How To Set Up And Maintain A Nano Aquarium

How To Set Up And Maintain A Healthy And Attractive Nano Aquarium

Freshwater nano aquariums can add a living snapshot of a natural river or stream ecosystem.


Freshwater nano tanks are popular for beginners and advanced hobbyists alike. Freshwater nano aquariums can add a living snapshot of a natural river or stream ecosystem. Nano tanks often do not require a specialized stand, since they are under 15 gallons with most under 10 gallons. With that in mind, be sure select a sturdy, level desk, table or counter-top that can support the of the tank — about 10 pounds per gallon. The tank should be in an area where you will be able to enjoy it most often, but it should also be away from direct sunlight, drafty areas, and doors, to reduce algae growth and temperature fluctuations. For tank size, I would recommend at least two gallons, but ideally between four and 10 gallons.

If you choose to keep live plants, make sure that you research the lighting requirements, placement and size. Many desktop aquarium kits only have decorative lights, which are not suitable for live plants. If you wish to keep live plants, try the Fluval Spec series and Fluval Flex or start from scratch and buy lighting unit for aquarium plants. In addition to the tank, filter, light, and heater, you will also need gravel or plant substrate, decor, thermometer, liquid plant food (if you are keeping live plants), an extra one or two-gallon bucket (for aquarium use only), a net and water conditioner.

When you set up the tank, be sure to wipe down the tank with a damp cloth and rinse out the gravel and decor. Then fill the tank about half way, aquascape the tank, and fill it up slowly to avoid disturbing the scape. Once full, treat the water with dechlorinator or water conditioner and add your filter and heater. The filter can be plugged in immediately while the heater needs to wait 30 minutes to allow the temperature inside to adjust. If you have live aquatic plants, keep the light on a timer for 8-10 hours, otherwise only keep it on when you are viewing or feeding the tank. Let the tank cycle without fish for at least five days to allow a healthy population of beneficial bacteria to develop. Fish and creatures that suitable for tanks between two and 10 gallons include betta, cloud white mountain minnows, guppies, sparkling gouramis, chili rasboras, and clown killifish. Make sure that you acclimate new fish by floating the bag for 20 minutes unopened, adding a half cup of tank water into the bag then waiting for another 10 minutes before netting the fish into the tank. Only add one or two fish every two weeks to allow the nitrogen cycle to adjust. Adding too many fish at once can cause a spike in ammonia and nitrite, which can stress if not kill your fish.

For maintenance, you should feed the fish and check the temperature and health of fish daily. To avoid overfeeding, only feed as much as they can eat in one minute or one to two medium-sized flakes per fish or two to three 1 mm pellets per fish. Healthy fish are actively swimming, no white spots and have upright fins. Test the water's pH, Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrate once a week with aquarium test strips. The ammonia and nitrite levels should be zero. If they aren't zero, then add an aquarium bacteria supplement, which adds denitrifying bacteria to break down ammonia and nitrite. The nitrate can be up to 40 ppm, any more then do a 25% water change. The ideal pH will depend on the type of fish you are keeping. Generally speaking, the pH shouldn't be adjusted unless it is really far off because fluctuations in pH can stress the fish.

Every other week, do a partial (20% to 30%) water change. A Biorb Cleaning hose and pump will make it easier to change water while also cleaning the gravel. Many gravel vacs and siphon kits are too large for most freshwater nano tanks, but the Biorb cleaning hose & pump is smaller and has a grid at the end to prevent fish from being sucked up. When performing a water change, clean panels of the tank with a magnetic algae scraper. The Nano mag works well for small glass tanks while the Aqueon mini aquarium magnet works for acrylic tanks. When adding water back into the tank, make sure to treat it with a water conditioner to remove chlorine and heavy metals. To avoid disturbing the fish and the scape, scoop the clean water into the tank using a cup. Add liquid plant nutrients as directed by the label. Every 6-8 weeks or whenever the filter cartridge clogs, replace the filter cartridge. With the proper tools and techniques, you can maintain a healthy and thriving freshwater nano aquarium with ease.

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I Went From Losing Weight To Lifting Weights, And Now I'm In The Best Shape Of My Life

How a change in my fitness goals changed my life.


I am in the best shape of my life...or at least I think so, and that's what truly matters.

I look in the mirror and feel confident.

I finally feel comfortable wearing crop tops, and I'm even starting to show visible abs. But getting here has been such a difficult journey filled with eating disorders, body dysmorphia, and other physical and mental struggles that hindered my ability to achieve my goals.

I have been on this health and fitness journey for many, many years now. I've been a size 00, a size 12, and every size in between.

Through it all, I have learned so much about myself, as well as fitness and nutrition in general. My biggest takeaway that led me to overcome all these obstacles was learning to let go of my perfectionism. When I'm old, I don't want to look back on my life and realize that I spent it all trying to lose weight. So, I changed my mindset.

My new focus was to be as strong as possible—to lift the heaviest weights, rather than losing the most weight. If you too, want to be in the best shape of your life but have struggled for so long, read my tips below.


I know, it sounds crazy. As women, we are constantly told about diets and cutting calories. If you just want to be skinny, you can do that. But if you want to be strong, you need to eat to be able to put on the muscle.


