Signing Treaties for the Greater Good

Signing Treaties for the Greater Good


Man has been the only creature to master all continents on the planet. With it, we have harvested most of the goods that each location has to offer. These places are now divided and regulated by borders. These goods now become the nations comparative advantage-and their hope to participate in the global market. In order to achieve the ultimate level of comfort, you have to be able to trade with other countries. Sometimes, states sacrifices a fair trade in order to trade over all. Explaining why sometimes treaties are signed that often do not benefit both sides equally.

Interngovermental organizations (IGO) are signed into action through treaties. They are honored by all countries and set up a way to peacefully and lawfully interact. Intergovernmental organizations that benefit trade include the World Trade Organization and International Monetary Fund. (There even is a judiciary IGO - International Criminal Court where all individuals are judged equally. Often where world leaders go to answer for their heinous crimes against their nation or humanity.) Although IGO they are established to create a fair trade, Often there are deals made that intentionally devalue another nation.

Nations are valued by how high their Gross Domestic Product is. Nations fall among three categories- the core, semi-periphery and periphery. Often it is the core states that takes advantage of the periphery due to its inability to deny the opportunity to trade. However, sometimes IGO form that damage core states as well.

During the mid twentieth century the United States was filled with blue collared men working in factories. These men would bring home a decent pay and were able to support their family and still manage comfort. When Consuming Industries Trade Action Coalition (CITAC) formed it impacted the rust belt due to its increased tariff on steel. This also affected the automobile industry in America, which was deemed " too big to fail" . With demand for steel lacking, other nations that relied on steel also struggled. They lobbied their own government to reverse the tariff imposed by the United States. Although it did not benefit the United States to impose this, it still passed due to american protectionism. The impact that this IGO had on America can still be felt with the national movement that supported Trump 2016.

There are also organizations that take away other nations sovereignty due to its participation. Nationalists would argue that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) exploits the United States and puts it in a position that it must participate in order for other countries to benefit as well. While at the same time forgetting that we use NAFTA to successfully exploit people in Maquiladoras on the Mexican border. This trade is beneficial to the United States while leaving behind toxic waste and dangerous factories for Mexico. Besides avocados, Mexico offers cheap labor that makes them a target for exploitation. In this sense Mexico needs to cooperate in order to trade more efficiently, while at the same time just being a pawn in the deal.

Another IGO that impacts everyone is the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) due to their ability to control oil worldwide. This organization sets aside the prices of barrels in order to have a non competitive system. This organization exploits nations because of its ability to sway governments. Sure, in the United States before November 8th when gas prices would rise public opinion on the president would be negative. Thanks Obama. However, in other parts of the world the price of gas matters. Gas determines if your home will be warm that night, if you can transport yourself from one point to another and over all it determines power. In the United States, Native Americans are losing their sacred grounds to the Dakota Pipelines. While Ukraine lost sovereignty (Xenakis) of Crimea for the riches of Oil. When Russia "invaded" Crimea they claimed they were just taking back their land, however they were after the accessibility of oil and the benefits it brings. When Russia gained that territory they did it with the intentions of being able to place pipelines and increase the nations welfare. The United Nations did not react nor demand for the sovereignty of Ukraine to be respected. By not acknowledging the crisis, an IGO failed the citizens of Crimea.

A states sovereignty is taken away when they cannot gain control over their country. When a deal is made that exploits a weaker nation it belittles its value and the worth of the people. Interngovermental organization are set in place to even out the playing ground among different nations. Often they do not fully comply and benefit nations as they intended. Their influences on government in decision- such as what to disregard and where to cultivate. The loss that nations face can be felt politically, economically and alter the life styles that their people live.


Cover Image Credit: Schroeder, Stan. “Create Trump Meme.”, 3 Feb. 2017,

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No, I Don't Have To Tell You I'm Trans Before Dating You

Demanding trans people come out to potential partners is transphobic.

In 2014, Jennifer Laude, a 26-year-old Filipina woman, was brutally murdered after having sex with a U.S. marine. The marine in question, Joseph Scott Pemberton, strangled her until she was unconscious and then proceeded to drown her in a toilet bowl.

Understandably, this crime triggered a lot of outrage. But while some were outraged over the horrific nature of the crime, many others were outraged by a different detail in the story. That was because Jennifer Laude had done the unspeakable. She was a trans woman and had not disclosed that information before having sex with Pemberton. So in the minds of many cis people, her death was the price she paid for not disclosing her trans status. Here are some of the comments on CNN's Facebook page when the story broke.

As a trans person, I run into this attitude all the time. I constantly hear cis people raging about how a trans person is "lying" if they don't come out to a potential partner before dating them. Pemberton himself claimed that he felt like he was "raped" because Laude did not come out to him. Even cis people that fashion themselves as "allies" tend to feel similar.

Their argument is that they aren't not attracted to trans people, so they should have a right to know if a potential partner is trans before dating them. These people view transness as a mere physical quality that they just aren't attracted to.

The issue with this logic is that the person in question is obviously attracted to trans people, or else they wouldn't be worried about accidentally going out with one. So these people aren't attracted to trans people because of some physical quality, they aren't attracted to trans people because they are disgusted by the very idea of transness.

