Silent Sam Gone But Not Forgotten

Silent Sam: Gone But Not Forgotten

Mr. Thorpe, You Are Deeply Misled in History

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William Thorpe a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill alumnus stood at the former site of the Silent Sam memorial at the UNC campus. Thorpe said that " The Union soldier is the best representation of the university's motto, Lux Libertus. Light. Liberty. The Union soldier represented remarkable patriotism, valor, and morality," Thorpe said. "We're here on Dr. King's birthday, Jan. 15, 2019, to raise awareness of the Union soldier who fought and died to preserve all of the rights that we all enjoy today" (CBS 17). The details that are expressed by Mr. Thorpe are not only false but also vindictive against Southern History.

The remainder of this article will be an open letter to Mr. William Thorpe, Alumnus University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Mr. Thorpe,

Your comments regarding the Union Army are not only false but also degrading to the South. The Union had no intentions to ever tamper with the institution of slavery; this was made clear in Lincoln's first inaugural address. Also, the "Union Soldier" you speak so highly of isn't regarded so greatly in history. This letter will feature at least two examples of how far the Union Army went to actually oppress the South. Actually, Silent Sam the statue you regard as being "divisive" was erected to honor the students of UNC who volunteered to fight for the Confederacy. It would be more disrespectful to erect a Union Monument than to just leave a blank ground, neither of which I agree with.

The Confederacy, when conceived, commissioned William Porcher Miles to design a flag for their new nation. Mr. Miles worked for a great deal of time solely on this project. He is even quoted with calling it his "pet". When the final version of the flag was completed, Mr. Miles said, "May the career of the Confederacy, whose duty it will then be to support and defend it (the flag), be such as to endear it to our children's children, as the flag of a loved, because a just and benign, government, and the cherished symbol of its Valor, Purity, and Truth. Respectfully Submitted, WM. Porcher Miles (Chairman) (Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865).

Mr. Thorpe, how can a flag be divisive when the flag never stood for slavery? Jefferson Davis is quoted with saying, "We are not fighting for Slavery. We are fighting for independence; and that, or extermination, we will have" (New York Times).

When the Union is so swell Mr. Thorpe, how can it be that their leader is so wretched? Abraham Lincoln may be quite the star in history, but recently he has been revealed in a much darker sense. Lincoln in his March 4, 1861, Inaugural Address made some stunning revelations that he would soon go against. Keep in mind that by March 1861, already six states had seceded from the Union. On the subject of slavery, Mr. Lincoln said, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so" (Yale Law Library).

Lincoln also said in regards to states' rights, "Resolved, That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own judgment exclusively, is essential to that balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depend; and we denounce the lawless invasion by armed force of the soil of any State or Territory, no matter what pretext, as among the gravest of crimes"(Yale Law Library). This statement was soon broken by the federal government when Lincoln began invading a "foreign nation"

(Confederate States of America). Lincoln, in the middle of his speech reassured the citizens that there would be no bloodshed. He confirms with, "In doing this there needs to be no bloodshed or violence, and there shall be none unless it be forced upon the national authority. The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the Government and to collect the duties and imposts; but beyond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion, no using of force against or among the people anywhere" (Yale Law Library).

This becomes yet another broken promise to the U.S. citizens. In his speech, Lincoln voices his support for a new amendment that had passed in the House and the Senate, which he offered to the South as a bartering deal. The "Corwin Amendment" would allow a state to keep its slaves and the passage of the amendment would prevent federal intervention into the State's institutions of slavery, thoe only catch is that the State must readmit itself to the Union (WBUR).

The Union soldier himself is recorded throughout history in many negative connotations. The Rape of Athens, Alabama, is just one of many examples in which the Union soldier is involved. In May of 1862, Federal forces swarm the town of Athens; they began a period of looting, theft, destruction, which included the burning of over 200 bibles, the gang rape of women, including the pregnant wife of a Confederate cavalryman (George C. Bradley and Richard L. Dahlen, From Conciliation To Conquest, 2006).