If you have struggled with eating disorders like me, satisfying your cravings will prevent you from having major setbacks.


Get your butt off that elliptical and into the weight room.


Again, especially if you want to build muscle, you need rest days. These are the days where your muscles are "actually" growing.


You will not see abs overnight. It takes a long time. But if you want sustainable results, you must treat your body right.

I hope these tips are helpful. With positivity and patience, you can achieve anything.

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10 Reminders Of Just How Easy It Is To Live Sustainably

Being eco-friendly and loving mother nature can be a lot easier than it may seem.


We often make this whole sustainability thing seem like a rather complex issue that we, as individuals, have no reason to take action on. I'm here to tell you that even by just changing a few simple habits in your day-to-day life, you can make a lasting impact that saves our oceans and our planet's future! It's 2019 and it's about time we do something to give back to this lovely planet. Cheers to being eco-friendly and caring about mother earth, because she's pretty freaking great.

1. Invest in a reusable water bottle to use on the go : Hydro Flask Water Bottle | Stainless Steel & Vacuum Insulated | Wide Mouth with Straw Lid | Multiple Sizes & Colors : Gateway

Around 90% of water bottles end up decomposing in landfills rather than being recycled. If we all just make one small investment in a reusable water bottle that last way longer than one plastic water bottle, we can all make a difference together. Hydro Flask is one of my favorite brand of water bottles that lasts forever. Check out the wide mouth steel wate bottle with a straw lid above!

2. Buy a travel mug for coffee and tea Contigo Stainless Steel Coffee Couture AUTOSEAL Vacuum-Insulated Travel Mug, 14 oz, White Marble: Gateway

This is another small investment that can make such an impact in the number of cups that end up in landfills at the end of the day. At the very least, try to stick to compostable cups when possible on the go. Or, even better, purchase a travel mug like this pretty marble Contigo one to always have your drinks hot or cold wherever you are. Some coffee shops even reward you for this and give you a discount for bringing in your own cup!

3. Say NO to straws Reusable Bent Glass Drinking Straws, Set of 6 With 2 Cleaning Brushes,Shatter Resistant,BPA Free, Non-Toxic, Eco-Friendly, 200mm x 10mm (Bent 8'' x10mm, Multi Color): Health & Personal Care

This follows the one above and is so important for the lives of our precious ocean creatures! It's one of the easiest things to eliminate by simply not using them or, buying a pack of reusable straws. Here are some of the ones I've tried – they work great on the go or at home!

4. Use less water!

This may sound like a really simple one, but we often use water mindlessly and don't even realize how much we are wasting. A few ways to use less water include turning off the water when you brush your teeth, shortening your showers, not running the water while you wash dishes, doing less loads of laundry… the possibilities are endless!

Start by trying to be more conscious of just how much water you are using every day.

5. Turn off the lights when you leave the room

Again, this one may sound incredibly easy but it's sometimes the easiest, most efficient ways to live sustainably that we forget to follow. Turning off the lights when you leave the room can have a huge impact on your electricity bill along with mother nature which helps you, too!

6. Try having one vegetarian day a week

This is one that I am new to trying out recently and I am considering continuing to add more days during my week… will I be a vegetarian eventually? While it may seem drastic to give up meat for life, it's a small step in the right direction to commit to one meat free day a week, and I've found it reminds me of how frequently we consume it as well.

It takes 2,500 gallons of water to produce a single pound of beef. If that doesn't convince you enough, each hamburger that comes from animals on ex-forestry ground is responsible for the destruction of fifty-five square feet of forest. If we all cut out meat one day a week, that alone can make a difference in our water usage and land conservation!

7. Use cruise control on the highway

We often don't think of cruise control as having a significant economical impact, but as the driver of a hybrid (shoutout my Ford Fusion Hybrid – best car ever), it's crazy the difference it makes on your overall mileage.

Using cruise control regularly can increase your mileage by at least 15% and in doing so saves the environment from fuel emissions, uses less gasoline, and keeps more money in your pocket!

8. Reduce, reuse, recycle, duh!


Okay, yes, duh! But seriously. It's so easy to say yes to single use plastics when we are constantly surrounded by them as alternatives that fit into our fast-paced, on-the-go lifestyles, and we easily forget how impactful each piece of plastic we use is on our oceans and our planet.

Plastic bags are not biodegradable or recyclable and we should avoid using them whenever possible. Your local grocery store probably sells reusable grocery bags and most likely gives discounts when you bring them in to use instead of plastic bags. If this isn't an option for you, ask for paper instead of plastic.

9. Always recycle glass

Glass is a product that often has misconceptions around whether or not it is recyclable, leading to unrecycled glass taking up to a million years to decompose. With the way things are looking in 2019, we don't have a million years to fix this whole love for mother-nature problem. Always make sure to recycle your glass! It can reduce related water pollution by up to fifty percent and related air pollution by up to twenty percent.

10. Spread the knowledge, share the love!

It's one thing to hold yourself accountable to taking steps towards living more sustainably but why not hold others accountable, too! If you are living at home or living with roommates, create systems in your home that allow everyone to be on the same page – reduce, reuse, recycle.

To learn more about easy steps to living sustainably, visit

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