Disgust towards trans people is ingrained in all of us from a very early age. The gender binary forms the basis of European societies. It establishes that there are men and there are women, and each has a specific role. For the gender binary to have power, it has to be rigid and inflexible. Thus, from the day we are born, we are taught to believe in a very static and strict form of gender. We learn that if you have a penis, you are a man, and if you have a vagina, you are a woman. Trans people are walking refutations of this concept of gender. Our very existence threatens to undermine the gender binary itself. And for that, we are constantly demonized. For example, trans people, mainly women of color, continue to be slaughtered in droves for being trans.

The justification of transphobic oppression is often that transness is inherently disgusting. For example, the "trans panic" defense still exists to this day. This defense involves the defendant asking for a lesser sentence after killing a trans person because they contend that when they found out the victim was trans, they freaked out and couldn't control themselves. This defense is still legal in every state but California.

And our culture constantly reinforces the notion that transness is undesirable. For example, there is the common trope in fictional media in which a male protagonist is "tricked" into sleeping with a trans woman. The character's disgust after finding out is often used as a punchline.

Thus, not being attracted to trans people is deeply transphobic. The entire notion that someone isn't attracted to a group of very physically diverse group of people because they are trans is built on fear and disgust of trans people. None of this means it is transphobic to not be attracted to individual trans people. Nor is it transphobic to not be attracted to specific genitals. But it is transphobic to claim to not be attracted to all trans, people. For example, there is a difference between saying you won't go out with someone for having a penis and saying you won't go out with someone because they're trans.

So when a cis person argues that a trans person has an obligation to come out to someone before dating them, they are saying trans people have an obligation to accommodate their transphobia. Plus, claiming that trans people are obligated to come out reinforces the idea that not being attracted to trans people is reasonable. But as I've pointed out, not being attracted to trans people supports the idea that transness is disgusting which is the basis for transphobic oppression.

The one scenario in which I would say a trans person should disclose their trans status is if they are going to have sex with someone and are unsure if their partner is attracted to whatever genitals they may have. In that case, I think it's courteous for a trans person to come out to avoid any awkwardness during sex. But even then, a trans person isn't "lying" if they don't come out and their partner is certainly not being "raped."

It is easy to look at the story of Jennifer Laude and claim that her death was due to the actions of one bigot. But it's more complicated than that. Pemberton was the product of a society that told him that disgust towards trans people was reasonable and natural. So when he found out that he accidentally slept with a trans woman, he killed her.

Every single cis person that says that trans people have to come out because they aren't attracted to trans people feeds into the system that caused Jennifer Laude's death. And until those cis people acknowledge their complicity in that system, there will only be more like Jennifer Laude.

SEE ALSO: Yes, You Absolutely Need To Tell Someone You're Trans Before Dating

Cover Image Credit: Nats Getty / Instagram

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10 Men That Will Change Your Mind About Hair Loss

It happens to the best of them, but these men look better with a bald head!


Hair loss is such a common thing for men to face as they get older. As a society, I feel as though we typically frown upon it. This is probably the case due to the amount of hair transplants and hair products to stop hair loss and start hair growth. However, there are some men who can make the hair loss turn into a great thing because of how good they look bald. So, I have found the best looking bald men (in my opinion, of course!) and put them all into one list for your viewing pleasure!


1. Will Smith

First of all, I am extremely bias because I believe that Will Smith is the best looking man on this planet (even my boyfriend knows this!). Second, Will Smith is not always bald, but when he is, he tops the list of all bald men. In his role of Deadshot in Suicide Squad, Will was rocking the bald cut and looked absolutely amazing while doing so. 10/10, would recommend.

Will Smith: Deadshot

2. Idris Elba

Once again, another man that is not usually bald but when he is, he sure does kill. Idris Elba is such a great looking man and has an even better sounding voice. What is better than a man with an accent that looks good bald?

Idris Elbaidris-elba-hairstyle

3. Dwayne Johnson

We all know that the Rock is a favorite among women. He is tall, handsome and has the big strong muscles. Not to mention he plays the sweet father role well and has a great sense of humor. But the most impressive part of him is that he can be bald and pull it off VERY well!

Dwayne Johnson

4. Morris Chestnut

Such a beautiful man with an amazing smile. I am not sure how someone could not love the appearance of Morris Chestnut. Did I mention his smile?

Morris Chestnutmorris-chestnut

5. Shemar Moore

Another man with no hair that steals the show with a great smile is Shemar Moore. His bald head stands out in a great way and I think it would be impossible to have this type of list without Shemar on it.

Shemar Moore

6. Kobe Bryant

Not only is the MVP of basketball but he might be the MVM (most valued man) of the bald men out there! Once again, another beautiful smile. Not to mention, he's extremely talented.

Kobe Bryant

7. LL Cool J

A singer and an actor, representing the best of the bald men out there. Such a beautiful smile (are we seeing a trend here?) and an even better looking man. Could not leave LL Cool J off of this list either.

LL Cool J

8. Tyrese Gibson

Another man who can definitely give a positive view on being bald and losing your hair, Tyrese has been doing the look justice for a long time now.

Tyrese Gibson

9. Vin Diesel

We all know him from the Fast and the Furious, but let's recognize that he is a great looking man, rocking the bald head look. We love the movies and we love him. Go you Vin Diesel, keep rocking out and winning over all of our hearts (and eyes!).

Vin Diesel

10. Common

What common lacks in hair on his head he gains in facial hair. I swear he has one of the best beards ever. Also, those freckles? Hello? So cute!


Hopefully, after seeing as these wonderful men absolutely slaying the bald look, you'll think twice about hair loss (whether you're a man or a woman!).

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