The Method Vs. The System: An Actor's Options
Start writing a post

The Method Vs. The System: An Actor's Options

Some insight into the techniques and tools of modern theatre.

The Method Vs. The System: An Actor's Options

At about this time, each year, thespians of all ages are entering their first days of school. Whether you have preconceived notions of a certain acting technique, you are still likely to be exposed to it in class, even if you hate it.

Firstly, it's good for an actor to know what techniques are out there and available. Even if a particular method does not work for you, it works for someone else out there, perhaps someone with whom you may have to work during your career, and it is good for you to understand how your fellow cast-mates like to work.

If you are going to school with little to no background knowledge of the various acting practices out there, that's okay too. All you should do at this point is to keep an open mind about what you are learning. Try some of everything to see what works for you. A good drama school should supply you with a plethora of options: Stanislavsky, Meisner, Adler, Strasberg, Uta Hagen, RSC, Commedia Dell'Arte, Arthur Lessac, and the list goes on.

Now, in the theatre world, there is a great schism between Lee Strasberg's "Method" and Constantin Stanislavsky's "system." Some actors mix them up and confuse them for each other or the same, and some actors strongly favor one over the other, seemingly loathing those who practice the opposite technique.

Personally, I believe that whatever works best for an actor is what should be used, but I do not believe that they are "equally affective," for lack of better words.

Here's some background information, for those who are not familiar with the two techniques: Stanislavsky, as the Father of Modern Acting, introduced some of the first techniques for actors to learn how to act. One of his methods included something called affective memory, which has since been molded and morphed into the terms "emotion[al] memory" and "emotional recall." In this practice, actors use a repertoire of their personal memories to evoke their character's emotions, like being so moved that they need to produce tears. Strasberg adopted this, and many other, techniques from Stanislavsky. Unfortunately, because affective memory requires an actor to constantly be reminded of their past, in often negative ways, the mental hygiene of an actor who practiced it worsened. Furthermore, the technique distracts the actor out of the scene and into his personal life. In the end, Stanislavsky decided to drop affective memory from his teachings, but when Strasberg learned of this, he decided to continue it as part of his school, the Actor's Studio.

My recommendation is to begin with Stanislavsky's system. He sought to find the very basics of an actor's approach to a character and stage performance, breaking it down into four parts: relaxation, concentration, communion, and commitment. His focus was using action to drive the natural responses of an actor, so when in a scene, the actor should push for an outward sense of observation, finding more concern in trying to understand his scene partners and surroundings than on his own character's thoughts and emotional reactions. Stanislavsky's main goal was to achieve a system that would produce genuine and natural performances.

If you are one who prefers to have a planed performance, down to the very detail of thoughts and actions, then you may want to try Strasberg's Method. His goal was to produce a method of acting that would produce repeatable and consistent performances. His focus was on an actor's awareness of self and on his character's development, which is how some actors became famous for living their roles. That's not to say that astounding performances have not come from these Method Actors, but they do have a reputation for going to the extremes to prepare for their roles, including unnecessarily risking their health. Some actors argue that much of their work is unnecessary for preparing their role; I mean, did Mr. Day-Lewis really need to build the set in order to play Mr. Proctor in The Crucible? That's not to say that astounding performances have not come from these Method Actors, but they do have a reputation for going to the extremes to prepare for their roles, including unnecessarily risking their health. Even so, not all Method Actors need to use affective memory or the other health-hazardous techniques. Strasberg, branching off from Stanislavsky's teachings, also adopted relaxation and concentration. His bit on action differed from Stanislavsky's, though, in that it focused on the actor's sense of reality and his reactions to that reality.

Again, every actor should just pick and choose what pieces of the various techniques work best for him. These two techniques are simply two of the most widely known and most commonly practiced techniques. Be warned, though, that are some very strong advocates both for and against Strasberg's Method.

No technique may be deemed right, nor may it be deemed wrong. It is simply a taste of preference, and thankfully there are dozens of other techniques out there to supplement the teachings of both Stanislavsky and Strasberg and hone your talents.

Report this Content
This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

5 Different Religions And Their Unique Christmas Celebrations

From Hanukkah Lights to Nativity Scenes: 5 Faiths' Unique Takes on the Christmas Spirit

Christmas traditions

The Holidays are a time for being with friends and family and celebrating the birth of Christ, but sometimes we forget to acknowledge the other religions and what they celebrate. Some religions like the Islam do not even celebrate Christmas and then you have others, the Buddhists, who use the holiday to practice their religion of spreading peace and goodwill. In no particular order, I would like to demonstrate a little culture about the ways Christmas is celebrated or is not celebrated throughout five different religions.

Keep Reading...Show less

12 Reasons Why I Love Christmas

What's Not To Love? But These Reasons Are Why Christmas Is Best

Young woman with open arms enjoying the snow on a street decorated with Christmas lights.

There are so many reasons why I love the Christmas time! Check out the joy that makes this time of year truly special, from festive traditions to heartwarming moments. Enjoy!

Keep Reading...Show less

A Beginner's Wine Appreciation Course

While I most certainly do not know everything, I feel like I know more than the average 21-year-old about vino, so I wrote this beginner's wine appreciate course to help YOU navigate the wine world and drink like a pro.

White wine being poured into a glass

Keep Reading...Show less
Types of ice cream

Who doesn't love ice cream? People from all over the world enjoy the frozen dessert, but different countries have their own twists on the classic treat.

Keep Reading...Show less
Student Life

100 Reasons to Choose Happiness

Happy Moments to Brighten Your Day!

A man with a white beard and mustache wearing a hat

As any other person on this planet, it sometimes can be hard to find the good in things. However, as I have always tried my hardest to find happiness in any and every moment and just generally always try to find the best in every situation, I have realized that your own happiness is much more important than people often think. Finding the good in any situation can help you to find happiness in some of the simplest and unexpected places.

Keep Reading...Show less

Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Facebook Comments