Signing Treaties for the Greater Good

Signing Treaties for the Greater Good


Man has been the only creature to master all continents on the planet. With it, we have harvested most of the goods that each location has to offer. These places are now divided and regulated by borders. These goods now become the nations comparative advantage-and their hope to participate in the global market. In order to achieve the ultimate level of comfort, you have to be able to trade with other countries. Sometimes, states sacrifices a fair trade in order to trade over all. Explaining why sometimes treaties are signed that often do not benefit both sides equally.

Interngovermental organizations (IGO) are signed into action through treaties. They are honored by all countries and set up a way to peacefully and lawfully interact. Intergovernmental organizations that benefit trade include the World Trade Organization and International Monetary Fund. (There even is a judiciary IGO - International Criminal Court where all individuals are judged equally. Often where world leaders go to answer for their heinous crimes against their nation or humanity.) Although IGO they are established to create a fair trade, Often there are deals made that intentionally devalue another nation.

Nations are valued by how high their Gross Domestic Product is. Nations fall among three categories- the core, semi-periphery and periphery. Often it is the core states that takes advantage of the periphery due to its inability to deny the opportunity to trade. However, sometimes IGO form that damage core states as well.

During the mid twentieth century the United States was filled with blue collared men working in factories. These men would bring home a decent pay and were able to support their family and still manage comfort. When Consuming Industries Trade Action Coalition (CITAC) formed it impacted the rust belt due to its increased tariff on steel. This also affected the automobile industry in America, which was deemed " too big to fail" . With demand for steel lacking, other nations that relied on steel also struggled. They lobbied their own government to reverse the tariff imposed by the United States. Although it did not benefit the United States to impose this, it still passed due to american protectionism. The impact that this IGO had on America can still be felt with the national movement that supported Trump 2016.

There are also organizations that take away other nations sovereignty due to its participation. Nationalists would argue that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) exploits the United States and puts it in a position that it must participate in order for other countries to benefit as well. While at the same time forgetting that we use NAFTA to successfully exploit people in Maquiladoras on the Mexican border. This trade is beneficial to the United States while leaving behind toxic waste and dangerous factories for Mexico. Besides avocados, Mexico offers cheap labor that makes them a target for exploitation. In this sense Mexico needs to cooperate in order to trade more efficiently, while at the same time just being a pawn in the deal.

Another IGO that impacts everyone is the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) due to their ability to control oil worldwide. This organization sets aside the prices of barrels in order to have a non competitive system. This organization exploits nations because of its ability to sway governments. Sure, in the United States before November 8th when gas prices would rise public opinion on the president would be negative. Thanks Obama. However, in other parts of the world the price of gas matters. Gas determines if your home will be warm that night, if you can transport yourself from one point to another and over all it determines power. In the United States, Native Americans are losing their sacred grounds to the Dakota Pipelines. While Ukraine lost sovereignty (Xenakis) of Crimea for the riches of Oil. When Russia "invaded" Crimea they claimed they were just taking back their land, however they were after the accessibility of oil and the benefits it brings. When Russia gained that territory they did it with the intentions of being able to place pipelines and increase the nations welfare. The United Nations did not react nor demand for the sovereignty of Ukraine to be respected. By not acknowledging the crisis, an IGO failed the citizens of Crimea.

A states sovereignty is taken away when they cannot gain control over their country. When a deal is made that exploits a weaker nation it belittles its value and the worth of the people. Interngovermental organization are set in place to even out the playing ground among different nations. Often they do not fully comply and benefit nations as they intended. Their influences on government in decision- such as what to disregard and where to cultivate. The loss that nations face can be felt politically, economically and alter the life styles that their people live.


Cover Image Credit: Schroeder, Stan. “Create Trump Meme.”, 3 Feb. 2017,

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This Is How Your Same-Sex Marriage Affects Me As A Catholic Woman

I hear you over there, Bible Bob.

It won't.

Wait, what?

I promise you did read that right. Not what you were expecting me to say, right? Who another person decides to marry will never in any way affect my own marriage whatsoever. Unless they try to marry the person that I want to, then we might have a few problems.

As a kid, I was raised, baptized, and confirmed into an old school Irish Catholic church in the middle of a small, midwestern town.

Not exactly a place that most people would consider to be very liberal or open-minded. Despite this I was taught to love and accept others as a child, to not cast judgment because the only person fit to judge was God. I learned this from my Grandpa, a man whose love of others was only rivaled by his love of sweets and spoiling his grandkids.

While I learned this at an early age, not everyone else in my hometown — or even within my own church — seemed to get the memo. When same-sex marriage was finally legalized country-wide, I cried tears of joy for some of my closest friends who happen to be members of the LGBTQ community.

I was happy while others I knew were disgusted and even enraged.

"That's not what it says in the bible! Marriage is between a man and a woman!"

"God made Adam and Eve for a reason! Man shall not lie with another man as he would a woman!"

"Homosexuality is a sin! It's bad enough that they're all going to hell, now we're letting them marry?"

Alright, Bible Bob, we get it, you don't agree with same-sex relationships. Honestly, that's not the issue. One of our civil liberties as United States citizens is the freedom of religion. If you believe your religion doesn't support homosexuality that's OK.

What isn't OK is thinking that your religious beliefs should dictate others lives.

What isn't OK is using your religion or your beliefs to take away rights from those who chose to live their life differently than you.

Some members of my church are still convinced that their marriage now means less because people are free to marry whoever they want to. Honestly, I wish I was kidding. Tell me again, Brenda how exactly do Steve and Jason's marriage affect yours and Tom's?

