Iraq: Home to the Holy Sites of Shi'a Islam
Start writing a post
Lifestyle

Iraq: Home to the Holy Sites of Shi'a Islam

In a country of instability, Iraq flourishes with the beauty of its lavish Shi'a shrines.

177
Iraq: Home to the Holy Sites of Shi'a Islam
Facebook- Holy Shrines of Iraq

Iraq, with its rich history, is also home to some of the most important holy sites for Shi’a Muslims. Islam divided into the sects of the Shi’ism and Sunnism in 632 C.E. as a result of difference in who was to succeed Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) after his death. The Shi’a believe the rightful successor to the Prophet is Ali, the cousin and son-in-law to the Prophet. The Shi'a also believe that the succession should continue through the Prophet's family (Ahl-ul-Bayt). They also believe in Imams as their political and spiritual leaders. The Sunnis, on the other hand, believed the succession should continue through the Prophet’s close friends and companions.

While Sunnis make up the majority of Muslims in the world, the Shi’a are the majority in countries such as Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Yemen. Six of the 12 Imams are buried in Iraq and their shrines are considered to be some of the major places for visitation by Shi’a all over the world.


Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib

The shrine of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, the first Imam and fourth successor of Islam, is located in the city of Najaf, south of Baghdad. The shrine was built atop of Imam Ali’s tomb in 977 but was burnt down. It was later rebuilt two more times, the last in 1500. The shrine, like other Imam shrines, is covered in pure cold from the 7,777 tiles covering the dome and the two golden minarets made up of 40,000 gold tiles each.

Inside the shrine are mirrored tiles and silver walls, with decadent diamond chandeliers.


Imam al-Hussein ibn Ali

The shrine of the second Imam al-Hussein, the son of Imam Ali and grandson of the Prophet, is located in Karbala, Iraq. Built in 982, the shrine caught on fire in 1017 as two candles within the mosque fell. The state minister at the time immediately rebuilt the damaged parts. Similar to the shrine of his father, the shrine of Imam Al-Hussein has a gold dome and minarets. Every year, during the Islamic month of Muharram, millions of Shi’a come from all around the world to visit the shrine of Imam al-Hussein and mourn his death as a martyr against oppression.

Imam al-Hussein's tomb is covered in solver and gold and is enclosed with a dome of mirrored tiles and solid silver screens.


Imams Musa ibn Ja'afar al-Kadhim & Muhammad ibn Ali al-Jawwad

Musa al-Kadhim, the seventh Imam, and his grandson Muahmmad al-Jawwad, the ninth Imam, are both buried together in Kadhmiyya, Iraq. The shrine dates back to the fifteenth century and have undergone some restoration and decoration. The domes and minarets are also made up of pure gold tiles. Typically, visitors to the shrine seek healing and ask for fulfillment of their needs.


Imams Ali ibn Muhammad al-Hadi & Hassan ibn Ali al-Askari

Imam Ali al-Hadi and his son, Imam Hassan al-Askari were the 10th and 11th Imams. Both are buried in Samarra, a city north of Baghdad. Having been built in 944, this golden shrine also holds the graves of Hakimah Khatoon, the sister of Imam Ali al-Hadi and Narjis Khatoon, the mother of Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi, the 12th Imam who is currently in occultation. Nearby is an adjacent shrine where Imam al-Mahdi is said to have gone into concealment.

Unfortunately, in 2006-2007 during the sectarian civil war in Iraq, Sunni insurgents bombed the mosque and destroyed its dome and minarets. The mosque was then closed down to the public.

However, in 2009 the shrine was reconstructed and re-opened to the public.

Report this Content
This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

Everyone's been here. And, truthfully, it sucks. But in order to move on and get past something you need to allow yourself to feel it for what it is--all of the heartbreak and pain--and then you can start to take steps move on.

Keep Reading... Show less

The Christmas season is coming to an end, but it's not too late to get some last-minute movies in! Unfortunately, this year didn't look like a typical Christmas. While we can't have any big Christmas parties or family gatherings, we can still celebrate at home! Christmas is the best time for nostalgia, and we could all use some warm and fuzzy feelings as we wrap up a tough year and enter a new one that hasn't been proven any calmer, either.

As a kid who grew up in the 2000s, I can think of some of my favorite staple Christmas movies. If you're looking for recommendations or just a walk down memory lane, check out the list below.

Keep Reading... Show less
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/amazon-s-wilds-much-more-just-gender-swapped-lord-flies-ncna1250078

As we enter the new year, you might be looking for a great show to kick-off 2021. Look no further, I have the perfect recommendation. "The Wilds" was released on Amazon Prime last month and has been gaining traction steadily since then. This series of 10 one-hour episodes tells the stories of eight girls who find themselves on a deserted island after their plane crashed while they are on their way to a resort. Unlike other survival shows, there's a bit more to the story than what first meets the eye. This show is unique in characters, storytelling methods, and plot.

If you aren't convinced yet, allow me to provide you with a list of further persuasion.

Keep Reading... Show less
Lifestyle

10 Things TikTok Made Me Buy, And Now My Life Is So Much Better

Where would I be without my Revlon hair dryer or CeraVe skin products?! Thanks, TikTok.

1058
CeraVe/Instagram

TikTok is a great way to see what products are trending. People are sharing tips and tricks about items that they use to make their life happier, healthier, or just easier.

Keep Reading... Show less

Online classes and virtual reality in general have been the staple of 2020. One day in March, everything shut down and we all had to learn how to work, teach, study, do therapy, and take classes remotely without much preparation. So, it's been a roller-coaster experience, and definitely not what we expected.

Keep Reading... Show less
Entertainment

11 TV Characters Who Are Irritating BEYOND Belief

Maybe they never really did anything seriously wrong, but oh my god they are annoying af.

18788

Have you ever been watching your favorite show, all comfortable and relaxed, and then that one character that you just can't stand pops up on the screen and ruins your mood? I know I certainly have. These characters aren't necessarily evil or horrible people, but they do have personalities that make them incredibly irritating. They're the kind of characters that make you want to yell at the writer, "what the hell were you thinking with this one?" Perhaps they have never hurt a fly, but it doesn't matter since their character just straight-up sucks.

By the way, some of my arguments contain spoilers, so fair warning.

Keep Reading... Show less
Entertainment

20 Songs You Should REALLY Add To Your Winter Playlist

Watch the snow gently falling out your window and put these songs on to get in the winter mood.

11335

For the majority of these songs, I can't really explain why, but they remind me of winter. Maybe it's their slow pace, their magical synth sounds, or their melancholy lyrics, but all of these songs give me winter vibes. If you're looking to add some songs to your winter playlist, give these ones a listen.

Keep Reading... Show less
Facebook Comments