The Event of the Roswell Mill women is yet another event that causes my blood to boil. The Union Soldier was not commonly composed of good men. Most men in the North wanted nothing to do with the war. Conscription forced many into the war with no choice. According to Georgia Encyclopedia, "In July 1864 during the Atlanta campaign General William T. Sherman ordered the approximately 400 Roswell mill workers, mostly women, arrested as traitors and shipped as prisoners to the North with their children. There is little evidence that more than a few of the women ever returned home" (georgiaencyclopedia.org). Mr. Thorpe, what happened to those men you spoke so highly of? Were they not fighting for Liberty and Valor? No, Mr. Thorpe, the answer is No.

When a government can declare war on a sovereign nation, invade said nation, commit horrendous war atrocities on that nation all without ever being tried for war crimes, where does the order begin? What about those Generals such as Sherman or Turchin who looted, pillaged, and burned houses? Turchin was court-martialed by his superior officer Don Carlos Buell. In turn Lincoln promoted Turchin to a superior rank, therefore nullifying his court-martial. Turchin was greeted back to Chicago with a grand ball where the band played "Lo the Conquering Hero comes" (George C. Bradley and Richard L. Dahlen, From Conciliation To Conquest, 2006).

Contrary to popular belief Lincoln didn't make slavery an issue until January 1, 1863, when he was hoping to gain reelection. That is when he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves in those states not controlled by the Union. Mr. Thorpe, how did Lincoln free slaves in territories that he did not control? The answer is that he still believed he had power in the states which were no longer a part of the Union. The 13th Amendment I would like to add did not free slaves in the northern slaveholding states (The Emancipation Proclamation).

Mr. Thorpe, it is not only a disrespect to the Confederate soldiers to remove their monument from the university, but it is to spit in their faces to replace it with a monument of their sworn enemies. The South was made to "howl" by General Sherman. Turchin commanded men who raped women and burned Bibles. This is the same Union Army you speak so highly of; however, you were misled into believing that the Union was fighting for rights. The fact of the matter is, the Union was fighting to, in Lincoln's eyes, preserve the Union. The South fought because they were invaded. Their homes were burned by Yankee pillagers, soldiers who burned crops and salted the dirt in fields out of pure meanness. The Union Army is not a proper symbol to replace Silent Sam, who shouldn't have been moved in the first place.

Sincerely,

Zachary C. Grizzard

Descendant of

Andrew Jackson Grizzard

48th Georgia Infantry Company A.

Cited Sources:

"Deportation of Roswell Mill Women," New Georgia Encyclopedia, accessed January 16, 2019, https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/histo....

"Journal of the Confederate Congress Home Page: U.S. Congressional Documents," American Memory: Remaining Collections, accessed January 16, 2019, https://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwcc.html.

"SOME WORDS ON PEACE AND WAR.; A Statement by Mr. Horace Greeley," Breaking News, World News & Multimedia - The New York Times, last modified July 29, 1864, https://www.nytimes.com/1864/07/29/archives/some-w....

"The Avalon Project : First Inaugural Address of Abraham Lincoln," Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy, accessed January 16, 2019, http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/lincoln1.asp.

"The Emancipation Proclamation 1863 < Abraham Lincoln < Presidents < American History From Revolution To Reconstruction and Beyond," accessed January 16, 2019, http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/presidents/abraham-linco....

American Memory: Remaining Collections, accessed January 16, 2019, https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage.

George C. Bradley and Richard L. Dahlen, From Conciliation to Conquest: The Sack of Athens and the Court-Martial of Colonel John B. Turchin ( Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2006), xx.

Robert Richardson, "UNC Alumnus, Donning Union Uniform, Celebrates Silent Sam's Removal," WNCN, last modified January 16, 2019, https://www.cbs17.com/news/local-news/orange-count....

WBUR, "The 'Ghost Amendment' That Haunts Lincoln's Legacy," WBUR, last modified February 18, 2013, https://www.wbur.org/cognoscenti/2013/02/18/the-ot....

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To The Soon-To-Be College Freshman Who Think They'll Keep Their High School Friends, Know This

You will maybe talk to 10 people back from your high school while your in college.

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I know what you are thinking "Of course I am going to still talk to all my high school friends once we graduate." "You just didn't keep up with your friends." "I am going to talk to them every day."

