The 19th Amendment Did Not Affect All Women

The 19th Amendment Did Not Affect All Women

The fight for Voting Rights across the country is still a struggle.

It’s a fact we’ve learned to regurgitate; in the year 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified. It prohibited any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on account of their gender. It's been hailed as the one of the greatest, if the not the greatest achievement for our country's women's rights movement.

What we don’t hear, is that two years after this amendment was passed, the Supreme Court ruled people of Japanese heritage were ineligible to become naturalized citizens -- a court found the same with Asian Indians in the following year. Not being able to become naturalized citizens, of course, affected what demographic of women could actually vote. In 1924, Native Americans were granted citizenship through the Indian Citizenship Act, but many states still passed laws preventing Native Americans from voting, for as late as the year 1957.

It wasn’t until 1943 that Chinese Americans were first permitted to become citizens, after the Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed. For Filipinos, it wasn’t until 1946; for Japanese Americans and other Asian Americans, this did not come until 1952. In 1964, women of lower socio-economic status were faced with one less barrier to voting; there was now no tax to pay anywhere in the country in order to vote.

In 1965, the Voting Rights Act was passed abolishing legal barriers that prevented black Americans from voting. In 1990, polling centers were required to have accommodations for Americans with disabilities with the Americans with Disabilities Act. In the year 2000, a federal court decided US Territories could not vote in presidential elections. The fight for Voting Rights across the country is still a struggle; in this month, alone, a federal appeals court struck down a voter ID law in North Carolina that was described as targeting African American voters "with almost surgical precision."

Why is it, then, that we accept the 19th Amendment as being the point when women were allowed the right to vote? It's presented in our history classes, our media, etc., as if the struggle to get women to vote ended with the passing of this amendment to the Constitution, which is simply not true. To state so would be to exclude essentially all women of color, among white women who couldn't afford to pay a poll tax.

Some could argue there’s exceptions to every fact and law in our history, but it’s not as if one specific group of women were an exception to this. Asian women, Native American women, black women, poor women and more were unable to exercise their right to vote, and their struggles have been arguably erased in the acceptation of the 19th Amendment being the point in which all women could vote.

When we use the word women, we assume it applies to women of every race and ethnicity; instead, it’s been reduced to mean only white women. When we say women earned the right to vote in 1920, we're whitewashing history. To be fair, we have no reason to not pause and think if this is a whitewashing of history, because of the pure lack of information on voting rights of marginalized and minority groups in our country.

Often, high school American history classes have been dubbed as being a history of "great white men." It's not hard to picture the only real segment of women's history taught in most history classes really only applies to that of "great white women." It shouldn’t be surprising that we’ve been conditioned to accept the notion that saying women got the right to vote in 1920 as appropriate, because of how our history is often taught to us.

Recently, with the recognition of white feminism becoming slowly more prevalent in our country's society, it’s important for us as a people to not portray women’s struggles as merely white women’s struggles. It's more than frustrating to see our politicians, socially-conscious celebrities, and other prominent figures speak as if the 19th Amendment was the end of women's struggle for voting rights. It's easy to accept the erasing of the history. After all, most people were taught a history that erased struggles of marginalized groups. It’s harder to try to write history back into a place it deserves to be. Women worked hard for the 19th Amendment to be ratified. It's time to recognize women that also worked hard for their own voting struggles, long after the 19th Amendment was ratified.

Cover Image Credit: Bio.

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A Catcher Doesn't Stop Being A Leader When It's Time To Hang Up The Cleats, It's A Lifestyle That Lasts Forever

Catcher play a big role on the diamond and it's not just to catch the ball.

They wear "The Tools of Ignorance" and have a very important job on the diamond. Whether it be softball or baseball catchers have a big job behind the plate.

The catcher is the leader of the team.

They control both the infield and outfield. They relay messages from the coaches to the rest of the team and they are the coaches right-hand man. They get on the umpires good side to get calls and work for their pitchers to get strikes.

Besides controlling the team the catcher has one very important person to take care of, the pitcher.

A pitcher has to trust that their catcher will stop whatever they throw at them, whether it be a good pitch or a bad pitch. Catchers have to know each pitcher on a very personal level to keep them composed on the mound. They must know how each pitcher throws, what they throw, and what is working that day.

Being a catcher doesn't end when you leave the sport.

The relationships you build from being a leader stay with you for life. When you leave, your pitcher is still your pitcher. Your second baseman is still your second baseman. Your team is still your team. You're not just a teammate anymore, you're something so much more. Something you only get from being behind the plate and taking care of our team. They are your family and will be your family forever.

The catcher isn't just a player on the field, they are the leader. They are the go to for anything that needs to be done. They pick up any player who is down and take care of each player. Being a catcher gave me many great relationships and I am forever thankful.

Cover Image Credit: Mallory Lewis

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4 Reasons Why The Boston Red Sox Will Win The AL East

I am SO pumped for the 2018 season.

Opening Day is just a small handful of days away (thank GOD) so most of the teams in baseball are done making big, impact moves. That means it's time for me to put on my thinking cap and give y'all some predictions. This week, I'm talking about the AL East of course.

The Yankees and the Red Sox are really in a dead heat for the top spot, while everyone else in the division is literally a joke. Especially the Rays. Today, I'm gonna hit you with five reasons why the Red Sox will win the AL East for the third straight year.

1. J.D. Martinez

Obviously, the acquisition of J.D. Martinez is huge for this team. They desperately needed offense, and Martinez really fits in nicely in the lineup. You can read more about my thoughts on the acquisition here. Also, seeing a 3-4-5 lineup of Benintendi/Ramirez/Martinez go toe-to-toe with the Yankees 3-4-5 guys (Sanchez/Judge/Stanton) is going to be very, very entertaining.

2. Bullpen

Call me crazy, but I like this Red Sox bullpen. Even more than the one that the Yankees have. I'll take Craig Kimbrel over Aroldis Champman any day, and I've got serious questions about Dellin Betances's ability to pitch deep into the season after what happened last year. And the numbers agree with me: In 2017, the Red Sox had the #2 bullpen in baseball, while the Yankees had the #3 one. It may be a small fraction, but that's all it takes to edge out your competitor, especially when the division is gonna be as tight as it will be this year.

3. Starting Rotation

Call me not-so-crazy not this one, folks. The Red Sox have guys that are ready to rock and roll in that rotation, including a rested Chris Sale and a new-and-improved David Price. Drew Pomeranz is lights out (when he's healthy) and Rick Porcello can settle solidly into a good 3 or 4 down the stretch. I have a lot of questions about the Yankees rotation (which you can read about here) and less when it comes to the Red Sox.

4. Andrew Benintendi

Oh, you KNEW my man Benny Biceps was gonna make the list. I — and everyone else — is anticipating a huge year from Benintendi, and he's gonna be the player that really pushes this team over the edge. Did he cut his hair? Sure, but he still looks GREAT and is ready to kick some ass.

What other reasons have you got as to why the Red Sox are gonna be the 2018 AL East champs? Let me know below, and if you think the Yankees are gonna win, don't let me know below!

Cover Image Credit: Hannah Martian

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