The Evolution of Human Cooperation

The Evolution of Human Cooperation

Biological Altruism factors that Led Humans to Cooperate.

The Evolution of Human Cooperation

It is imperative to look at human nature in our ancestors- chimpanzees.

We are animals, whether humans like to admit it or not. However, even though we share 99% of genetics with chimpanzees, there is a large gap. Genes are selfish, caring about becoming better and stronger for the next generation. But we are not just the selfish genes, the 1% difference between us amounts for turning against the selfishness that defies us from chimpanzees.

Cooperation evolved when people found that they were able to survive better and easier when they joined a “team” compared to being an individual. This development is called a social instinct. Animals of all type exhibit cooperation. It has some drawbacks, but the outcomes are mainly positives.

Care for offspring is a defining factor for mammals. It takes more work, but it is more beneficial for the parents as well. Mammals are a prime example as they express empathy, for example, elephants when they lose their children.

However, Darwin argues that immorality is an advantage and the prize in survival and reproduction of ones’ genes. Biological altruism can be defined as when an organism does something at the cost to itself and the benefit for another organism. If altruism was just doing something beneficial for another organism, that would just ignore symbiotic, commensalism, and parasitic relationships that orgasms have together. Biological altruism is the exact opposite of natural selection. Three examples of biological altruism have come to life.

Kin selection is when an organism favors a relative and their survival because of the similarity of their genes. Darwin said selection applies to the family, and the individual. It is sketchy altruism in that it is still done in benefitting similar genes.

Reciprocity: a bat will share its food in turn that another bat may share food at a later date in return. There is an initial cost to the organism because they have to share, but it is done with the expectation that they will get some in return.

Group selection occurs when organisms learn that groups are more powerful than individuals, or groups who are selfish.This can however show kindness towards one’s ingroup and rudeness to one’s outgroup. It does not help us understand altruism to people outside one’s group.

Evolution does not explain morality well. In human beings it can be seen as something you must do once your “priorities” are flourishing. Once your family is good, help your neighbor. Once your neighbor, then your community. Then town, state, nation. Humans need to do what is not biologically expected in order to contribute to their community.

Report this Content
This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

119 People Reveal How The Pandemic Has Affected Their Love Lives, And Honestly... Relatable

"I haven't been able to get out of the 'talking phase' with anyone."

The reality is, there's no part of life the pandemic hasn't affected. Whether it's your work life, your home life, your social life, or your love life, coronavirus (COVID-19) is wreaking havoc on just about everything — not to mention people's health.

When it comes to romance, in particular, people are all handling things differently and there's no "right way" of making it through, regardless of your relationship status (single, taken, married, divorced, you name it). So, some of Swoon's creators sought out to hear from various individuals on how exactly their love lives have been affected since quarantine began.

Keep Reading... Show less
Politics and Activism

Dear Closeted Latina,

You were never alone.

Remember how the Latin world got rocked when Ricky Martin came out?

Keep Reading... Show less

It wasn't until I hit 23 years old that I started getting hangovers. It could've been from two glasses of wine or even a margarita at happy hour, the next day, consider me bed-bound until further notice.

Keep Reading... Show less

According to Urban Dictionary, a "simp" is defined as "a man that puts himself in a subservient/submissive position under women in the hopes of winning them over, without the female bringing anything to the table." There are many other definitions for a "simp," but basically it's shaming men who are kind to women without getting anything in return.

Let's just stop attacking nice men. Work out your own issues, don't project your shortcomings onto another man. What happened to the brotherhood? Y'all can lie for each other, but can't raise each other up? You guys can encourage murder, gang rape, and violence against women — or at least stay silent about it — but can't let your brother know it ain't cool when they bring you down for being nice to women with no expectation?

Keep Reading... Show less
Health and Wellness

Living With Bipolar Disorder Is An Everyday Battle, But I'm Fighting It

I went from depression, to anxiety, to bipolar disorder.

I've thought about how to write this since my diagnosis. I've thought about what kind of feelings it might bring up from my mom, former friends, and even myself. I've rewritten it a thousand times in my head, but never could quite get the words onto my notepad, but tonight I'm going to sit down and write it.

Keep Reading... Show less

The Caribbean is a place where people go for vacation, but if you set out from a cruise ship you miss out on all the beautiful culture. Their exotic beaches are nothing without their zinging food and hospitality. Locals in the Caribbean are warmhearted with a zest to live life to the fullest.

This is exactly where most of their words and phrases come from, having a good time. I definitely enjoyed myself living in the Caribbean, but it's not always about lounging. They get work done too and I've learned proper phrases for accomplishments.

Keep Reading... Show less

What's Coming To And Leaving Netflix In August For Your Summer Viewing Pleasure

Just in time for another your end of summer binge-watch list.

Flower Films, Warner Bros, New Line Cinema

August is here, which means we will be losing some of our Netflix favorites but gaining some new ones. Here is a list of TV shows and movies we will be losing and gaining on Netflix during August.

Keep Reading... Show less

Top 10 Santana Lopez Performances On 'Glee' That MADE The Show

In honor of Naya Rivera's passing, I compiled a list of her best performances as Santana Lopez as "Glee".


Hearing about the tragic passing of the beloved actress, singer, and model Naya Rivera was tragic to say the least. "Glee" was a huge part of my life, Santana being one of my favorite characters, so it was shocking to hear the news.

Keep Reading... Show less
Health and Wellness

Self-Love Is The Best Love, That's Just How It Is

Do you ever feel like you can't please everyone? Self-love will do the trick.

I've been feeling a little down lately, with the understanding that friends don't last forever and that I can't always please my parents. Life has been rough for everyone lately and it's not easy to stay happy and optimistic during these times. But I promise you, you are on this earth for a reason. You are here because God formed you, to love, and to be loved.

When things are tough, realize that you have yourself always. No one can take that away from you. You will always be you. No matter who you are, what you believe, or where you've been in life, at the end of the day, you are you. You can love you, therefore giving you one reason to stay here on this Earth.

Keep Reading... Show less

Ranking 'The Umbrella Academy' Cast By Their Powers

I'm ranking the characters of Netflix's show "The Umbrella Academy" by how cool their powers are.

With the new season of "The Umbrella Academy" coming out tomorrow, I took the time to revisit the first season to refamiliarize myself with the characters.

Keep Reading... Show less

Marco Definitely DIDN’T Deserve Better In 'The Kissing Booth 2' And Here's Why

I'm sorry to everyone on Team Marco, Noah just is the one.


I know this is an unpopular opinion but I believe Marco is a narcissist hidden behind a nice boy facade. While he did go out of his way to help Elle out with the dance competition, he crossed the line multiple times.

Keep Reading... Show less
Facebook Comments