Of course, you may be the lucky ones that go on to the same college and university, but if you follow your best friend to college then have you ever thought to yourself. "Did I choose my school based on if my friend(s) would go to college together." Obviously, it could be coincidental that you end up in the same place, but my argument is more on the idea of having friends that go to the same college on your list of important things once you move away.

Now if you are still reading and still in denial with what I am saying then continue.

Since moving away from home I have broadened my horizons and met more people then I could ever have imagined. I have met people that if I have not kept an open mind to them I would not be friends with them now. You will most likely choose the same type of friends that you had in high school if you do not keep an open mind when finding friends in college.

You also do not want to be that person who refuses to make other friends besides their high school friends. I hate to break it to you, but your high school friends will find other friends beside you when they leave for college/university. This time in your life is supposed to be "a new chapter" if you do not branch out of your comfort zone then you will be stuck in a little bubble for the rest of your life.

Not only will your friends in your high school class be making friends, but you need to make friends that are in the same stage of life that you are also in. Still talking to high school aged friends will limit you from conversations due to distance, lack of relevance, and just not going through the same stuff as you.

Sounds daunting? I know.

I am not saying that you can not be friends still with your high school friends. From time to time I catch up with mine to see how the school is going for them, and how they are doing, but I am building and forming relationships with my friends at college because you have had to start up from ground zero, and will be forming a foundation until we graduate.

Even when you have broken it is nice to hang out with your high school friends and talk about the good old days. My point to you is to keep an open mind and to not get upset when high school friends have moved on and found their new friends from school just like you.

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This Semester Has Been Rough, But It Is SO Worth It

The photo you see above is a direct representation of how things are going currently.

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Let's be honest, college is not for everyone, and there are some days I question if it is right for me. I don't want to be negative, but I do believe in being a realist (you can think my mom for that).

When I started college, it felt easier. I was living with my parents, going to school during the day, and working at a school in my hometown in the evenings. Life was easy, but I was foolish not to realize it.

It is now three years since I graduated high school, I have changed jobs (twice), and moved out, but now preparing to move back into my parents' home. I mean life is wild.

There are honestly days that I have forgotten to eat until like 10 at night, and let's not even discuss laundry. I do not know how actual adults do it.

Ya girl is not only on the struggle bus, but I AM DRIVING THAT BAD BOY RIGHT NOW.

It is the week before finals, and I am praying that I see Friday at this point. Do not judge a college student over the next two weeks, because we have forgotten about thriving, and we are simply trying to survive.

FYI: PARENTS, BE PREPARED FOR LOTS OF LAUNDRY AND KIDS WANTING HOME-COOKED MEALS OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS.

I do not graduate until December with my bachelor's degree, and I tell you what, eight months feels like FOREVER. The closer I get to graduation, the slower time seems to go by.

But hey, YOU HAVE GOT THIS. WATCH THE TV SHOW. TAKE YOURSELF OUT FOR TACOS. TAKE A BATH. DO THAT LAUNDRY. YOU WILL SURVIVE, I may not, BUT YOU WILL.

In case anxiety and stress have taken over as it has for me, here are some tips for these last few days to help you get through it:

1. DO NOT FORGET TO EAT.

2. CALL YOUR FAMILY.

3. TAKE WALKS OUTSIDE TO GET FRESH AIR.

4. LEAVE THE LIBRARY (AT LEAST FOR JUST A FEW MINUTES).

5. REMEMBER WHY YOU ARE DOING THIS.

Gals (and guys) this degree will be so worth it.

I have grown up so much in the last three years, and it breaks my heart to know that I will be graduating at the end of this year. I have become this young woman that is full of joy in a world full of awfulness (is that even a real word??).

I have matured from a naive girl that grew up in a small town, and have learned that the tiniest things in life are the absolute greatest. College is a journey that is full of confetti, rainbows, late nights, coffee, tears, sweat, but of all moments that make me realize that I made the right decision.

I have truly learned that I am passionate about my degree and I will stop at nothing to walk across that stage, hear my full name (that is a bit long), and see my whole family smiling down on me.

We all know that we could not make it through these hard times without our families. So, don't take your frustration out on them, even when you are sleep deprived and just done with this whole thing we call college.

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