The 19th Amendment Did Not Affect All Women

The 19th Amendment Did Not Affect All Women

The fight for Voting Rights across the country is still a struggle.
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It’s a fact we’ve learned to regurgitate; in the year 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified. It prohibited any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on account of their gender. It's been hailed as the one of the greatest, if the not the greatest achievement for our country's women's rights movement.

What we don’t hear, is that two years after this amendment was passed, the Supreme Court ruled people of Japanese heritage were ineligible to become naturalized citizens -- a court found the same with Asian Indians in the following year. Not being able to become naturalized citizens, of course, affected what demographic of women could actually vote. In 1924, Native Americans were granted citizenship through the Indian Citizenship Act, but many states still passed laws preventing Native Americans from voting, for as late as the year 1957.

It wasn’t until 1943 that Chinese Americans were first permitted to become citizens, after the Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed. For Filipinos, it wasn’t until 1946; for Japanese Americans and other Asian Americans, this did not come until 1952. In 1964, women of lower socio-economic status were faced with one less barrier to voting; there was now no tax to pay anywhere in the country in order to vote.

In 1965, the Voting Rights Act was passed abolishing legal barriers that prevented black Americans from voting. In 1990, polling centers were required to have accommodations for Americans with disabilities with the Americans with Disabilities Act. In the year 2000, a federal court decided US Territories could not vote in presidential elections. The fight for Voting Rights across the country is still a struggle; in this month, alone, a federal appeals court struck down a voter ID law in North Carolina that was described as targeting African American voters "with almost surgical precision."

Why is it, then, that we accept the 19th Amendment as being the point when women were allowed the right to vote? It's presented in our history classes, our media, etc., as if the struggle to get women to vote ended with the passing of this amendment to the Constitution, which is simply not true. To state so would be to exclude essentially all women of color, among white women who couldn't afford to pay a poll tax.

Some could argue there’s exceptions to every fact and law in our history, but it’s not as if one specific group of women were an exception to this. Asian women, Native American women, black women, poor women and more were unable to exercise their right to vote, and their struggles have been arguably erased in the acceptation of the 19th Amendment being the point in which all women could vote.

When we use the word women, we assume it applies to women of every race and ethnicity; instead, it’s been reduced to mean only white women. When we say women earned the right to vote in 1920, we're whitewashing history. To be fair, we have no reason to not pause and think if this is a whitewashing of history, because of the pure lack of information on voting rights of marginalized and minority groups in our country.

Often, high school American history classes have been dubbed as being a history of "great white men." It's not hard to picture the only real segment of women's history taught in most history classes really only applies to that of "great white women." It shouldn’t be surprising that we’ve been conditioned to accept the notion that saying women got the right to vote in 1920 as appropriate, because of how our history is often taught to us.

Recently, with the recognition of white feminism becoming slowly more prevalent in our country's society, it’s important for us as a people to not portray women’s struggles as merely white women’s struggles. It's more than frustrating to see our politicians, socially-conscious celebrities, and other prominent figures speak as if the 19th Amendment was the end of women's struggle for voting rights. It's easy to accept the erasing of the history. After all, most people were taught a history that erased struggles of marginalized groups. It’s harder to try to write history back into a place it deserves to be. Women worked hard for the 19th Amendment to be ratified. It's time to recognize women that also worked hard for their own voting struggles, long after the 19th Amendment was ratified.

Cover Image Credit: Bio.

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20 Signs You Were A High School Cheerleader

You got really tired of hearing, "Point your toes."
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Cheerleading is something you'll never forget. It takes hard work, dedication, and comes with its ups and downs. Here are some statements that every cheerleader, past and present, know to be true.

1. You always had bobby pins with you.

2. Fear shot through you if you couldn't find your spankees right away and thought you left them at home.

3. You accumulated about 90 new pairs of tennis shoes...

4. ...and about 90 new bows, bags, socks, and warm ups.

5. When you hear certain songs from old cheer dance mixes it either ruins your day or brings back happy memories.

6. And chances are, you still remember every move to those dances.

7. Sometimes you catch yourself standing with your hands on your hips.

8. You know the phrase, "One more time, ladies" all too well.

9. The hospitality rooms were always one of the biggest perks of going to tournaments (at least for me).

10. You got really tired of hearing, "Point your toes."

SEE ALSO: How The Term 'Cheerlebrity' Destroyed Our Sport

11. If you left the gym at half-time to go get something, you better be back by the time the boys run back out.

12. You knew how awkward it could be on the bus rides home after the boys lost.

13. But you also knew how fun it could be if they won.

14. Figuring out line-up was extremely important – especially if one of your members was gone.

15. New uniforms were so exciting; minus the fact that they cost a fortune.

16. You know there was nothing worse than when you called out an offense cheer but halfway through, you had to switch to the defense version because someone turned over the ball.

17. You still know the school fight song by heart and every move that goes with it.

SEE ALSO: Signs You Suffer From Post-Cheerleading Depression

18. UCA Cheer Camp cheers and chants still haunt you to this day.

19. You know the difference between a clasp and a clap. Yes, they're different.

20. There's always a part of you that will miss cheering and it will always have a place in your heart.

Cover Image Credit: Doug Pool / Facebook

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I Ended My Summer With 'Mississippi State Night' At Suntrust Park

I, along with my parents, traveled to Atlanta, Georgia for a Braves' baseball game-one last adventure of the summer.

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Thanks to my uncle and his family, I have been an Atlanta Braves' fan for several years. My parents and I had been wanting to attend a game, since the new baseball stadium, Suntrust Park, had been built. When I heard that they were hosting a night honoring Mississippi State University, I knew it was the perfect time for us to go!

When my parents and I arrived at Suntrust Park, I was already in awe by the newness of the entire area. Giant posters of players lined the outside of the parking garage wall from top to bottom. The walkway leading to the inside of the park was decorated with red and blue platforms hanging above our heads.

Even before we entered the stadium gate, we were met with a cute array of shops and restaurants. A grassy area was off to the side where team members were throwing the baseball to some young kids. The atmosphere was filled with excitement and joy by all those who awaited the opening of the gates.

Before the gates were opened, a pep band and dancers performed to get everyone hyped up for the game. Those dancers had some serious talent! This was a fun way to get ready for the game!

After anxiously waiting in line, the gates finally opened, and we were allowed to enter the stadium. Once again, the atmosphere was euphoric and alive with happy fans.


Ready to root for the Braves in my new cap!Jessica Bishop

We purchased the "Mississippi State Fan" package which meant we received free, maroon Braves hats with a Mississippi State emblem on the side. Additionally, our seats were in a section with everyone else who purchased this package-Bulldog fans. It made my heart smile to hear people cheer "Hail State!" or "Go Bulldogs!" when they saw my MSU cap. I was a proud Bulldog, as always.

One of my favorite parts of the evening was the "oblivious cam." The camera was on a guy for over two minutes, and he never noticed! He was dancing around to the music and had the whole crowd rolling. I hope someone eventually told him about his humorous two minutes of fame!

I have grown up watching baseball, so watching a live game was remarkable! Although the Braves lost to the Colorado Rockies, the team had amazing skill! Cheering along with the rest of the crowd and occasionally participating in "the wave" added to the experience.

As if the pre-show and the game were not enough, they ended the night with an awe-inspiring fireworks show. My parents and I were tired, but we did not want to miss this incredible part of the evening. The fireworks show was unbelievable!! To quote my dad, "it was the best fireworks show I've ever seen!"

From the pre-show with the dancers to the enthusiasm of rooting for my favorite team, "Mississippi State Night" in Suntrust Park was an experience I will never forget!

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