If We Don't Start Caring About The Bumblebee Population Soon, They Will Become Extinct

If We Don't Start Caring About The Bumblebee Population Soon, They Will Become Extinct

We need to be aware of the dangers of environmental degradation threatening key species, whose downfall threatens our very existence.

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Well, it's official.

Bumblebees, specifically the rusty patch bumble bee, have been added to the endangered species list. They are now a part of a long list of other endangered species including seas turtles, rhinos, gorillas along with about 700 other species on the list. It's also the first bee of any type in the continental U.S. to be placed on the list.

Bumblebees are usually large, fuzzy insects with short and stubby wings and play a very important role in pollination. In short, without them, food would not grow. Just to put it into perspective, close to 345 species of bees that are native to both North America and Hawaii are teetering on the brink of extinction.

Because of this specific bee's tolerance to the cold weather, it flies in both cold and warm weather which makes it able to pollinate so many different species of plants. Their ability to be in the cold means that they are active most of the year and are responsible for about 1/3 of our food supply.

Without this bee, we would be endangering tons of plants that depend on its pollination of them to survive. In fact, the survival of a colony depends on the continuous supply of flowering plants from early spring through fall, undisturbed nest sites near those flowering plants, and overwintering sites for the next year's queens.

It's not just the rusty-patched bumblebee that is struggling in the U.S. Other species have experienced dramatic declines in recent decades.

So why list it (and other bees) as endangered now?

At one time, this species was very abundant and widespread across the US and Canada. Now though, the bee's currently only able to be found in 55 counties in 13 states and one province and are still declining. According to the US Fish & Wildlife Service, in accordance with the loss of populations, the geographic distribution markedly decreased in the last 20 years.

When determining the cause of the bees decline, there are many factors.

A disease (a parasitic fungus called Nosema bombi ) that was originally in commercially-bred bees and spread to wild bees.

Pesticides, mainly those used in agricultural and urban areas, thereby exposing bees to harmful chemicals. For example, neonicotinoids are a class of insecticides used to target pests of agricultural crops, forests, turf, gardens, and pets. They were strongly implicated as the cause of the decline of bees, in general, and for rusty patched bumble bees, specifically.

As well as habitat loss/degradation and climate change.

In short, it took way to long to officially be categorized as an endangered species.

Which is why, when it finally was, many environmental organizations praised the act. Their fight for it had been a long time coming.

And delisting them would not only be counterproductive but it would counteract a lot of work that has gone into preserving them.

Want to help the bumblebees? Some of the ways you, as an individual, can do this are by growing a garden or adding a native flowering tree or shrub to yards, and minimizing pesticide use.

Bees do a lot for humans and other species, it's time we start caring about them.

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Are Plastic Straws Really Killing Sea Turtles?

It's no secret that plastic isn't great for the environment, but how sensationalized is this topic actually becoming?

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When I first saw a video of a sea turtle getting a plastic drinking straw removed from its nostril, I was obviously upset like any other viewer would be. I care a lot about the environment and about animal life and it was upsetting to see that a product of human consumption and ignorant waste was destroying precious parts of our world. I wholeheartedly jumped on the bandwagon of "plastic straws kill sea turtles!!!" but only knew about the issue from this video and what I heard from people or saw on social media. The whole topic of plastic waste into the ocean remained in the back of my mind until the recent pledge of Starbucks to stop using plastic straws in stores by 2020 reminded me of the issue.

As the topic of plastics and their pollution of the environment (largely the oceans) has become so recently powerful I decided to do some research of my own. If I was going to tell people to stop using plastic straws because they were killing sea turtles, I wanted to be sure that I wasn't just repeating everything I heard from social media.