It doesn't. Really, it doesn't affect you at all.

Unless Tom suddenly starts having an affair with Steve their marriage has zero effect on you. You never know Brenda, you and Jason might become best friends by the end of the divorce. (And in that case, Brenda and Tom both need to go to church considering the bible also teaches against adultery and divorce.)

I'll say it one more time for the people in the back: same-sex marriage does not affect you even if you or your religion does not support it. If you don't agree with same-sex marriage then do not marry someone of the same sex. Really, it's a simple concept.

It amazes me that I still actually have to discuss this with some people in 2017. And it amazes me that people use God as a reason to hinder the lives of others.

As a proud young Catholic woman, I wholeheartedly support the LGBTQ community with my entire being.

My God taught me to not hold hate so close to my heart. He told me not to judge and to accept others with open arms. My God taught me to love and I hope yours teaches you the same.

Disclaimer - This article in no way is meant to be an insult to the Bible or religion or the LGBTQ community.

Cover Image Credit: Sushiesque / Flickr

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To The Girl Who Believes That Feminism Is A Lost Cause: It's Unfortunate You Can't See How Infinitely Capable Women Are

You said I am being too hopeful. You said that there is no point. I say you're wrong.

It was a seemingly boring day. Most of us had just finished our state-based EOC's, but there were bigger fish to fry: Advanced Placement Exams would be starting the following week. These exams would determine whether we got the college credits for the college courses we had been straggling through all year. A group of my female classmates and I were taking a five minute break from studying in our AP U.S. History class when we got into a deep conversation about the Indian culture.

One of my classmates was asking simple questions about what the Indian culture was like; things like marriages, different societal expectations and other cultural differences came about into the conversation.

The conversation eventually moved to focus on education and dream colleges. The girl sitting behind me asked another one of my classmates if she had heard anything from the Emory Summer Program. They started talking about certain residencies they planned on doing, and I tuned out of the conversation.

That was until I heard this: "Did you know they don't bring girls down to see surgery? Only guys."

I turned around, and scoffed.

"Are you serious? Why would they do that?"

They both explained to me that something had happened in which Emory had brought a girl and a guy down to a surgery, but both of them fainted — or at least that's what they heard. The girl sitting behind me went on to say "girls are just more prone to fainting."

What? Listen, I may not be a biology major, but —

"I thought you said the guy fainted too?" I countered. She shrugged her shoulders, and said one sentence:

"It's not like girls can become surgeons anyways."

Seriously? I took a deep breath and said slowly,

"I think girls and guys can both become surgeons regardless of sex. They're both just as capable."

She argued with me that "statistically" guys had more of a chance to become a surgeon. That girls have no chance because universities looked for guys. That not many girls even tried to go the surgery field. She said there was a reason why she chose to not become a surgeon. Again and again, she said that girls had no chance in a male-dominated field.

She insisted that I was being too hopeful. That "realistically" changes in women's rights would not come in our generation but rather in our children's generation. That there was a reason why in history, men were better known than women. That there was a reason why men and women had separate events in athletic competitions.

I couldn't believe what I was hearing. But then again, it made sense, right? The reasons why women still have to fight so hard for things such as equal pay — it's because thoughts like these still plague our society.

I was left speechless. My APUSH teacher appeared from behind me almost two seconds later. He asked her:

"Have you ever heard the story of Billie Jean King? The famous female tennis player who beat a man — I can't remember his name — but he said awful things about women and how weak they were."

She shook her head and stuttered out a "no," and he simply replied,

"It's a really impressive story," before walking away.

So, "statistically," sure, men may dominate the field of surgery. But they also dominate the fields of business (did you know there are only 27 women on the Fortune 500 list?) law enforcement, criminal law, the military or any STEM careers, etc.

This does not mean women are not capable of doing those jobs; it's the part of society that still believes we live in the stone age who thinks women are not capable of arguing in front of a judge or saving someone's life in the ER.

My all-time favorite quote is something my mother said two years ago when Trump won the presidency:

"It's not the women who are not ready for America; it's America who's not ready for the women."

And yes, I am hopeful. I am optimistic. Because so much has changed, but there's still a lot more to do for women. You say that that change cannot come in our generation but rather our children's — that mindset is the reason why we still fall behind today. But let me tell you why you are also wrong. Change has been happening throughout all the generations whether you like it not.

Change occurred in 1800s during Elizabeth Cady Stanton's time when she and hundreds of other women published the "Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen."

Change occurred in the 1900s when Susan B. Anthony and thousands of women fought tirelessly for women's suffrage and won with the passage of the 19th Amendment.

Change has occurred with the recent #MeToo movement, exposing years and years of sexual harassment and rape perpetrators, not just in Hollywood, but in other industries as well.

We can't keep pushing saying that "it's not my issue" or "it'll happen later." We can't keep ignoring the issue; we have to face it and fix it . You said to me that, living in John's Creek, you have never faced sexism in your life, and I envy you for that. That does not mean sexism does not exist.

I pity you for the fact that you remain so close minded about the future of women. Though currently the field of surgery may be male-dominated, there are still women who work in that field. There are women who ignore that fact, study their butts off and work, successfully, as surgeons.

Eventually it comes down to this: you can hide and ignore the issues that beset our community, or you can stand up for yourself and the women around you. Your choice.

But know this: feminism is not a lost cause. I am a woman. I can, and I will.

Cover Image Credit: YouTube

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