assumption paints a limited picture, offering a wildly limited understanding of global poverty as, of the 1.1 billion people who live on less than $1 per day worldwide, 70% are small-scale rural farmers and people suffering in areas sufficiently less developed or integrated than that of the urban poor.

In this way, “the urban poor” face a type of poverty that is much different, arguably richer, than that of the rural poor. Though the lives of poor city-dwellers indeed indicate a lack of financial security unimaginable to the likes of me (yet, likely still a type of poverty that I would be able to emulate had I attempted to), the lives of the poorest of the poor represent a stagnating lack of any existing opportunity to even earn such income − a reality I could never emulate as a citizen of such an impressively developed nation. For, the true problem faced by the poorest countries of the world is not evidenced in a given person’s poverty or even unemployment, but rather in the overarching lack of industry, international relations, and stable economy in the country that houses such persons.

Largely concentrated in Africa and Central Asia, these countries that are struggling to develop are such that "coexist with the twenty-first century, yet their reality is the fourteenth century: civil war, plague, ignorance." This means that while a good number of countries are prosperous or have become so, countries that remain in the “bottom billion” in terms of development have been trapped by impoverishing consequences of bad governance, a lack of resources, and conflict. And, although it is not impossible for a country to eventually escape from these traps, it is incredibly difficult. Further, it becomes crucial to consider that, just like it should not be expected for these bottom billion countries to readily escape their complexly debilitating traps, we should not find ourselves expecting that of the individual people who are caught suffering the traps’ consequences.

To understand poverty as an upshot of these larger constructs may sound like an obvious or even natural exercise of awareness, yet the impression that the poor choose their fate maintains − in politics, public policy, and even our own subconscious. As stated by Kofi Annan, secretary general of the United Nations, "most poor people know that they are quite capable of earning their living by their own efforts, and are eager to do so. But they must be given a fair chance to compete." This chance to compete, to develop, to support oneself, however, is all but imagined for the impoverished in countries like Mozambique, Niger, Guinea, or Liberia (to name a few), where the severe lack of a developed let alone stable economy on a national level hinders opportunities to foster any form of self-sufficiency on an individual level. Not only are the rural poor hindered economically but also communicatively, as the rural farmer’s primary contact with the outside world comes when he or she happens upon a newspaper, exemplifying limited access to markets or information − riches of knowledge that the wealthy, even the urban poor, may take for granted.

I would argue that we can learn the most from a challenge like this, to live on $5 a day for two days, through the choice not to complete it. Though eliminating extraneous luxuries would rightfully force me to be aware of the often unrecognized or unappreciated opulence of my lifestyle, this practice only works to compare myself with the urban poor, arguably the richest of the world’s poor. In no way do I intend to belittle the immense hardships that the urban poor face in our own communities, right at our feet as we make our morning commutes; however, it is important to also recognize the complex poverties of knowledge, access, integration, stability, safety, leadership, opportunity, and economy that so many of the world’s poorest, the “bottom billion,” face − poverties that far exceed the amount of money in one’s pocket.

What does it mean to live on less than $5 a day? I have no idea; it is a colossally inconceivable feat, as the value and structure of the country I live within already sets my standard of living at an exceedingly higher worth than the life of someone who truly lives on less than $5. To those people, “those people” being none other than constituents of half of the world’s population, to live on less than $5 does not just mean the absence of an iPhone or laptop, it means absolutely no communication with or conception of the outside world. It does not mean being forced to take a longer commute to work each day, it means walking for miles along a dirt road in search of work opportunities that do not exist. Most importantly, to those who live on $5 a day, this lifestyle is not a challenge they can accept or decline, like I have; rather it is their life, and the task to live life is their inevitable challenge.

Cover Image Credit: Karthikeyan K

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