Turns out, plastic straws are hurting sea turtles and other marine life, but a lot of what I thought about plastic waste was exaggerated (at least from what I had heard from others). Sea birds are the most impacted creature by plastic straws, not sea turtles. About 1 million or more seabirds die every year from ingesting plastic straws and choking on them. In research from recent scientific studies, 80-90% of seabirds have some kind of plastic inside of their stomachs. Also, the ecological footprint that plastic straws alone leave on the planet is actually pretty small compared to food waste or fossil fuels.

However, all the buzz about sea turtles may come from the fact that globally 86% of sea turtle species are known to be affected by plastic debris. Overwhelming amounts of plastic garbage in the ocean have caused a steady decline of the leatherback sea turtle over the past several years, so much that they have been placed on the endangered species list. Plastics can hinder eating and consumption, breathing abilities, and even reproductive capabilities of all kinds of sea turtles.

So while plastic straws may not be killing sea turtles in hordes, they are killing sea birds, and plastic overall have caused huge and deadly effects to many sealife species. We have known that plastic is bad for the environment and the oceans for quite a while, given the fact that the Great Garbage Patch was discovered almost 20 years ago, so it's more than time to start caring about the problem. If we can eliminate single-use plastic straws that aren't biodegradable, we can stop using other single-use plastics and make a better effort to reduce our harmful impacts on the oceans. Individually, we can move towards small changes, which can move our society to a more sustainable and healthy place. If you are more interested in this topic, I would suggest reading about how you can make a change or looking at this article and checking out this scientific journal.

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Vinicius Amano

@viniciusamano

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We Need To Get Over Our Fear Of Science Before It Kills Us

Lives are lost when we fear instead of think.

vdurgin
vdurgin
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Anti-vaxxers. Climate deniers.

They are all the butt of internet jokes and memes. They are the focus of (too) many news stories and TV reports.

And their ignorance is going to kill people.

Yes, I said it. People who outright deny the scientifically-proven, data-measured reality that is climate change are either influencing the decisions of politicians or are themselves politicians working to hinder any policy that addresses the global crisis.

From not transitioning to clean energy to removing the United States from international accords and everything in between, climate deniers are setting America further down a path that will only exacerbate our climate problems and lead to a very different planet for future generations.

The refusal of vaccinations is already wreaking havoc across America. Twelve states currently face a measles outbreak. An unvaccinated boy nearly died of tetanus in Oregon.

Disease outbreaks, especially outbreaks of illnesses thought to be eradicated in the U.S., are more common now than they have been in decades.

It is the 21st century and one of the most developed and wealthiest countries in the world is facing diseases it worked tirelessly to never deal with again.

Why?

And why is it still considered "okay" to deny climate science?

Because we are afraid. We are especially afraid of things we do not understand.

For many people, science is one of those things we don't understand.

People without a background in science might look at climate reports and not understand a single thing other than the fact that the world is seemingly going to end. Or maybe the only thing they can take away from wordy, technical reports is that we need to completely change every facet of society in order to avoid something 50 years away.

If there is one thing people fear as much as they fear what they do not know, it is change. The future also tends to scare people a lot.

The refusal to vaccinate children also stems partially out of a fear of science. When one report debuts about how vaccines cause autism, the public panics. Why?

Because many people don't understand how vaccines truly work, and we fear what we do not understand.

Now that fear has embedded itself within the minds of too many people, it is hard to explain how vaccines work, and how beneficial they are to society.

Which means our fight to protect the country from previously-gone diseases is really just beginning.

It also means our fight to save the planet from destruction isn't going anyway any time soon, either.

So, this also all means science education needs to exist before college. It isn't enough to have members of society trained as engineers or chemists or environmental scientists or doctors.

It is possible to teach climate science and the basics of how vaccines work, among many other scientific inquiries, in K-12 education. We should learn about our planet and our health from the time we learn about our times tables and our history.

The only defense against ignorance is education.

The only way to combat the societal fear surrounding science is to create a society that is educated enough to not fear the science in the first place.

We need to kill this fear before the fear kills us.

vdurgin
vdurgin

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